7th International Conference on
Enterprise Information Systems

ICEIS 2005 Abstracts

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Conference Areas
- Databases and Information Systems Integration
- Artificial Intelligence and Decision Support Systems
- Information Systems Analysis and Specification
- Software Agents and Internet Computing
- Human-Computer Interaction

Workshops
- Wireless Information Systems
- Modelling, Simulation,Verification and Validation of Enterprise Information Systems
- Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Science
- Ubiquitous Computing
- Security In Information Systems
- Computer Supported Activity Coordination
- Web Services and Model-Driven Enterprise Information Services
- Pattern Recognition in Information Systems

Area 1 - Databases and Information Systems Integration
 
Title:

ARCHITECTURE FOR A SME-READY ERP-SOLUTION BASED ON WEB-SERVICES AND PEER-TO-PEER-NETWORKS

Author(s):

Jorge Marx Gómez and Claus Rautenstrauch

Abstract:

Although the requirements of small- to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) for enterprise resource planning systems (ERP) are very similar to those of big corporations, there is still a lack of solutions for SMEs, because the roll-out as well as the maintanance is very expensive. It has become clear that EDP branch solutions, application service providing and stripped-down software versions do not offer satisfying solutions. For solving these problems we propose an architecture for a distributed ERP-system based on web-services and peer-to-peer-network technology whose roll-out and maintanance is better affordable for SMEs than traditional systems.


Title:

USING CORRESPONDENCE ASSERTIONS TO SPECIFY THE SEMANTICS OF VIEWS IN AN OBJECT-RELATIONAL DATA WAREHOUSE

Author(s):

Valéria Magalhães Pequeno and Joaquim Nunes Aparício

Abstract:

An information integration system provides a uniform query interface for collecting of distributed and heterogeneous, possibly autonomous, information sources, giving users the illusion that they interrogate a centralized and homogeneous information system. One approach that has been used for integrating data from multiple databases consists in creating integrated views \cite{BLN86,ZHK96,GM97,CEMW01}, which allows for queries to be made against them. In this paper we propose the use of correspondence assertions to formally specify the relationship between the integrated view schema and the source database schemas. In this way, correspondence assertions are used to assert that the semantic of some schema's components are related to the semantic of some components of another schema. Our formalism has the advantages of proving a better understanding of the semantic of integrated view, and of helping to automate some aspects of data integration.


Title:

THE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DATABASE INTERFACE FOR LOGIC LANGUAGE BASED MOBILE AGENT SYSTEM

Author(s):

JingBo Ni, Xining Li and Lei Song

Abstract:

Mobile Agent system creates a new way for sharing distributed resources and providing multi-located services. With the idea of moving calculation towards resources, generally it occupies less network traffics than the traditional Client/Server model and achieves more flexibilities than the Remote Procedure Call (RPC) architecture. In order to endow agents with the ability of accessing remote data resources, in this paper we discuss the design strategies of Database Interface between a logic programming language (such as Prolog) based Mobile Agent system and a remote DBMS. Multi-threading Database Connection Management architecture is introduced especially for heavy-duty database operations. Moreover three levels of Physical Database Connection assignment (predicate level, agent level and module level) are presented and compared. Different strategies for temporarily holding the database searching results are also given in the paper, where the Result Memory Pool can be built locally, remotely or both. At last two compatible methods are adopted for releasing system resources charged during database operations manually and automatically.


Title:

UNDERSTANDING THE PROBLEMS OF ENTERPRISE SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATIONS: BEYOND CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS

Author(s):

Sue Newell, Gary David, Traci Logan, Linda Edelman and Jay Cooprider

Abstract:

Many companies continue to implement Enterprise Systems (ES) in order to take advantage of the integrating potential of having a single common system across the organization that can replace a multitude of independent legacy systems. While increasingly popular, research continues to show that such systems are difficult to implement successfully. A number of studies have identified the critical success factors for such implementations. However, in practice, it is often difficult to ensure that these critical factors are in place and are maintained in place across the lifespan of the implementation project. In this paper we identify the socio-political and cultural issues that explain why this is difficult and suggest some meta-level processes (induction, informality and improvisation) that can help to offset the problems with maintaining the critical success factors.


Title:

A FORMAL DEFINITION FOR OBJECT-RELATIONAL DATABASE METRICS

Author(s):

Aline Baroni, Coral Calero, Mario Piattini and Fernando Brito e Abreu

Abstract:

Relational databases are the most important in the database world and are evolving to object-relational databases in order to allow the possibility of working with new and complex data and applications. One widely accepted mechanism for assuring the quality of an object-relational database is the use of metrics formally and empirically validated. Also it is important to formalize the metrics for having a better understanding of their definitions. Metrics formalization assures the reliable repetition of their computation and facilitates the automation of metrics collection. In this paper we present the formalization of a set of metrics defined for object-relational databases described using SQL:2003. For doing the formalization we have produced the ontology of the SQL:2003 as a framework for representing the SQL schema definitions. The ontology has been represented using UML and the definition of the metrics has been done using OCL (Object-Constraint Language) which is part of the UML 2.0 standard.


Title:

MAPPING TEMPORAL DATA WAREHOUSE CONCEPTS

Author(s):

Ahmed Hezzah and A. Min Tjoa

Abstract:

SAP Business Information Warehouse (BW) today is a suitable and viable option for enterprise data warehousing and one of the few data warehouse products that offer an integrated user interface for administering and monitoring data. In previous works we introduced design and modeling techniques for representing time and temporal information in enterprise data warehouses and discussed generic problems linked to the design and implementation of the Time dimension, which have to be considered for global business processes, such as handling different time zones and representing holidays and daylight saving time (DST). This paper investigates supporting the global exchange of time-dependent business information by mapping those temporal data warehouse concepts to SAP BW components, such as InfoCubes and master data tables.


Title:

QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF ENTERPRISE INTEGRATION PATTERNS

Author(s):

Tariq Al-Naeem, Feras Dabous, Fethi Rabhi and Boualem Benatallah

Abstract:

The implementation of e-business applications is becoming a widespread practice among competitive organizations. The primary advantage of these applications is in supporting the core organizational Business Processes (BPs) that may span different departments, sometimes organizations. We refer to such applications as Business Process-Intensive applications (BPIAs) where they implement the organization's strategic BPs. A cornerstone activity in implementing BPIA is the architectural design task, which embodies many architectural design decisions, e.g. functionality exposure, access method, new functionality implementation, etc. What makes this task quite complex is the presence of several design approaches that vary considerably in their consequences on various quality attributes. In addition, since BPIAs often embody BPs that are scattered among different departments and organizations, it is natural that more than one stakeholder will be involved in the design process with different, often conflicting, quality goals. To aid in the design process, this paper discusses a number of alternative architectural patterns that can be reused during the architectural design of BPIA. It also proposes a systematic method for selecting among these patterns according to their satisfaction to the quality preferences desired by different stakeholders. To support making informed decisions, we leveraged rigorous Multiple-Attribute Decision Making (MADM) methods, particularly the AHP method. We validate the applicability of this approach using a real capital markets system from the domain of e-finance.


Title:

DWG2XML: GENERATING XML NESTED TREE STRUCTURE FROM DIRECTED WEIGHTED GRAPH

Author(s):

Kate Y. Yang, Anthony Lo, Tansel Özyer and Reda Alhajj

Abstract:

The overall XML file length is one of the critical factors when we need to transfer a large amount of data from relational database into XML. Especially in the nested tree structure of XML file, redundant data in the XML file can add more cost on database access, network traffic and XML query processing. Most previous automated relational to XML conversion research efforts use directed graphs to present relations in the database and nested trees in the XML structure. However, they all ignore that different combinations of tree structures in a graph can have a big impact on the XML data file size. This paper addresses this nested structure data file size problem. It proposes a module that can find the most convenient tree structure for the automated relational to XML conversion process. It provides a plan generator algorithm to list all the possible tree structures in a given directed weighted graph. Also it analyzes the data size of each plan and shows the convenient tree structure to the user. It can finally create the targeted XML documents for the user.


Title:

SIMULTANEOUS QUERYING OF XML AND RELATIONAL CONTEXTS

Author(s):

Madani Kenab and Tayeb Ould Braham

Abstract:

The presentation of the results of relational queries is flat. The prime objective of this work is to query an XML view of relational data in order to have nesting results of data implemented in the form of flat data. The second objective is to combine, in query results, structured data of a relational database and semi-structured data of an XML database. A FLWR expression (For Let Where Return) of the XQuery language can be nested at various levels in another FLWR expression. In our work, we especially are interested in the nesting of a FLWR expression in the Return clause of another FLWR expression in order to imbricate data in the result. In this paper, we will describe all necessary stages in order to carry out these two objectives.


Title:

SECURE CONCURRENCY CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR MULTILEVEL SECURE DISTRIBUTED DATABASE SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Navdeep Kaur, Rajwinder Singh and Hardeep Kaur sidhu

Abstract:

Majority of the research in multilevel secure database management systems (MLS/DBMS) focuses primarily on centralized database systems. However, with the demand for higher performance and higher availability, database systems have moved from centralized to distributed architectures, and the research in multilevel secure distributed database management systems (MLS/DDBMS) is gaining more and more prominence. Concurrency control is an integral part of database systems. Secure concurrency control algorithms [18], [29], [15], [17] proposed in literature achieve correctness and security at the cost of declined performance of high security level transactions. These algorithms infringe the fairness in processing transactions at different security levels. Though the performance of different concurrency control algorithms have been explored extensively for centralized multilevel secure database management systems [11], [31] but to the best of author’s knowledge the relative performance of transactions at different security levels using different secure concurrency control algorithm for MLS/DDBMS has not been reported yet. To fill this gap, this paper presents a detailed simulation model of a distributed database system and investigates the performance price paid for maintaining security with concurrency control in a distributed database system. The paper investigates the relative performance of transactions at different security levels.


Title:

ON THE TREE INCLUSION AND QUERY EVALUATION IN DOCUMENT DATABASES

Author(s):

Yangjun Chen and Yibin Chen

Abstract:

In this paper, a method to evaluate queries in document databases is proposed. The main idea of this method is a new top-down algorithm for tree-inclusion. In fact, a path-oriented query can be considered as a pattern tree while an XML document can be considered as a target tree. To evaluate a query S against a document T, we will check whether S is included in T. For a query S, our algorithm needs O(|T|Þ|leaves(S)|) time and no extra space to check the containment of S in document T, where |T| stands for the number of nodes in T and leaves(S) for the leaf nodes of S. Especially, the signature technique can be integrated into a top-down tree inclusion to cut off useless subtree checkings as early as possible.


Title:

SCENARIO-BASED EVALUATION OF ENTERPRISE - A TOP-DOWN APPROACH FOR CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER DECISION MAKING

Author(s):

Mårten Simonsson, Åsa Lindström, Pontus Johnson, Lars Nordström, John Grundbäck and Olof Wijnbladh

Abstract:

As the primary stakeholder for the Enterprise Architecture, the Chief Information Officer (CIO) is responsible for the evolution of the enterprise IT system. An important part of the CIO role is therefore to make decisions about strategic and complex IT matters. This paper presents a cost effective and scenario-based approach for providing the CIO with an accurate basis for decision making. Scenarios are analyzed and compared against each other by using a number of problem-specific easily measured system properties identified in literature. In order to test the usefulness of the approach, a case study has been carried out. One CIO needed guidance on how to assign functionality and data within four overlapping systems. The results are quantifiable and can be presented graphically, thus providing a cost-efficient and easily understood basis for decision making. The study shows that the scenario-based approach can make complex Enterprise Architecture decisions understandable for CIOs and other business-orientated stakeholders.


Title:

NONPARAMETRIC ANALYSIS OF SOFTWARE RELIABILITY: REVEALING THE NATURE OF SOFTWARE FAILURE DATASERIES

Author(s):

Andreas S. Andreou and Constantinos Leonidou

Abstract:

Software reliability is directly related to the number and time of occurrence of software failures. Thus, if we were able to reveal and characterize the behavior of the evolution of actual software failures over time then we could possibly build more accurate models for estimating and predicting software reliability. This paper focuses on the study of the nature of empirical software failure data via a nonparametric statistical framework. Six different time-series data expressing times between successive software failures were investigated and a random behavior was detected with evidences favoring a pink noise explanation.


Title:

A PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATION OF TRANSPARENT ENCRYPTION AND SEPARATION OF DUTIES IN ENTERPRISE DATABASES - PROTECTION AGAINST EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL ATTACKS ON DATABASES

Author(s):

Ulf Mattsson

Abstract:

Security is becoming one of the most urgent challenges in database research and industry, and there has also been increasing interest in the problem of building accurate data mining models over aggregate data, while protecting privacy at the level of individual records. Instead of building walls around servers or hard drives, a protective layer of encryption is provided around specific sensitive data items or objects. This prevents outside attacks as well as infiltration from within the server itself. This also allows the security administrator to define which data stored in databases are sensitive and thereby focusing the protection only on the sensitive data, which in turn minimizes the delays or burdens on the system that may occur from other bulk encryption methods. Encryption can provide strong security for data at rest, but developing a database encryption strategy must take many factors into consideration. We present column-level database encryption as the only solution that is capable of protecting against external and internal threats, and at the same time meeting all regulatory requirements. We use the key concepts of security dictionary, type transparent cryptography and propose solutions on how to transparently store and search encrypted database fields. Different stored data encryption strategies are outlined, so you can decide the best practice for each situation, and each individual field in your database, to handle different security and operating requirements. Application code and database schemas are sensitive to changes in the data type and data length. the paper presents a policy driven solution that allows transparent data level encryption that does not change the data field type or length.


Title:

BENCHMARKING AN XML MEDIATOR

Author(s):

Florin Dragan and Georges Gardarin

Abstract:

In the recent years, XML has become the universal interchange format. Many investigations have been made on storing, querying and integrating XML with existing applications. Many XML-based commercial DBMSs have appeared lately. This paper reports on the analysis of an XML mediator federating several existing XML DBMSs. We measure their storage and querying capabilities directly through their Java API and indirectly through the XLive mediation tool. For this purpose we have created a simple benchmark consisting in a set of queries and a variable test database. The main scope is to reveal the weaknesses and the strengths of the implemented indexing and federating techniques. We analyze two commercial native XML DBMS and an open-source relational to XML mapping middleware. We first pass directly the queries to the DBMSs and second we go through the XLive XML mediator. Results suggest that text XML is not the best format to exchange data between a mediator and a wrapper, and also shows some possible improvements of XQuery support in mediation architectures.


Title:

THE HYBRID DIGITAL TREE: A NEW INDEXING TECHNIQUE FOR LARGE STRING DATABASES

Author(s):

Qiang Xue, Sakti Pramanik, Gang Qian and Qiang Zhu

Abstract:

There is an increasing demand for efficient indexing techniques to support queries on large string databases. In this paper, a hybrid RAM/disk-based index structure, called the Hybrid Digital tree (HD-tree), is proposed. The HD-tree keeps internal nodes in the RAM to minimize the number of disk I/Os, while maintaining leaf nodes on the disk to maximize the capability of the tree for indexing large databases. Experimental results using real data have shown that the HD-tree outperformed the Prefix B-tree for prefix and substring searches. In particular, for distinctive random queries in the experiments, the average number of disk I/Os was reduced by a factor of two to three, while the running time was reduced in an order of magnitude.


Title:

JDSI: A SOFTWARE INTEGRATION STYLE FOR INTEGRATING MS-WINDOWS SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS IN A JAVA-BASED DISTRIBUTED SYSTEM

Author(s):

Jim-Min Lin, Zeng-Wei Hong and Guo-Ming Fang

Abstract:

Developing software systems by integrating the existing applications/systems over the network is becoming mature and practical. Microsoft Windows operating systems today support a huge number of software applications. It may accelerate the construction of components, if these commercial software applications could be transformed to software components. This paper proposes an architectural style to support a 3-phases process for migrating MS-Windows applications towards a distributed system using Java technologies. This style is aimed to provide a solution with clear documentation and sufficient information that is helpful to a software developer for rapidly integration of MS-windows applications. In final, an example parking lot management system that assembles two MS-Windows applications was developed in this work to demonstrate the usage of this style.


Title:

TOWARDS PROCESS-AWARE ENTERPRISE SOFTWARE ENVIRONMENTS

Author(s):

Bela Mutschler, Johannes Bumiller and Manfred Reichert

Abstract:

To stay competitive at the market companies must tightly interlink their software systems with their business processes. While the business process paradigm has been widely accepted in practice, the majority of current software applications is still not yet implemented in a process-oriented way. But even if, process logic is “hard-wired” in the application code leading to inflexible and rigid software systems that do not reflect business needs. In such a scenario quick adaptation of the software systems to changed business processes is almost impossible. Therefore, many software systems are already out of date at the time they are introduced into practice, and they generate high maintenance costs in the following. Due to this unsatisfactory business process support a software system’s return on investment is often low. By contrast technologies which enable the realization of process-aware enterprise environments will significantly contribute to improve the added value of IT to a company’s business. In this paper we characterize process-ware enterprise environments. Additionally we identify promising technologies that particularly enable process-awareness and leading to lower development and maintenance costs as well as higher benefits. We present a conceptual framework, which describes process-ware enterprise environments, and discuss relevant topics.


Title:

A FRAMEWORK FOR ERP INTEGRATION

Author(s):

Delvin Grant and Qiang Tu

Abstract:

A conceptual framework for better understanding of ERP integration issues is proposed based on existing literature. Its implications for practice and future research are discussed.


Title:

CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS IN ERP PROJECTS: CASE STUDIES IN TWO INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATIONS IN THE NETHERLANDS

Author(s):

Jos J.M. Trienekens, Wouter Kuijpers and Ruud Hendriks

Abstract:

Over the past decade many organizations are increasingly concerned with the implementation of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems. Implementation can be considered to be a process of organizational change influenced by different factors of type organizational, technological and human. This paper reports on critical success factors (CSFs) in two actual ERP implementation projects in industry. Critical success factors are being recognized and used in these projects and serve as a reference base for monitoring and controling the implementation projects. The paper identifies both (dis)advantages of CSFs and shortcomings of ERP implementation project management.


Title:

USING CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS FOR ASSESSING CRITICAL ACTIVITIES IN ERP IMPLEMENTATION WITHIN SMES

Author(s):

Paolo Faverio, Donatella Sciuto and Giacomo Buonanno

Abstract:

Aim of this research is the investigation and analysis of the critical success factors (CSF) in the implementation of ERP systems within SMEs. Papers in the ERP research field have focused on successes and failures of implementing systems into large organizations. Within the highly differentiated set of computer based systems available, the ERP systems represent the most common solution adopted by large companies to pursue their strategies. On the contrary, until now small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have shown little interest in ERP systems due to the lack of internal competence and resources that characterize those companies. Nevertheless, now that ERP vendors’ offer shows a noteworthy adjustment to SMEs organizational and business characteristics it seems of a certain interest to study and deeply analyze the reasons that can inhibit or foster ERP adoption within SMEs. This approach cannot leave out of consideration the analysis of the Critical Success Factors (CSFs) in ERP implementation: despite their wide outline in the most qualified literature, very seldom these research efforts have been addressed to SMEs. This paper aims at proposing a methodology to support the small medium entrepreneur in identifying the critical factors to be monitored along the whole ERP adoption process.


Title:

MUSICAL RETRIEVAL IN P2P NETWORKS UNDER THE WARPING DISTANCE

Author(s):

Ioannis Karydis, Alexandros Nanopoulos, Apostolos N. Papadopoulos and Yannis Manolopoulos

Abstract:

Peer-to-peer (P2P) networks present the advantages of increased size of the overall database offered by a the network nodes, fault-tolerance support to peer failure, and workload distribution. Music file storage and exchange has long abandoned the traditional centralised server-client approach for the advantages of P2P networks. In this paper, we examine the problem of searching for similar acoustic data over unstructured decentralised P2P networks. As distance measure, we utilise the time warping. We propose a novel algorithm, which efficiently retrieves similar audio data. The proposed algorithm takes advantage of the absence of overhead in unstructured P2P networks and minimises the required traffic for all operations with the use of an intelligent sampling scheme. Detailed experimental results show the efficiency of the proposed algorithm compared to an existing baseline algorithm.


Title:

A VIDEO DELIVERY METHOD USING AVAILABLE BANDWIDTH OF LINKS WITH BUFFERS AND DISKS

Author(s):

Hideaki Ito and Teruo Fukumura

Abstract:

Scheduling policies and methods are required to deliver videos through network structure since the videos are key contents, and they are continuous media, in order to design the networked multimedia systems. These systems allocate resources before video clips leave their servers for guaranteeing continuous play of the videos. The policies for achieving video delivery play an important role in sense of effective delivery. The method for utilizing the links is a momentous problem, since their capabilities are restricted, and extensions of their capabilities are a difficult issue. The policy shown in this paper is that available network bandwidth is used for delivering one video clip at once. The bandwidth of a link is exclusively used to deliver only one video clip. On the other hand, buffers and disks are established easier than the links. The policy treats these resources to deliver videos complementary in sense that these resources store the delivered video and that they are used for prevent link overflow. Moreover, some simulating results are shown. Then, the amount of buffer space is restricted, and disks are used for storing the video in temporal.


Title:

AN INTEGRATIVE FRAMEWORK TO ASSESS AND IMPROVE INFORMATION QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN ORGANIZATIONS

Author(s):

Ismael Caballero, Jesús Rodríguez and Mario Piattini

Abstract:

Information quality has become a decisive factor in organizations since it is the basis for the strategic decisions. So, many researching lines over the last decade have looked at specific data and information quality issues from different standpoints. Taking care about data and information quality goes beyond the definition of data quality dimensions, and today, there is still lack of an integrative framework, which can guide organizations in the assessment and improvement of data and information quality in a coordinated and global way. This paper tries to fulfil this gap by proposing a framework using the Information Management Process (IMP) concept. It consists of two main components: an Information Quality Management Model structured in Maturity Levels (CALDEA) and an Assessment and Improvement Methodology (EVAMECAL). The methodology allows the assessment of an IMP in terms of maturity levels given by CALDEA, which is used as guidance for improvements.


Title:

DYNAMIC DATABASE INTEGRATION IN A JDBC DRIVER

Author(s):

Terrence Mason and Ramon Lawrence

Abstract:

Current integration techniques are unsuitable for large-scale integrations involving numerous heterogeneous data sources. Existing methods either require the user to know the semantics of all data sources or they impose a static global view that is not tolerant of schema evolution. These assumptions are not valid in many environments. We present a different approach to integration based on annotation. The contribution is the elimination of the bottleneck of global view construction by moving the complicated task of identifying semantics to local annotators instead of global integrators. This allows the integration to be more automated, scaleable, and rapidly deployable. The algorithms are packaged in an embedded database engine contained in a JDBC driver capable of dynamically integrating data sources. Experimental results demonstrate that the Unity JDBC driver efficiently integrates data located in separate data sources with minimal overhead.


Title:

AN INTERNET ACCOUNTING SYSTEM: A LARGE SCALE SOFTWARE SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT USING MODEL DRIVEN ARCHITECTURE

Author(s):

Kenji Ohmori

Abstract:

Software development should be changed from a handcraft industry to industrialization like manufacturing to obtain high productivity. In knowledge creating industry of software development, engineers have to concentrate on core works. Peripheral works should be avoided as much as possible. Model driven architecture helps programmers work mainly in analysis and designing without considering much about implementation. Internet Accounting System, which is a standard model of enterprise systems have been developed with model driven architecture with high productivity.


Title:

ESTIMATING PATTERNS CONSEQUENCES FOR THE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN OF E-BUSINESS APPLICATIONS

Author(s):

Feras T. Dabous, Fethi A. Rabhi, Hairong Yu and Tariq Al-Naeem

Abstract:

Quality requirements play an important role in the success of enterprise e-business applications that support the automation of essential Business Processes (BPs). The functionality of each application may correspond to specific parts of the functionalities in a number of quality-proven monolithic and heterogeneous legacy systems. We refer to the development of such applications as BP Automation. In previous work, we have identified a range of patterns that capture best practices for the architectural design of such applications with the presence of legacy functionality. In this paper, we present and discuss quantitative patterns' consequences models to systematically estimate a number of quality attributes mainly the development effort and maintenance effort. The estimations for these qualities and the preferences provided by the stakeholders would affect the nomination of the architectural approach. A real life case study in the domain of e-finance and in particular capital markets trading is used in this paper to validate these models.


Title:

BUILDING APPLICATIONS ABLE TO COPE WITH PROBLEMATIC DATA USING A DATAWARP APPROACH

Author(s):

Stephen Crouch, Peter Henderson and Robert John Walters

Abstract:

As Enterprise systems develop and become ever more interconnected, they have to work with and store ever increasing quantities of data. Inevitably some proportion of this data is incorrect or contains inconsistencies. In general, toady’s systems struggle to cope when they encounter such situations as their logic and operation is based on the implicit assumption that the data they use is consistent if not actually correct. The naïve solution is to strive to eliminate errors and inconsistencies from the data. However, it is clear that no matter how tough we make our procedures and mechanisms for data collection and maintenance activities, we cannot hope to eliminate them entirely. Instead, we need to build tolerance into our applications to permit them to operate notwithstanding shortcomings they may encounter in the data they use. In a series of experiments, we have shown that an application using our “DataWarp” approach to data enjoys a real advantage in one specific environment. This paper describes applying the approach more widely.


Title:

A FRAMEWORK FOR PARALLEL QUERY PROCESSING ON GRID-BASED ARCHITECTURE

Author(s):

Khin Mar Soe, Than Nwe Aung, Aye Aye Nwe, Thinn Thu Naing and Nilar Thein

Abstract:

With relations growing larger, distributed, and queries becoming more complex, parallel query processing is an increasingly attractive option for improving the performance of database systems. Distributed and parallel query processing has been widely used in data intensive applications where data of relevance to users are stored at multiple locations. It is becoming a reality. It can also be important in Grid since grid technologies have enabled sophisticated interaction and data sharing between resources that may belong to different departments or organizations. In this paper, we propose a three-tier middleware system for optimizing and processing of distributed queries in parallel on Cluster Grid architecture. The main contribution of this paper is providing transparent and integrated access to distributed heterogeneous data resources, getting performance improvements of implicit parallelism by extending technologies from parallel databases. We also proposed the dynamic programming algorithm for query optimization and site selection algorithm for resource balancing. An example query for employee databases is used throughout the paper to show the benefits of the system.


Title:

ONTOLOGY BASED EXTRACTION AND INTEGRATION OF INFORMATION FROM UNSTRUCTURED DOCUMENTS

Author(s):

Naychi Lai Lai Thein, Khin Haymar Saw Hla and Ni Lar Thein

Abstract:

The Semantic Web is an extension of the current Web in which information is given well-defined meaning, better enabling computers and people to work in cooperation One of the basic problems in the development of Semantic Web is information integration. Indeed, the web is composed of a variety of information sources, and in order to integrate information from such sources, their semantic integration and reconciliation is required. Also, web pages are formatted with HTML which is only a human readable format and the agents cannot understand their meaning. In this paper, we present an approach to extract information from unstructured documents (e.g. HTML) and are converted to standard format (XML) by using source ontology. Then, we translate XML output to local ontology. This paper also describes a key technology for mapping between ontologies to compute similarity measures to express complex relationships among concepts. In order to address this problem, we apply machine learning approach for semantic interoperability in the real, commercial and governmental world.


Title:

AN APPLICATION TO INTEGRATE RELATIONAL AND XML DATA SOURCES

Author(s):

Ana Mª Fermoso García, Roberto Berjón Gallinas and Mª José Gil Larrea

Abstract:

Nowadays, special with the Internet explosion, enterprises have to work with data from heterogeneous sources, such as data from conventional databases, or from new sources of Internet world like XML or HTML documents. Organizations have to work with these different data sources at the same time, so, it’s necessary to find some way to integrate this heterogeneous information. In this paper we are going to centre in two main types of data, conventional data from relational databases, and the new web data format XML. Traditional relational database continues being the main data store and XML has become the main format to exchange and representation data on the web. At the end our purpose would be that the necessary data in each moment were in the same and common format, in XML, because this is the most used format on the web. This paper proposes an efficient environment for accessing relational databases from a web perspective using XML. Our environment defines a query system based on XML for relational databases, called XBD. XBD has a full XML appearance, query language and query results are in XML format. For the end user it is similar to query a XML document. This system includes a model to adapt any relational database in order it could be queried in two new query languages, derived from XSL and XQuery languages, and a software tool to implement the functionality of the XBD environment.


Title:

CHANGE IMPACT ANALYSIS APPROACH IN A CLASS HIERARCHY

Author(s):

Khine Khine Oo

Abstract:

Change impact analysis is a technique for determining the potential effects of changes on a software system. As software system evolves, changes made to those systems can have unintended impacts elsewhere. Although, object-oriented features such as encapsulation, inheritance, polymorphism, and dynamic binding contribute to the reusability and extensibility of systems. However, we have to face the more difficult to identify the effected components due to changes because there exits complex dependencies between classes and attributes. In this paper, we propose change impact analysis approach for a class hierarchy. Our approach is based on the program slicing techniques to extract the impact program fragment with respect to the slicing criterion of change information but aim to minimize unexpected side effects of change. We believe that our impact analysis approach provides the software developer in their maintaining process as well as debugging and testing processes.


Title:

CHANGE DETECTION AND MAINTENANCE OF AN XML WEB WAREHOUSE

Author(s):

Ching-Ming Chao

Abstract:

The World Wide Web is a popular broadcast medium that contains a huge amount of information. The web warehouse is an efficient and effective means to facilitate utilization of information on the Web. XML has become the new standard for semi-structured data exchange over the Web. In this paper, therefore, we study the XML web warehouse and propose an approach to the problems of change detection and warehouse maintenance in an XML web warehouse system. This paper has three major contributions. First, we propose an object-oriented data model for XML web pages in the web warehouse as well as system architecture for change detection and warehouse maintenance. Second, we propose a change detection method based on mobile agent technology to actively detect changes of data sources of the web warehouse. Third, we propose an incremental and deferred maintenance method to maintain XML web pages in the web warehouse. We compared our approach with a rewriting approach to storage and maintenance of the XML web warehouse by experiments. Performance evaluation shows that our approach is more efficient than the rewriting ap-proach in terms of the response time and storage space of the web warehouse.


Title:

TOWARDS DATA WAREHOUSES FOR NATURAL HAZARDS

Author(s):

Hicham Hajji, Mohand-Said Hacid and Hassan Badir

Abstract:

Data warehousing has emerged as an effective technique for converting data into useful information. It is an improved approach to integrate data from multiple, often very large, distributed, heterogeneous databases and other information sources. This paper examines the possibility of using data warehousing technique in the natural hazards management framework to integrate various functional and operational data which are usually scattered across multiple, dispersed and fragmented systems. We present a conceptual data model for the data warehouse in the presence of various data formats such as geographic and multimedia data. We propose OLAP operations for browsing information in the data warehouse.


Title:

XML-BASED SEMANTIC DATABASE DEFINITION LANGUAGE

Author(s):

Naphtali Rishe, Malek Adjouadi, Maxim Chekmasov, Dmitry Vasilevsky, Scott Graham, Dayanara Hernandez and Ouri Wolfson

Abstract:

The current paper analyzes different options for semantic database presentation and describes a presentation format XSDL. Presentation of semantic database in a certain format implies that the format fully preserves the database content. If the database is exported to this format and then imported back to the database engine, the resulting database should be equivalent to the one that was exported. XSDL is used for information exchange, reviewing data from databases, debugging database applications and for recovery purposes. Among other requirements that XSDL meets are support of both schema and data, readability by the user (therefore XSDL is a text format), full preservation of database content, support for simple and fast export/import algorithms, portability across platforms, and facilitation of data exchange.


Title:

TOWARDS AN AUTOMATIC DATA MART DESIGN

Author(s):

Ahlem Nabli, Ahlem Soussi, Jamel Feki, Hanêne Ben Abdallah and Faïez Gargouri

Abstract:

The manual design of data warehouse and data mart schemes can be a tedious, error-prone, and time-consuming task. In fact, it is a highly complex engineering task that calls for a methodological support. This paper lays the grounds for an automatic, stepwise approach for the generation of data warehouse and data mart schemes. For this, it first proposes a standard format for OLAP requirement acquisition. Secondly, it defines an algorithm that transforms automatically the OLAP requirements into data marts modelled either as star or constellation schemes. Thirdly, it defines a set of unification rules that merge the generated data mart schemes to construct the data warehouse schema. Finally, it outlines the mapping rules between the data sources and the data marts schemes


Title:

AN EFFICIENT APPROACH FOR WEB-SITE ADAPTATION

Author(s):

Seema Jani, Sam Makki and Xiaohua Jia

Abstract:

This paper implements a novel approach defined as the Preference-function Algorithm (PFA) for web-site adaptation. The algorithm extracts future preferences from the users’ past web navigational activities. Server web logs are used to identify users’ navigation behaviors by examining the traverses of various web pages. In this approach, the sessions are modeled as a finite state graph, where each visited web page is defined as a state. Then, traversing among various states provides the framework for determining the interest of the users’.


Title:

INTEGRATING WORKFLOW EXTENSIONS INTO A PROCESS-INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENT FOR CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Author(s):

Michalis Miatidis and Matthias Jarke

Abstract:

Design is one of the most complex and creative tasks undertaken by chemical engineers. The early production stages of chemical design require an adequate support because of their critical impact on the competitiveness of the final products, as well as their environmental impact. In cooperation with researchers and industries from the chemical engineering domain, we have created an integrated flowsheet-centered environment for the support of the early stages of design. This environment has been build on top of the PRIME (Process-Integrated Modelling Environments) framework which empowers the delivery of direct fine-grained method guidance to the engineers through process-integrated tools. In order to address the global need for enterprise integration observed in today's highly competitive global economy, we had to make our system more aware of further organizational aspects of the executed processes. As a solution to this challenge, we integrated a number of workflow extensions inside our system. These extensions enabled PRIME to provide its method guidance further across the inter- and intra-enterprise environment of our enacted processes, with the future goal of seamless interoperating with other external systems of the overall enterprise environment. In this paper, after capturing the rationale behind the need for this integration, we successively describe the integrated environment support built upon PRIME and detail the extensions employed. Finally, we illustrate our approach on a small case study from our experience.


Title:

AN INTEGRATED DECISION SUPPORT TOOL FOR EU POLICIES ON HEALTH, TRANSPORT AND ARTISTIC HERITAGE RECOVERY

Author(s):

Kanana Ezekiel and Farhi Marir

Abstract:

In this paper, we describe an ongoing EU funded project (ISHTAR) that develops an advance integrated decision tool (ISHTAR suite) for the analysis of the effects of long-term and short-term policies to improve the quality of the environment, citizen’s health and preservation of heritage monuments. From the background of the project, the paper goes on to explain the integration of a large number of tools aimed at knowledge management and knowledge sharing to allow European cities to make balanced decisions on a wide range of issues such as health, noise, pollution, transport, and monumental heritage. We also identify solutions to various problems and difficulties when attempting to represent and share knowledge.


Title:

A UNIFIED FRAMEWORK FOR APPLICATION INTEGRATION - AN ONTOLOGY-DRIVEN SERVICE-ORIENTED APPROACH

Author(s):

Saïd Izza, Lucien Vincent and Patrick Burlat

Abstract:

The crucial problem of the enterprise application integration (EAI) is the semantic integration. This problem is not correctly addressed by today's EAI solutions that focus mainly on the technical and syntactical integration. Addressing the semantic aspect will promote EAI by providing it more consistency and robustness. Some efforts are suggested to solve the semantic problem, but they are still not mature. This article will propose an approach that combines both ontologies and web services in order to overcome the integration problem.


Title:

CHOOSING GROUPWARE TOOLS AND ELICITATION TECHNIQUES ACCORDING TO STAKEHOLDERS' FEATURES

Author(s):

Gabriela N. Aranda, Aurora Vizcaíno, Alejandra Cechich and Mario Piattini

Abstract:

The set of groupware tools used during a distributed development process is usually chosen by taking into account predetermined business politics, managers’ personal preferences, or people in charge of the project. However, perhaps the chosen groupware tools are not the most appropriate for all the group members and it is possible that some of them would not be completely comfortable with them. To avoid this situation we have built a model and its supporting prototype tool which, based on techniques from psychology, suggests an appropriate set of groupware tools and elicitation techniques according to stakeholders’ preferences.


Title:

CWM-BASED INTEGRATION OF XML DOCUMENTS AND OBJECT-RELATIONAL DATA

Author(s):

Iryna Kozlova, Martin Husemann, Norbert Ritter, Stefan Witt and Natalia Haenikel

Abstract:

In today’s networked world, a plenitude of data is spread across a variety of data sources with different data models and structures. In order to leverage the potential of distributed data, effective methods for the integrated utilization of heterogeneous data sources are required. In this paper, we propose a model for the integration of the two predominant types of data sources, (object-)relational and XML databases. It employs the Object Management Group’s Common Warehouse Metamodel to resolve structural heterogeneity and aims at an extensively automatic integration process. Users are presented with an SQL view and an XML view on the global schema and can thus access the integrated data sources via both native query languages, SQL and XQuery.


Title:

QL-RTDB: QUERY LANGUAGE FOR REAL-TIME DATABASES

Author(s):

Cicília R. M. Leite, Yáskara Y. M. P. Fernandes, Angelo Perkusich, Pedro F. R. Neto and Maria L. B. Perkusich

Abstract:

Although some research directed for real-time database, some functionalities provided for these as: control of concurrency, scheduling and query language still are being searched. In order to solve this problems, we consider to extend structured query language (SQL) to be used in a database in real-time, that we will call of query language for database in real-time (QL-RTDB). This article presents the implementation of QL-RTDB. As results, the best execution sequence of the transactions operations must be produced, where the transactions maximum amount attends it deadlines using valid data.


Title:

THE INDEX UPDATE PROBLEM FOR XML DATA IN XDBMS

Author(s):

Beda Christoph Hammerschmidt, Martin Kempa and Volker Linnemann

Abstract:

Database Management Systems are a major component of almost every information system. In relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS) indexes are well known and essential for the performant execution of frequent queries. For XML Database Management Systems (XDBMS) no index standards are established yet; although they are required not less. An inevitable side effect of any index is that modifications of the indexed data have to be reflected by the index structure itself. This leads to two problems: first it has to be determined whether a modifying operation affects an index or not. Second, if an index is affected, the index has to be updated efficiently - best without rebuilding the whole index. In recent years a lot of approaches were introduced for indexing XML data in an XDBMS. All approaches lack more or less in the field of updates. In this paper we give an algorithm that is based on finite automaton theory and determines whether an XPath based database operation affects an index that is defined universally upon keys, qualifiers and a return value of an XPath expression. In addition, we give algorithms how we update our KeyX indexes efficiently if they are affected by a modification. The Index Update Problem is relevant for all applications that use a secondary XML data representation (e.g. indexes, caches, XML replication/synchronization services) where updates must be identified and realized.


Title:

AN ARCHITECTURE FOR LOCATION-DEPENDENT SEMANTIC CACHE MANAGEMENT

Author(s):

Heloise Manica, Murilo S. de Camargo and M.A.R. Dantas

Abstract:

Advances in mobile computing and wireless communications are allowing the development of some approaches which consider the geographical position of a mobile user to access data dependent on it. Location-Dependent Information Services is an emerging class of application that allows new types of queries such as location-dependent queries and continuous queries. In these systems, data caching plays an important role in data management due to its ability to improve system performance and availability in case of disconnection. In mobile environment, data cached can become obsolete when the client moves from a location to a new one. Therefore, cache management requires more than traditional solutions due to mobility and location. This paper presents a new semantic cache scheme for location dependent systems based on spatial property. The proposed architecture is called as Location Dependent Semantic Cache Management – LDSCM. In addition, we examine location-dependent query processing issues and propose a solution for the reorganization of the cached semantic segments.


Title:

COCO: COMPOSITION MODEL AND COMPOSITION MODEL IMPLEMENTATION

Author(s):

Naiyana Tansalarak and Kajal T. Claypool

Abstract:

Component-based software engineering attempts to address the ever increasing demand for new software applications by enabling a compositional approach to software construction in which applications are built from pre-fabricated components, rather than developed from scratch. However, the success of component-based development has been impeded by interoperability concerns that often come into play when composing two or more independently developed components. These concerns encompass five incompatibility dimensions: component model, semantic, syntactic, design and platform. In this paper we now propose a CoCo composition model that elevates compositions to first class citizenship status and defines the standard for describing the composition of components transparently to any underlying incompatibilities between the collaborating components; and a CoCo composition model implementation that provides the required support to describe and subsequently execute the composition to produce a composed application. In particular, we advocate the use of XML Schemas as a mechanism to support the composition model. To support the composition model implementation we provide (1) a taxonomy of primitive composition operators to describe the {\em connection} between components; (2) XML documents as a description {\em language} for the compositions; and (3) the development of a set of deployment plugins that address any incompatibilities and enable the generation of the composed application (or composite component) in different languages and component models as well as on different platforms.


Title:

SEFAGI: SIMPLE ENVIRONMENT FOR ADAPTABLE GRAPHICAL INTERFACES - GENERATING USER INTERFACES FOR DIFFERENT KINDS OF TERMINALS

Author(s):

Tarak Chaari and Frédérique Laforest

Abstract:

The SEFAGI project takes place in domains where many different user interfaces are needed in the same application. Instead of manually developing all the required windows, we propose a platform that automatically generates the needed code from high level descriptions of these windows. Code generation is done for standard screens and for small screens on mobile terminals. New windows are automatically taken in charge by an execution layer on the terminal. Data adaptation to the different terminals is also provided. A platform-independent window description language has been defined


Title:

TABLE-DRIVEN PROGRAMMING IN SQL FOR ENTERPRISE INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Hung-chih Yang and D. Stott Parker

Abstract:

In database systems, business logic is usually implemented in the forms of external processes, stored procedures, user-defined functions, components, objects, constraints, triggers, etc. In this paper, we propose storing business process logic in the attributes of tuples as functions defined by SQL expressions (or user-defined functions). This idea is to treat functions as data, and extend the type system of a relational database to include function datatypes. In short, data and functions are integrated in a relational manner. The introduction of these \emph{lightweight functions} to relational databases gives a basis for applying the software-engineering methodology of \emph{table-driven programming} in SQL. This methodology advocates storing functions and data in tables. The query evaluation process then needs only to be extended with mechanical evaluation of ``joined'' data and functions. This approach can make understanding and maintenance of stored business logic transparent as relational data.


Title:

ASPECT-ORIENTED DOMAIN SPECIFIC LANGUAGES FOR ADVANCED TRANSACTION MANAGEMENT

Author(s):

Johan Fabry and Thomas Cleenewerck

Abstract:

Transaction management is a widely used concurrency management technique in distributed systems, although it has some known drawbacks. These have been researched in the past, and many solutions in the form of advanced transaction models have been proposed. However none of these models are currently in use. An important reason for this is that they are too difficult to be used by the application programmer because of their complexity. In this paper we show how this can be solved by letting the application programmer specify these advanced transactions at a much higher abstraction level. To achieve this, we marry the software engineering techniques of Aspect Oriented Programming and Domain-Specific Languages. This allows the programmer to declare advanced transactions separately in one concise specification.


Title:

ANALYTICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF STREAM-BASED JOIN

Author(s):

Henry Kostowski and Kajal T. Claypool

Abstract:

Continuous queries over data streams have gained popularity as the breadth of possible applications, ranging from network monitoring to online pattern discovery, have increased. Joining of streams is a fundamental issue that must be resolved to enable complex queries over multiple streams. However, as streams can represent potentially infinite data, it is infeasible to have full join evaluations as is the case with traditional databases. Joins in a stream environment are thus evaluated not over entire streams, but on specific windows defined on the streams. In this paper, we present windowed implementations of the traditional nested loops and hash join algorithms. In our work we analytically and experimentally evaluate the performance of these algorithms for different parameters. We find that, in general, a hash join provides better performance. We also investigate invalidation strategies to remove stale data from the window buffers, and propose an optimal strategy that balances processing time versus buffer size.


Title:

WRAPPING AND INTEGRATING HETEROGENEOUS RELATIONAL DATA WITH OWL

Author(s):

Seksun Suwanmanee, Djamal Benslimane, Pierre-Antoine Champin and Philippe Thiran

Abstract:

The number of web-based information systems has been increasing since Internet became a global open network accessible for all. The Semantic Web vision aims at providing supplementary meaningful information (meta-data) about Web resources in order to facilitate automatic processing by machines and interoperability between different systems. In this paper, we focus on an integration of heterogeneous data sources in the semantic Web context using a semantic mediation approach based on ontologies. We use the ontology description language OWL to formalize ontologies of different resources and to describe their relations and correspondences in order to allow the semantic interoperability between them. We propose an architecture adopting mediator-wrapper approach for a mediator based on OWL. Some illustrations of semantic mediation using OWL are also presented in the paper.


Title:

A PROTOTYPE FOR INTEGRATION OF WEB SERVICES INTO THE IRULES APPROACH TO COMPONENT INTEGRATION

Author(s):

Susan D. Urban, Vikram V. Kumar and Suzanne W. Dietrich

Abstract:

The ANON environment provides a framework for using events and rules in the integration of EJB components. This research has investigated the extensions required to integrate Web Services into the ANON architecture and execution environment. The ANON language framework and metadata have been extended for Web Services, with enhancements to Web Service interfaces for describing services that represent object manipulation operations as well as component enhancements such as event generation, stored attributes, and externalized relationships between distributed components. Web service wrappers provide the additional ANON functionality for the enhanced Web service interfaces, with a state management facility in the ANON environment providing persistent storage of stored attributes and externalized relationships. The ANON Web service wrappers are client-side, component-independent wrappers for Web Services, thus providing a more dynamic approach to the modification of service interfaces as well as the dynamic entry and exit of participants in the integration process.


Title:

VALUE ADDED WEB SERVICES FOR INDUSTRIAL OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE

Author(s):

Mika Viinikkala, Veli-Pekka Jaakkola and Seppo Kuikka

Abstract:

Efficient information management is needed at industrial manufacturing plants that compete in the present demanding business environment. Requirements to enhance operation and maintenance (O&M) information management emerge from problems within internal information flows of a plant, supporting the networked organization of O&M, and accomplishing the new demand-driven business model. O&M information management of an industrial process plant is here proposed to be enhanced by value added web services. A service framework will work as a supporting architectural context for the value added services. Information from existing systems, such as automation, maintenance, production control, and condition monitoring systems, is analyzed, refined and used in control activities by the value added services.


Title:

REAL-TIME SALES & OPERATIONS PLANNING WITH CORBA: LINKING DEMAND MANAGEMENT WITH PRODUCTION PLANNING

Author(s):

Elias Kirche, Janusz Zalewski and Teresa Tharp

Abstract:

Several existing mechanisms for order processing, such as Available-to-Promise (ATP), Materials Requirements Planning (MRP), or Capable-to-Promise (CTP), do not really include simultaneous capacity and profitability considerations. One of the major issues in the incorporation of profitability analysis into the order management system is the determination of relevant costs in the order cycle, and the real-time access to production parameters (i.e., target quantities based on current cycle time) to be included in the computation of planning and profitability. Our study attempts to provide insights into this novel area by developing a Decision Support System (DSS) for demand management that integrates real-time information generated by process control and monitoring systems into an optimization system for profitability analysis in a distributed environment via CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). The model can be incorporated into current enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems and dynamic use of real-time data from various functional support technologies.


Title:

A TREE BASED ALGEBRA FRAMEWORK FOR XML DATA SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Ali El bekai and Nick Rossiter

Abstract:

This paper introduces a framework in algebra for processing XML data. We develop a simple algebra, called TA (Tree Algebra), for processing storing and manipulating XML data, modelled as trees. We present assumptions of the framework, describe the input and the output of the algebraic operators, and define the syntax of these operators and their semantics in terms of algorithms. Furthermore we define the relational and their semantics in terms of algorithms. Examples show that this framework is flexible to capture queries expressed in the domain specific XML query language. As can be seen the input and output of our algebra is a tree, that is the input and output are XML document and the XML document is defined as a tree. We also present algorithms for many of the algebra operators; these algorithms show how the algebra operators such as join, union, complement, project, select, expose and vertex work on nodes of the XML tree or element and attributes of an XML document. Detailed examples show how the algebraic operators work.


Title:

DYNAMIC PRE-FETCHING OF VIEWS BASED ON USER-ACCESS PATTERNS IN AN OLAP SYSTEM

Author(s):

Karthik Ramachandran, Biren Shah and Vijay Raghavan

Abstract:

Materialized view selection plays an important role in improving the efficiency of an OLAP system. To meet the changing user needs, many dynamic approaches have been proposed for solving the view selection problem. Most of these approaches use some form of caching to store frequent queries and a replacement policy to replace the infrequent ones. While some of these approaches use demand fetching, where the query is computed only when it is asked, a few others have used a pre-fetching strategy, where certain additional information is used to pre-fetch queries that are likely to be asked in the near future. In this paper, we propose a global pre-fetching scheme that uses user access pattern information to pre-fetch certain candidate views that could be used for efficient query processing within the specified user context. For specific kinds of query patterns, called drill-down analysis, which is typical of an OLAP system, our approach significantly improves the query performance by pre-fetching drill-down candidates that otherwise would have to be computed from the base fact table. We compare our approach against dynamat; a demand fetching based dynamic view management system that is known to outperform optimal static view selection. The comparison is based on the detailed cost savings ratio, used for quantifying the benefits of view selection against incoming queries. The experimental results show that our approach outperforms dynamat and thus, also the optimal static view selection.


Title:

SEMANTIC QUERY TRANSFORMATION FOR INTEGRATING WEB INFORMATION SOURCES

Author(s):

Mao Chen, Rakesh Mohan and Richard T. Goodwin

Abstract:

The heterogeneousness and dynamics of web sources are the major challenges to Internet-scale information integration. The information sources are different in contents and query interfaces. In addition, the sources can be highly dynamic in the sense that they can be added, removed, or updated with time. This paper introduces a novel information integration framework that leverages the industry standards on web services (WSDL/SOAP), ontology description language (RDF/OWL), and a commercial database (IBM DB2 Information IntegratorDB2 II [DB2 II]). Taking advantage of the data integration and query optimization capability of DB2 II, this paper focuses on the methodologies to transform a user query to the queries on different sources and to combine the transformation results into a query to DB2 II. Wrapping information sources using web services and annotating them with regard to their contents, query capabilities and the logical relations between concepts, our query transformation engine is rooted in ontology-based reasoning. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first framework that uses web services as the interface of information sources and combines ontology-based reasoning, web services, semantic annotation on web services, as well as DB2 II to support Internet-scale information integration.


Title:

A HYBRID CLUSTERING CRITERION FOR R*-TREE ON BUSINESS DATA

Author(s):

Yaokai Feng, Zhibin Wang and Akifumi Makinouchi

Abstract:

It is well-known that multidimensional indices are efficient to improve the query performance on OLAP data. As one successful multi-dimensional index structure, R*-tree, a famous member of the R-tree family, is very popular. The clustering pattern of the objects (i.e., tuples in relational tables) among R*-tree leaf nodes is one of the deceive factors on query performance of range queries (a popular kind of queries on business data). Then, how is the clustering pattern formed? In this paper, we point out that the insert algorithm of R*-tree, especially, its criterion choosing subtrees for new coming objects, determines the clustering pattern of the tuples among the leaf nodes. According to our discussion and observations, it becomes clear that the present insert algorithm of R*-tree can not lead to good clustering pattern of tuples when R*-tree is applied to business data, which greatly degrades query performance. After that, a hybrid clustering criterion for the insert algorithm of R*-tree is introduced. Our discussion and experiments indicate that query performance of R*-tree on business data is improved clearly by the new creation.


Title:

SECURING THE ENTERPRISE DATABASE

Author(s):

V. Radha, Ved P. Gulati and N. Hemanth Kumar

Abstract:

Security is gaining importance once computers became indispensable in every organization. As the new concepts like E-Governance in Government and E-Commerce in business circles etc are heading towards reality, security issues penetrated even into the legal framework of every country. Database security acts as the last line of defence to withstand insider attacks and attacks from outside even if all the security controls like perimeter, OS controls have been compromised. Data protection laws such as HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act), Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999, Data protection Act, Sarbanes Oxleys Act are demanding for the privacy and integrity of the data to an extent that the critical information should be seen only by the authorized users which means the integrity of the database must be properly accommodated. Hence, we aim at providing an interface service in between enterprise applications and enterprise database that ensures the integrity of the data. This service acts as a security wrapper around any enterprise database.


Title:

CONDITIONS FOR INTEROPERABILITY

Author(s):

Nick Rossiter and Michael Heather

Abstract:

Interoperability remains a challenging area, both at the semantic and organisational levels. The original three-level architecture for databases is replaced by a categorical four-level one, based on concepts, constructions, schema types and data and the mappings between them. Such an architecture provides natural closure as further levels are superfluous. The manipulation of the architecture is done through the Godement calculus which enables arrows at any level to be composed with each other. Two conditions have been identified for interoperability to actually be achieved. Firstly there must be no breakdown of commutativity as exhibited by punctured diagrams. Type forcing may be needed to alleviate such problems. Secondly semantic annotation needs to be at a high enough level. Heyting logic may assist in this task.


Title:

EXTENDING OBJECT ORIENTED DATABASES TO SUPPORT THE VIEWPOINT MECHANISM

Author(s):

Fouzia Benchikha and Mahmoud Boufaida

Abstract:

An important dimension in the database technology evolution is the development of advanced/sophisticated database models. In particular, the viewpoint concept receives a widespread attention. Its integration to a data model gives a flexibility for the conventional object-oriented data model and allows one to improve the modeling power of objects. On the other hand, the viewpoint concept can be used as a means to master the complexity of the current systems permitting a distributed manner to develop them. In this paper we propose a data model MVDB (Multi-Viewpoint DataBase model) that extends the object database model with the viewpoint mechanism. The viewpoint notion is used as an approach for a distributed development of a database schema, as a means for object multiple description and as a mechanism for dealing with the integrity constraint problems commonly met in distributed environment.


Title:

DATA INTEGRATION AND USER MODELLING: AN APPROACH BASED ON TOPIC MAPS AND DESCRIPTION LOGICS

Author(s):

Mourad Ouziri, Christine Verdier and André Flory

Abstract:

We present in this paper a new way about semantic data integration. We coupled a Topic Maps approach with Description Logics. We propose a Web-based interface of queries based on Topic Maps and a specification of user profiles to complete the interface. This interface adapts the data and the display to each user and guarantees the security and the confidentiality of data. The user profiles are built on description logics concepts to enhance the consistency of the profile access rights and the user affectation to profiles.


Title:

ARCO: A LONG-TERM DIGITAL LIBRARY STORAGE SYSTEM BASED ON GRID COMPUTATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE

Author(s):

Han Fei, Paulo Trezentos, Nuno Almeida, Miguel Lourenço, José Borbinha and João Neves

Abstract:

Over the past several years the large scale digital library service has undergone enormous popularity. Arco project is a digital library storage project in Portuguese National library. To a digital library storage system like ARCO system, there are several challenges, such as the availability of peta-scale storage, seamless spanning of storage cluster, administration and utilization of distributed storage and computing resources, safety and stability of data transfer, scalability of the whole system, automatic discovery and monitoring of metadata, etc. Grid computing appears as an effective technology coupling geographically distributed resources for solving large scale problems in the wide area or local area network. The ARCO system has been developed on the Grid computational infrastructure, and on the basis of various other toolkits, such as PostgreSQL, LDAP, and the Apache HTTP server. Main developing languages are C, PHP, and Perl. In this paper, we discuss the logical structure sketch of the digital library ARCO system, resources organization, metadata discovering and usage, the system's operation details and some operations examples, as also the solution of large file transfer problem in Globus grid toolkit


Title:

ADAPTING ERP SYSTEMS FOR SUPPORTING DEFENSE MAINTENANCE PROCESSES

Author(s):

Robert Pellerin

Abstract:

The defense sector represents one of the largest potential areas for new ERP sales. Many defense organizations have already implemented ERP solutions to manage and integrate the acquisition, maintenance, and support processes. This paper addresses specifically the defense maintenance management functions that need to be integrated into an ERP solution by adopting the view of a defense repair and overhaul facility. We first discuss the specific nature of the defense maintenance activities, and then we present the difficulties of integrating a maintenance strategy into an ERP solution. We finally conclude by proposing a coherent and integrated ERP structure model for the management of the defense repair and overhaul processes. The model has been partly applied in a Canadian repair and overhaul facility and adapted into the SAP R/3 software.


Title:

SEMANTIC DATABASE ENGINE DESIGN

Author(s):

Naphtali Rishe, Armando Barreto, Maxim Chekmasov, Dmitry Vasilevsky, Scott Graham, Sonal Sood and Ouri Wolfson

Abstract:

New types of data processing applications are no longer satisfied with the capabilities offered by the relational data model. One example of this phenomenon is the growing use of the Internet as a source of data. The data on the Internet is inherently non-relational. As a result, demand developed for database management systems natively built on advanced data models. The semantic binary data model (Rishe, 1992), satisfies the criteria for the models required for today’s applications by providing the ability to build rich schemas with arbitrarily flexible relationships between objects. In this paper, we discuss a new design for a semantic database management system which is based on the semantic binary data model. Our challenge was to design and implement a database engine which, while being native to the model, is reasonably efficient on a wide variety of industrial applications, and which surpasses relational systems in performance and flexibility on those applications that require non-relational modelling. Special attention is given to multi-platform support by the semantic database engine.


Title:

OBJECT ID DISTRIBUTION AND ENCODING IN THE SEMANTIC BINARY ENGINE

Author(s):

Naphtali Rishe, Armando Barreto, Maxim Chekmasov, Dmitry Vasilevsky, Scott Graham, Sonal Sood and Ouri Wolfson

Abstract:

The semantic binary engine is a database management system built on the principles of the semantic binary data model (Rishe, 1992). A semantic binary database is a set of facts about objects. Objects belong to categories, are connected by relations, and may have attributes. Since the concept of an object is at the core of the data model, upon implementation it is crucial to design efficient algorithms that allow the semantic binary engine to store, retrieve, modify and delete information about objects in the semantic database. In this paper, we discuss the concept of object IDs for object identification and methods for object ID distribution and encoding in the database. Several encoding schemes and their respective efficiencies are discussed: Truncated Identical encoding, End Flag encoding, and Length First encoding.


Title:

STORAGE TYPES IN THE SEMANTIC BINARY DATABASE ENGINE

Author(s):

Naphtali Rishe, Malek Adjouadi, Maxim Chekmasov, Dmitry Vasilevsky, Scott Graham, Dayanara Hernandez and Ouri Wolfson

Abstract:

Modern database engines support a wide variety of data types. Native support for all of the types is desirable and convenient for the database application developer, as it allows application data to be stored in the database without further conversion. However, support for each data type adds complexity to the database engine code. To achieve a compromise between convenience and complexity, the semantic binary database engine is designed to support only the binary data type in its kernel. Other data types are supported in the user-level environment by add-on modules. This solution allows us to keep the database kernel small and ensures the stability and robustness of the database engine as a whole. By providing extra database tools, it also allows application designers to get database-wide support for additional data types.


Title:

MODELING AND EXECUTING SOFTWARE PROCESSES BASED ON INTELLIGENT AGENTS

Author(s):

M. Ahmed Nacer and F. Aoussat

Abstract:

This paper presents a new approach for modeling and executing software processes based on the concept of multi-agent system. We introduce the modeling process as one of the most important goal of the agent, and we use the concept of “intelligent agent” to give more flexibility when adapting software processes to unexpected changes. This is possible thanks to the multiple capacities of the agent like autonomy and reactivity.


Title:

DATA INTEGRATION ISSUES FOR BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE INTEGRATED ENTERPRISE INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Pierre F. Tiako

Abstract:

Business Intelligence (BI) provides the ability to access any type of data inside or across enterprises and to analyze and present them as usable information. To work on business intelligence, an enterprise has to deal with important problems relating to both (1) Data integration and (2) Analysis and presentation of data for strategic decision-making. No matter what the application, the need for business intelligence applies universally. This position paper focuses on Data Integration Issues for Business Intelligence Integrated Enterprise Information Systems.


Title:

ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF INTEGRATING A MES TO AN ERP SYSTEM

Author(s):

Young B. Moon and Varun Bahl

Abstract:

Despite of claims by software vendors on positive values of an integrated MES and ERP system, there has been no systematic study conducted to assess and evaluate the impact of such an integrated system on shop floor operations. This paper presents a simulation study to evaluate the impact of the MES integration with the ERP system on production lead times. First, we describe a methodology of using a discrete event computer simulation to address an inherent problem of the Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system of handling uncertainties and unexpected events. Then, simulation study results comparing the performances of a manufacturing system with MES and a manufacturing system without MES are presented. The evaluation metric used in this simulation is the production lead time. However, the results obtained in this study can be expanded to more general situations with different evaluation metrics.


Title:

AN ARCHITECTURE FRAMEWORK FOR COMPLEX DATA WAREHOUSES

Author(s):

Jérôme Darmont, Omar Boussaïd, Jean-Christian Ralaivao and Kamel Aouiche

Abstract:

Nowadays, many decision support applications need to exploit data that are not only numerical or symbolic, but also multimedia, multistructure, multisource, multimodal, and/or multiversion. We term such data complex data. Managing and analyzing complex data involves a lot of different issues regarding their structure, storage and processing, and metadata are a key element in all these processes. Such problems have been addressed by classical data warehousing (i.e., applied to "simple" data). However, data warehousing approaches need to be adapted for complex data. In this paper, we first propose a precise, though open, definition of complex data. Then we present a general architecture framework for warehousing complex data. This architecture heavily relies on metadata and rests on the XML language, which helps storing data, metadata and domain-specific knowledge, and facilitates communication between the various warehousing processes. Finally, we enumerate the main issues in complex data warehousing.


Title:

CONTEXT ANALYSIS FOR SEMANTIC MAPPING OF DATA SOURCES USING A MULTI-STRATEGY MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH

Author(s):

Youssef Bououlid Idrissi and Julie Vachon

Abstract:

Be it on a webwide or inter-entreprise scale, data integration has become a major necessity urged by the expansion of the Internet and of its widespread use for communication between business actors. However, since data sources are often heterogeneous, their integration remains an expensive procedure. Indeed, this task requires prior semantic alignment of all the data sources concepts. Doing this alignment manually is quite laborious especially if there is a large number of concepts to be matched. Various solutions have been proposed attempting to automatize this step. This paper introduces a new framework for data sources alignment which integrates context analysis to multi-strategy machine learning. Although their adaptability and extensibility are appreciated, actual machine learning systems often suffer from the low quality and the lack of diversity of training data sets. To overcome this limitation, we introduce a new notion called ``informational context'' of data sources. We therefore briefly explain the architecture of a context analyser to be integrated into a learning system combining multiple strategies to achieve data source mapping.


Title:

METADATA PARADIGM FOR EFFECTIVE GLOBAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE MNCS

Author(s):

Longy O. Anyanwu, Gladys A. Arome and Jared Keengwe

Abstract:

Multinational business expansion and competition have escalated in the recent years, particularly in Eastern Europe and the third world. Tremendous opportunities, therefore, have been created for many companies and formidable hindrances have been amassed against others. Business failure rates among these multinational enterprises have alarmingly increased beyond expectation. So has their IT implementation. The increasing popularity and use of the Internet which businesses have little control of, are an added complication. This study identifies a matrix of mitigating factors, as well as information-base distribution mechanism, critical to successful GIT implementation in today’s multinational enterprises. The relevance and impact of these factors on the multinational businesses are discussed. Consequently, appropriate solutions for each problem are sug-gested.


Area 2 - Artificial Intelligence and Decision Support Systems
 
Title:

CLUSTERING INTERESTINGNESS MEASURES WITH POSITIVE CORREALTION

Author(s):

Xuan-Hiep Huynh, Fabrice Guillet and Henri Briand

Abstract:

Selecting interestingness measures have been an important problem in the knowledge discovery in database research. A lot of measures have been proposed to extract the knowledge from large databases and many authors have introduced the interestingness properties for selecting a good measure for an application. Some measures are good for some application but the others are not, and it is difficult to capture what are the best measures for a given data set. In this paper, we present a new approach to select the groups or clusters of objective interestingness measures that highly correlated in an application and give to the user a small group of measures naturally different in interestingness


Title:

A SYSTEM TO INTERPRET AND SUMMARISE SOME PATTERNS IN IMAGES

Author(s):

Hema Nair and Ian Chai

Abstract:

A system that is designed and implemented for automatic interpretation of some patterns in images is described in this paper. The application domain being considered for this system is remote-sensed images. Some patterns such as land, island, water body, river, fire in remote-sensed images are extracted and summarised in linguistic terms using fuzzy sets. A new graphical tool (Multimedia University’s RSIMANA-Remote-Sensing Image Analyser) developed for image analysis which is part of the system is also described in this paper. The objectives of this user-friendly graphical tool include calculation of some feature descriptors such as area, length, perimeter of irregular-shaped objects/patterns, calculation of centroid of irregular objects, and automatic classification of some of the patterns in remote-sensed images such as land, island, water body, river, fire.


Title:

SYNTHESISE WEB QUERIES: SEARCH THE WEB BY EXAMPLES

Author(s):

Vishv Malhotra, Sunanda Patro and David Johnson

Abstract:

An algorithm to synthesise a web search query from example documents is described. A user searching for information on the Web can use a rudimentary query to locate a set of potentially relevant documents. The user classifies the retrieved documents as being relevant or irrelevant to his or her needs. A query can be synthesised from these categorised documents to perform a definitive search with good recall and precision characteristics.


Title:

FUZZY PATTERN RECOGNITION BASED FAULT DIAGNOSIS

Author(s):

Rafik Bensaadi and Hayet Mouss

Abstract:

In order to avoid catastrophic situations when the dynamics of a physical system (entity in a M.A.S architecture) are evolving toward an undesirable operating mode, particular and quick safety actions have to be programmed in the control design. Classic control (PID and even state model based methods) becomes powerless for complex plants (nonlinear, MIMO and ill-defined systems). A more efficient diagnosis requires an artificial intelligence approach. We propose in this paper the design of a Fuzzy Pattern Recognition System (FPRS) that solves, in real time, the main following problems: 1 Identification of an actual state, 2 Identification of an eventual evolution towards a failure state, 3 Diagnosis and decision-making.


Title:

IMPROVEMENT ON THE INDIVIDUAL RECOGNITION SYSTEM WITH WRITING PRESSURE BASED ON RBF

Author(s):

Lina Mi and Fumiaki Takeda

Abstract:

In our previous research work, an individual recognition system with writing pressure using neuro-template of multilayer feedforward network with sigmoid function was developed. Although this system is effective on recognition for known registrant, its rejection capability for counterfeit signature is not enough for commercial use. In this paper, a new activation function is proposed to improve the counterfeit rejection performance of the system on the premise of ensuring the recognition performance for known signature. The experiment results show that the proposed activation function is effective to improve the counterfeit rejection capability of the system with keeping the recognition capability for known signature satisfying compared with the original system with sigmoid function


Title:

KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION MODELING THROUGH DIALOGUE BETWEEN COGNITIVE AGENTS

Author(s):

Mehdi Yousfi-Monod and Violaine Prince

Abstract:

The work described in this paper tackles learning and communication between cognitive artificial agents. Focus is on dialogue as the only way for agents to acquire knowledge, as it often happens in natural situations. Since this restriction has scarcely been studied as such in artificial intelligence (AI), until now, this research aims at providing a dialogue model devoted to knowledge acquisition. It allows two agents, in a ’teacher’ - ’student’ relationship, to exchange information with a learning incentive (on behalf of the ’student’). The article first defines the nature of the addressed agents, the types of relation they maintain, and the structure and contents of their knowledge base. It continues by describing the different aims of learning, their realization and the solutions provided for problems encountered by agents. A general architecture is then established and a comment on an a part of the theory implementation is given.Conclusion is about the achievements carried out and the potential improvement of this work.


Title:

HOW TO VALUE AND TRANSMIT NUCLEAR INDUSTRY LONG TERM KNOWLEDGE

Author(s):

Anne Dourgnon-Hanoune, Eunika Mercier-Laurent and Christophe Roche

Abstract:

The French nuclear industry deals with technologies which will soon be thirty years old. If such technologies are not renewed they must last for another ten years- or more if the decision is taken to keep them working. There is a risk of technological obsolescence- something which is allowed for in other national and international projects. There is also the question of constant commercial demand- something also considered elsewhere in establishing contracts. Another problem is now beginning to emerge; the continuity and transmission of knowledge and experience concerning these plants. Personnel in the energy sector are being renewed. Most current employees are due to retire in the course of this decade. How is knowledge (both of maintenance and planning) to be transmitted to the new generations ? This knowledge includes written information but also know-how and implicit working assumptions; expertise, experience, self-learning…In the United States the EPRI produced a technical dossier “Capturing high value undocumented knowledge in the Nuclear Industry. Guidelines and methods 1002896 Final report. December 2002.” The problem of knowledge of old technologies is therefore recent, but almost universal. As far as EDF knows, nobody is considering this subject in its entirety. Instead, each technology puts the emphasis on operation (and thus safety) according to a fixed timetable (ten-year visits, end of use). In this perspective the initial knowledge of Requirements can be lost. It can happen, for example, that the need for renewal can oblige the agency to carry out a costly or difficult retro-engineering project so as to recover the original knowledge and technology. If we look ahead, the policy of long term development (notably extending the life of plants) requires us to consider the life-span of the different skills and knowledge required by each environment. So it is necessary to take into account the entire life cycle of a nuclear installation. We are working on organizing all this knowledge and building an innovating solution for easy acquisition, access and sharing knowledge and experiences. First we are creating an ontology-based common language for all involved and defining some applications on Intranet. Ontology, understood as an agreed vocabulary of common terms and meanings shared by a group of people, is a means for representing craft concepts upon which knowledge can be organised and classified. We shall present one of the first applications based on the Logic Diagrams Designer's ontology whose main goals are to keep in memory the craft knowledge about relay circuits schemas and to allow accessing and retrieval information. This choice of ontology as a basis provides an easy and relevant navigation, indexing and search of documents...


Title:

AN INFORMATION SYSTEM TO PERFORM SERVICES REMOTELY FROM A WEB BROWSER

Author(s):

M.P. Cuellar, M. Delgado, W. Fajardo and R. Pérez-Pérez

Abstract:

This paper presents the development of BioMen (Biological Management Executed over Network), an Internet-managed system. By using service ontologies, the user is able to perform services remotely from a web browser. In addition, artificial intelligence techniques have been incorporated so that the necessary information may be obtained for the study of biodiversity. We have built a tool which will be of particular use to botanists and which can by accessed from anywhere in the world thanks to Internet technology. In this paper, we shall present the results and how we developed the tool.


Title:

COMBINING NEURAL NETWORK AND SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE INTO INTEGRATED APPROACH FOR BIODATA MINING

Author(s):

Keivan Kianmehr, Hongchao Zhang, Konstantin Nikolov, Tansel Özyer and Reda Alhajj

Abstract:

Bioinformatics is the science of managing, mining, and interpreting information from biological sequences and structures. In this paper, we discuss two data mining techniques that can be applied in bioinformatics: namely, Neural Networks (NN) and Support Vector Machines (SVM), and their application in gene expression classification. First, we provide description of the two techniques. Then we propose a new method that combines both SVM and NN. Finally, we present the results obtained from our method and the results obtained from SVM alone on a sample dataset.


Title:

CONSTRUCTION OF DECISION TREES USING DATA CUBE

Author(s):

Lixin Fu

Abstract:

Data classification is an important problem in data mining. The traditional classification algorithms based on decision trees have been widely used due to their fast model construction and good model understandability. However, the existing decision tree algorithms need to recursively partition dataset into subsets according to some splitting criteria i.e. they still have to repeatedly compute the records belonging to a node (called F-sets) and then compute the splits for the node. For large data sets, this requires multiple passes of original dataset and therefore is often infeasible in many applications. In this paper we present a new approach to constructing decision trees using pre-computed data cube. We use statistics trees to compute the data cube and then build a decision tree on top of it. Mining on aggregated data stored in data cube will be much more efficient than directly mining on flat data files or relational databases. Since data cube server is usually a required component in an analytical system for answering OLAP queries, we essentially provide “free” classification by eliminating the dominant I/O overhead of scanning the massive original data set. Our new algorithm generates trees of the same prediction accuracy as existing decision tree algorithms such as SPRINT and RainForest but improves performance significantly. In this paper we also give a system architecture that integrates DBMS, OLAP, and data mining seamlessly.


Title:

A RECURRENT NEURAL NETWORK RECOGNISER FOR ONLINE RECOGNITION OF HANDWRITTEN SYMBOLS

Author(s):

Bing Quan Huang and Tahar Kechadi

Abstract:

This paper presents an innovative hybrid approach for online recognition of handwritten symbols. This approach is composed of two main techniques. The first technique, based on fuzzy logic, deals with feature extraction from a handwritten stroke and the second technique, a recurrent neural network, uses the features as an input to recognise the symbol. In this paper we mainly focuss our study on the second technique. We proposed a new recurrent neural network architecture associated with an efficient learning algorithm. We describe the network and explain the relationship between the network and the Markov chains. Finally, we implemented the approach and tested it using benchmark datasets extracted from the Unipen database.


Title:

AN APPLICATION OF NON-LINEAR PROGRAMMING TO TRAIN RECURRENT NEURAL NETWORKS IN TIME SERIES PREDICTION PROBLEMS

Author(s):

M. P. Cuéllar, M. Delgado and M. C. Pegalajar

Abstract:

Artificial Neural Networks are bioinspired mathematical models that have been widely used to solve many complex problems. However, the training of a Neural Network is a difficult task since the traditional training algorithms may get trapped into local optimal solutions easily. This problem is greater in Recurrent Neural Networks, where the traditional training algorithms sometimes provide unsuitable solutions. Some evolutionary techniques have also been used to improve the training stage, and to overcome such local optimals solutions, but they have the disadvantage that the time taken to train the network is high. The objective of this work is to show that the use of some non-linear programming techniques is a good choice to train a Neural Network, since they may provide suitable solutions quickly. In the experimental section, we apply the models proposed to train an Elman Recurrent Neural Network in real Time Series Prediction problems.


Title:

AGENT-BASED INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEM FOR INTEGRATION

Author(s):

Jianping Zeng and Donghui Guo

Abstract:

More and more software applications are built on the Internet for its wide distribution, low cost at application deployment. However, for the open property of the Internet, everyone may access the resources you put on it. As a result, there are many attacks, such as Deny of Service, illegal intrusion, etc. So, the security of application becomes a serious problem. Because of the shortcoming of all kinds of firewall systems in ensuring security, intrusion detection system (IDS) becomes popular. There exist many IDS systems, and these systems mainly concentrate on network-based and host-based detection. So, they can’t be applied to application-based detection because their ability of integration with actual applications is too poor. An agent-based intrusion detection system that can be integrated into applications of enterprise information systems very well is proposed. The system architecture, agent structure, integration mechanism, etc, are mainly discussed. In such an IDS system, we focus on three kinds of agents, i.e. client agent, server agent and communication agent. And we explain how to integrate agents with access control model to achieve better security performance. And by introducing standard protocol such as KQML, IDMEF into the design of agent, a more flexible and integratable agent-based IDS is built.


Title:

A PROPERTY SPECIFICATION LANGUAGE FOR WORKFLOW DIAGNOSTICS

Author(s):

E. E. Roubtsova

Abstract:

The paper presents a declarative language for workflow property specification. The language has been developed to help analysts in formulating workflow-log properties in such a way that the properties can be checked automatically. The language is based on the Propositional Linear Temporal Logics and the structure of logs. The standard structure of logs is used when building algorithms for property checks. Our tool for property driven workflow mining combines a tool-wizard for property construction, property parsers for syntax checkers and a verifier for property verification. The tool is implemented as an independent component that can extend any process management system or any process mining tool.


Title:

A WEB-BASED ARCHITECTURE FOR INDUCTIVE LOGIC PROGRAMMING IN BIOLOGY

Author(s):

Andrei Doncescu, Katsumi Inoue, Muhammad Farmer and Gilles Richard

Abstract:

In this paper, we present a current cooperative work involving different institutes around the world. Our aim is to provide an online Inductive Logic Programming tool. This is the first step in a more complete structure for enabling e-technology for machine learning and bio-informatics. We describe the main architecture of the project and how the data will be formatted for being sent to the ILP machinery. We focus on a biological application (yeast fermentation process) due to its importance for high added value end products.


Title:

MULTI-AGENT SYSTEM FORMAL MODEL BASED ON NEGOTIATION AXIOM SYSTEM OF TEMPORAL LOGIC

Author(s):

Xia Youming, Yin Hongli and Zhao Lihong

Abstract:

In this paper we describe the formal senmatic frame and introduce the formal language LTN to express the time and the ability and right of an agent on selecting action and negotiation process in a Multi-Agent system, the change of the right over time, the free action of an agent and the time need by a agent to complete an action. Based on the above, the independent negotiation system has been further complete. In this paper, it is also addressed that the axiom system is rational, validate and negotiation reasoning logic is soundness, completeness and consistent. Key words: Negotiation Axiom, senmatic frame, Multi-Agent system, negotiation reasoning logic, temporal logic


Title:

HANDLING MULTIPLE EVENTS IN HYBRID BDI AGENTS WITH REINFORCEMENT LEARNING: A CONTAINER APPLICATION

Author(s):

Prasanna Lokuge and Damminda Alahakoon

Abstract:

Vessel berthing in a container port is considered as one of the most important application systems in the shipping industry. The objective of the vessel planning application system is to determine a suitable berth guaranteeing high vessel productivity. This is regarded as a very complex dynamic application, which can vastly benefited from autonomous decision making capabilities. On the other hand, BDI agent systems have been implemented in many business applications and found to have some limitations in observing environmental changes, adaptation and learning. We propose new hybrid BDI architecture with learning capabilities to overcome some of the limitations in the generic BDI model. A new “Knowledge Acquisition Module” (KAM) is proposed to improve the learning ability of the generic BDI model. Further, the generic BDI execution cycle has been extended to capture multiple events for a committed intention in achieving the set desires. This would essentially improve the autonomous behavior of the BDI agents, especially, in the intention reconsideration process. Changes in the environment are captured as events and the reinforcement learning techniques have been used to evaluate the effect of the environmental changes to the committed intentions in the proposed system. Finally, the Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference (ANFIS) system is used to determine the validity of the committed intentions with the environmental changes.


Title:

DEFENDING AGAINST BUSINESS CRISES WITH THE HELP OF INTELLIGENT AGENT BASED EARLY WARNING SOLUTIONS

Author(s):

Shuhua Liu

Abstract:

In the practice of business management, there is a pressing need for good information management instruments that can constantly acquire, monitor and analyze the early warning signals of business crises, thus effectively support decision makers in the early detection of crisis situations. With the development of advanced computing methods and information technology, there bring new opportunities for the construction of such instruments. In this paper, we proposed the use of business life cycle model as a larger framework of guidance for an early warning system of business crises. We also developed a framework for an intelligent agent based early warning system, and discussed the application of soft computing methods in the intelligent analysis of early warning information. This will provide a starting point for the development of intelligent agent based early warning solutions.


Title:

USER MODELLING FOR DIARY MANAGEMENT BASED ON INDUCTIVE LOGIC PROGRAMMING

Author(s):

Behrad Assadian and Heather Maclaren

Abstract:

Software agents are being produced in many different forms to carry out different tasks, with personal assistants designed to reduce the amount of effort it takes for the user to go about their daily tasks. Most personal assistants work with user preferences when working out what actions to perform on behalf of their user. This paper describes a novel approach for modelling user behaviour in the application area of Diary Management with the use of Inductive Logic Programming.


Title:

A CONCEPTION OF NEURAL NETWORKS IMPLEMENTATION IN THE MODEL OF A SELF-LEARNING VIRTUAL POWER PLANT

Author(s):

Robert Kucęba and Leszek Kiełtyka

Abstract:

The present article focuses on learning methods of self-learning organization (on the example of the virtual power plant), using artificial intelligence. There was multi-module structure of the virtual power plant model presented, in which there were automated chosen learning processes of the organization as well as decision making processes.


Title:

KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY FROM THE WEB

Author(s):

Maryam Hazman, Samhaa R. El-Beltagy, Ahmed Rafea and Salwa El-Gamal

Abstract:

The World Wide Web is a rich resource of information and knowledge. Within this resource, finding relevant answers to some given question is often a time consuming activity for a user. In the presented work we construct a web mining technique that can extract information from the web and create knowledge from it. The extracted knowledge can be used to respond more intelligently to user requests within the diagnosis domain. Our system has three main phases namely: a categorization phase, an indexing phase, and search a phase. The categorization phase is concerned with extracting important words/phrases from web pages then generating the categories included in them. The indexing phase is concerned with indexing web page sections. While the search phase interacts with the user in order to find relevant answers to their questions. The system was tested using a training web pages set for the categorization phase. Work in the indexing and search phase is still in going.


Title:

MULTIDIMENSIONAL SELECTION MODEL FOR CLASSIFICATION

Author(s):

Dymitr Ruta

Abstract:

Recent research efforts dedicated to classifier fusion have made it clear that combining performance strongly depends on careful selection of classifiers. Classifier performance depends, in turn, on careful selection of features, which on top of that could be applied to different subsets of the data. On the other hand, there is already a number of classifier fusion techniques available and the choice of the most suitable method relates back to the selection in the classifier, feature and data spaces. Despite this apparent selection multidimensionality, typical classification systems either ignore the selection altogether or perform selection along only single dimension, usually choosing the optimal subset of classifiers. The presented multidimensional selection sketches the general framework for the optimised selection carried out simultaneously on many dimensions of the classification model. The selection process is controlled by the specifically designed genetic algorithm, guided directly by the final recognition rate of the composite classifier. The prototype of the 3-dimensional fusion-classifier-feature selection model is developed and tested on some typical benchmark datasets.


Title:

MINING VERY LARGE DATASETS WITH SVM AND VISUALIZATION

Author(s):

Thanh-Nghi Do and François Poulet

Abstract:

We present a new support vector machine (SVM) algorithm and graphical methods for mining very large datasets. We develop the active selection of training data points that can significantly reduce the training set in the SVM classification. We summarize the massive datasets into interval data. We adapt the RBF kernel used by the SVM algorithm to deal with this interval data. We only keep the data points corresponding to support vectors and the representative data points of non support vectors. Thus the SVM algorithm uses this subset to construct the non-linear model. We also use interactive graphical methods for trying to explain the SVM results. The graphical representation of IF-THEN rules extracted from the SVM models can be easily interpreted by humans. The user deeply understands the SVM models’ behaviour towards data. The numerical test results are obtained on real and artificial datasets.


Title:

USING FUZZY LOGIC FOR PRICING

Author(s):

Acácio Magno Ribeiro, Luiz Biondi Neto, Pedro Henrique Gouvêa Coelho, João Carlos C. B. Soares de Mello and Lidia Angulo Meza

Abstract:

This paper deals with traditional pricing models under uncertainties. A fuzzy model is applied to the classical economical approach in order to calculate the possibilities of economical indices such as profits and losses. A realistic case study is included to illustrate a typical application of the fuzzy model to the pricing issue.


Title:

FREE SOFTWARE FOR DECISION ANALYSIS: A SOFTWARE PACKAGE FOR DATA ENVELOPMENT MODELS

Author(s):

Lidia Angulo Meza, Luiz Biondi Neto, João Carlos Correia Baptista Soares de Mello, Eliane Gonçalves Gomes and Pedro Henrique Gouvêa Coelho

Abstract:

Data Envelopment Analysis is based on linear programming problems (LPP) in order to find the efficiency of Decision Making Units (DMUs). This process can be computationally intense, as a LPP has to be run for each unit. Besides, a typical DEA LPP has a large number of redundant constraints concerning the inefficient DMUs. That results in degenerate LPPs and in some cases, multiple efficient solutions. The developed work intends to to fill out a gap in current DEA software packages i.e. the lack of a piece of software capable of producing full results in classic DEA models as well as the capability of using more advanced DEA models. The software package interface as well as the models and solution algorithms were implemented in Delphi. Both basic and advanced DEA models are allowed in the package. Besides the main module that includes the DEA models, there is an additional module containing some models for decision support such as the multicriteria model called Analytic Hierarchic Process (AHP). The developed piece of software was coined as FSDA – Free Software for Decision Analysis


Title:

KNOWLEDGE NEEDS ANALYSIS FOR E-COMMERCE IMPLEMENTATION: PEOPLE-CENTRED KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN AN AUTOMOTIVE CASE STUDY

Author(s):

John Perkins, Sharon Cox and Ann-Karin Jorgensen

Abstract:

A UK car manufacturer case study provides a focus upon the problem of aligning transactional information systems used in e-commerce with the necessary human skills and knowledge to make them work effectively. Conventional systematic approaches to analysing learning needs are identified in the case study, which identifies some shortcomings when these are applied to electronically mediated business processes. A programme of evaluation and review undertaken in the case study is used to propose alternative ways of implementing processes of developing and sharing knowledge and skills as part of the facilitation of networks of knowledge workers working with intra and inter-organisational systems. The paper concludes with a discussion on the implications of these local outcomes alongside some relevant literature in the area of knowledge management systems. This suggests that the cultural context constitutes a significant determinant of initiatives to manage, or at least influence, knowledge based skills in e-commerce applications.


Title:

EXTRACTING MOST FREQUENT CROATIAN ROOT WORDS USING DIGRAM COMPARISON AND LATENT SEMANTIC ANALYSIS

Author(s):

Zvonimir Rados, Franjo Jovic and Josip Job

Abstract:

A method for extracting root words from Croatian language text is presented. The described method is knowledge-free and can be applied to any language. Morphological and semantic aspects of the language were used. The algorithm creates morph-semantic groups of words and extract common root for every group. For morphological grouping we use digram comparison to group words depending on their morphological similarity. Latent semantic analysis is applied to split morphological groups into semantic subgroups of words. Root words are extracted from every morpho-semantic group. When applied to Croatian language text, among hundred most frequent root words, produced by this algorithm, there were 57 grammatically correct and 32 FAP (for all practical purposes) correct root words.


Title:

IMPROVED OFF-LINE INTRUSION DETECTION USING A GENETIC ALGORITHM

Author(s):

Pedro A. Diaz-Gomez and Dean F. Hougen

Abstract:

One of the primary approaches to the increasingly important problem of computer security is the Intrusion Detection System. Various architectures and approaches have been proposed including: Statistical, rule-based approaches; Neural Networks; Immune Systems; Genetics Algorithms; and Genetic Programming. This paper focuses on the development of an off-line Intrusion Detection System to analyze a Sun audit trail file. Off-line intrusion detection can be accomplished by searching audit trail logs of user activities for matches to patterns of events required for known attacks. Because such search is NP-complete, heuristic methods will need to be employed as databases of events and attacks grow. Genetic Algorithms can provide appropriate heuristic search methods. However, balancing the need to detect all possible attacks found in an audit trail with the need to avoid false positives (warnings of attacks that do not exist) is a challenge, given the scalar fitness values required by GAs. This study discusses a fitness function independent of variable parameters to overcome this problem. It also describes extending the system to account for the possibility that intrusions are either mutually exclusive or not mutually exclusive.


Title:

AN INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK FOR RESEARCH IN ORGANIZATIONAL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

Author(s):

Sabrina S. S. Fu and Matthew K. O. Lee

Abstract:

Knowledge is an important key asset to many organizations. Organizations which can manage knowledge effectively are expected to gain competitive advantage. Information technologies have been widely employed to facilitate Knowledge Management (KM). This paper reviews and synthesise the main prior conceptual and empirical literature, resulting in a comprehensive framework for research in IT-enabled KM at the organizational level. The framework aids the understanding and classification of KM related research; and the generation of potential hypotheses for future research.


Title:

A CRYPTOGRAPHIC APPROACH TO LANGUAGE IDENTIFICATION: PPM

Author(s):

Ebru Celikel

Abstract:

In this study, the adaptive statistical modeling technique called Prediction by Partial Matching (PPM) is used for written language discrimination. PPM can well serve as a cryptographic tool in that, as long as the algorithm itself is unknown to the third parties, it represents the plaintext in a hard-to-recover form by encoding it. Furthermore, PPM algorithm yields lossless compression to far better rates (in bits per character –bpc) than that of conventional compression tools. Trained version of PPM is employed for implementation. Language identification experiment results obtained on sample texts from English, French and Turkish Corpora are given. The rate of success yielded that the performance of the system is highly dependent on the diversity, as well as the target text and training text file sizes. In practice, if the training text itself is kept secret, the system would provide cryptographic security to promising degrees.


Title:

SYSTEMATIC GENERATION IN DCR EVALUATION PARADIGM : APPLICATION TO THE PROTOTYPE CLIPS SYSTEM

Author(s):

Mohamed Ahafhaf

Abstract:

In this paper we present an extension of DCR evaluation method tested on a spoken language understanding and dialog system. It should allow a deep evaluation of spoken language understanding and dialog systems. The key point of our method is the use of a linguistic typology in order to generate an evaluation corpus that covers a significant number of the linguistic phenomena we want to evaluate our system on. This allows having a more objective and deep evaluation of spoken language understanding and dialog systems.


Title:

KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT SUPPORT FOR SYSTEM ENGINEERING COMMUNITY

Author(s):

Olfa Chourabi, Mohamed Ben Ahmed and Yann Pollet

Abstract:

Knowledge is recognized as a crucial ressource in today’s knowledge intensive organizations. Creating effective Knowledge Management structures is one of the key success factors in System process improvement initiatives (like the Capability Maturity Model , Spice , Trillium , etc.). This contribution aims to provide a starting point for discussions on how to design a Knowledge Management system that support System engineering organizations. After motivating the problem domain, we introduce a conceptual architecture supporting continuous learning and reuse of all kinds of experiences from the System Engineering (SE) domain and present the underlying methodology


Title:

VISUAL SVM

Author(s):

François Poulet

Abstract:

We present a cooperative approach using both Support Vector Machine (SVM) algorithms and visualization methods. SVM are widely used today and often give high quality results, but they are used as "black-box", (it is very difficult to explain the obtained results) and cannot treat easily very large datasets. We have developed graphical methods to help the user to evaluate and explain the SVM results. The first method is a graphical representation of the separating frontier quality (it is presented for the SVM case, but can be used for any other boundary like decision tree cuts, regression lines, etc). Then it is linked with other graphical methods to help the user explaining SVM results. The information provided by these graphical methods can also be used in the SVM parameter tuning stage. These graphical methods are then used together with automatic algorithms to deal with very large datasets on standard personal computers. We present an evaluation of our approach with the UCI and the Kent Ridge Bio-medical data sets.


Title:

SYMBOLIC KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION IN TRANSCRIPT BASED TAXONOMIES

Author(s):

Philip Windridge, Bernadette Sharp and Geoff Thompson

Abstract:

The aim of this paper is to introduce a design for the taxonomical representation of participants’ instantial meaning-making, as the basis for providing a measure of ambiguity and contestation, during a social activity from which a transcript has been produced. We use hyponymy and meronymy as the basis for our taxonomies and adopt the System Network formalism as the basis for their representation. We achieve an integration of transcript and taxonomy using an XML based ‘satellite’ system of data storage which allows for the addition of an unlimited number of analyses stored using the same system. This is possible because of the separation of transcript content data from metadata. Content data forms a ‘Root’ document which can then ‘mapped’ to by an arbitrary number of ‘Descriptor’ documents. As a minimum configuration, Transcript Based Taxonomies require a Root document, a Taxonomy Descriptor and a document containing transcript specific data called an SLA Descriptor. This system automatically confers instantial meanings by mapping Descriptor document elements to elements in the Root. Subsequent references to Root elements automatically include all other mappings to that Root element. Part of this mapping also includes the sequence of Root elements, accommodating the diachronic representation of meaning-making. Together with a number of methods that identify specific areas of ambiguity and contestation, which use attributes in the Taxonomy Descriptor XML elements, this diachronic representation provides the basis for measuring ambiguity and contestation.


Title:

ENTERPRISE ANTI-SPAM SOLUTION BASED ON MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH

Author(s):

Igor Mashechkin, Mikhail Petrovskiy and Andrey Rozinkin

Abstract:

Spam-detection systems based on traditional methods have several obvious disadvantages like low detection rate, necessity to regularly update knowledge bases, absence of personalization. New intelligent methods for spam detection that use statistical and machine-learning algorithms solve these problems successfully. But these methods are not wide-used in spam classification for enterprise-level mail servers because of their high resources consumption and insufficient accuracy in terms of false-positive errors. In this paper we present the solution based on precise and fast algorithm, classification quality of which is better than Naïve-Bayes method’s that is most widespread now. The problem of time efficiency that is typical for learning algorithms is solved using multi-agent architecture that allows easily scale system and build uniform corporate system for spam detection based on heterogeneous enterprise mail system. Pilot program implementation and its experimental evaluation for standard data sets, and on real flows of mail have demonstrated that our approach outperforms existing learning and traditional methods of spam filtering. That allows to consider it as a promising platform for construction of enterprise spam filtering systems.


Title:

A SURVEY OF CASE-BASED DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEMS FOR MACHINES

Author(s):

Erik Olsson

Abstract:

Electrical and mechanical equipment such as gearboxes in an industrial robot or electronic circuits in an industrial printer sometimes fail to operate as intended. The faulty component can be hard to locate and replace and it might take a long time to get an enough experienced technician to the spot. In the meantime thousands of dollars may be lost due to a delayed production. Systems based on case-based reasoning are well suited to prevent this kind of hold in the production. Their ability to reason from past cases and to learn from new ones is a powerful method to use when a failure in a machine occurs. The system is able to automatically search its library of past cases and propose a solution to the problem. A less experienced technician can use this solution and quickly repair the machine. Case-based reasoning systems used for diagnosis of machines is a young field of research and it shows promising results for the future


Title:

A BAYESIAN NETWORKS STRUCTURAL LEARNING ALGORITHM BASED ON A MULTIEXPERT APPROACH

Author(s):

Francesco Colace, Massimo De Santo, Mario Vento and Pasquale Foggia

Abstract:

The determination of Bayesian network structure, especially in the case of large domains, can be complex, time consuming and imprecise. Therefore, in the last years, the interest of the scientific community in learning Bayesian network structure from data is increasing. This interest is motivated by the fact that many techniques or disciplines, as data mining, text categorization, ontology building, can take advantage from structural learning. In literature we can find many structural learning algorithms but none of them provides good results in every case or dataset. In this paper we introduce a method for structural learning of Bayesian networks based on a multiexpert approach. Our method combines the outputs of five structural learning algorithms according to a majority vote combining rule. The combined approach shows a performance that is better than any single algorithm. We present an experimental validation of our algorithm on a set of “de facto” standard networks, measuring performance both in terms of the network topological reconstruction and of the correct orientation of the obtained arcs.


Title:

A BAYESIAN APPROACH FOR AUTOMATIC BUILDING LIGHTWEIGHT ONTOLOGIES FOR E-LEARNING ENVIRONMENT

Author(s):

Francesco Colace, Massimo De Santo, Mario Vento and Pasquale Foggia

Abstract:

In the last decade the term “Ontology” has become a fashionable word inside the Knowledge Engineering Community. Although there are several methodologies and methods for building ontologies they are not fully mature if we compare them with software and knowledge engineering techniques. In literature the main approaches to solve this problem aim to facilitate manual ontology engineering by providing natural language processing tools or skeleton methods. Other approaches rely on machine learning and automated language processing techniques in order to extract concepts and relations from structured or unstructured data such as databases and text. This second approach is more interesting and fashionable but shows very poor results. On the other hand the concept of ontology is not unique. In this paper we propose a novel approach for building university curricula ontology through analysis of real data: answers of students to final course tests. In this paper the term ontology means Lightweight Ontology: a taxonomy with more semantic value In fact teachers design these tests keeping in mind the main topics of course knowledge domain and their semantic relation. The ontology building is accomplished by means of Bayesian Networks. The proposed method is composed by two steps: the first one uses a structural learning multi-expert system in order to build a Bayesian Network from data analysis. In the second step the obtained Bayesian Network is translated in the course ontology. This approach can be useful for performing subsequent inference and knowledge extraction tasks as for example the updating of lesson’s sequencing in e-learning environment or for improving intelligent tutoring systems performance.


Title:

A CLUSTER FRAMEWORK FOR DATA MINING MODELS - AN APPLICATION TO INTENSIVE MEDICINE

Author(s):

Manuel Santos, João Pereira and Álvaro Silva

Abstract:

Clustering is a technique widely applied in Data Miming problems due to the granularity, accuracy and adjustment of the models induced. Although the referred results, this approach generates a considerable large set of models which difficult the application to new cases. This paper presents a framework to deal with the enounced problem supported by a three-dimensional matrix structure. The usability and benefits of this instrument are demonstrated trough a case study in the area of intensive medicine.


Title:

QUALITY CONTENT MANAGEMENT FOR E-LEARNING: GENERAL ISSUES FOR A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM

Author(s):

Erla Morales and Francisco García

Abstract:

In today’s world, reusable learning object concepts and standards for their treatment represent an advantage for knowledge management systems to whatever kind of business which supports an on-line system. Users are able to manage and reuse content according to their needs without interoperability problems. The possibility of importing learning objects for e-learning aim to increase their information repository but the learning object quality is not guaranteed. Due to the great importance of knowledge and its suitable management for e-learning, this work proposes a system to manage quality learning objects or units of learning to support teachers to select the best content to structure their course. To achieve this we suggest two subsystems: First, an importation, normalization and evaluation subsystem; and second, a selection, delivery and post evaluation subsystem.


Title:

INTELLIGENT SOLUTION EVALUATION BASED ON ALTERNATIVE USER PROFILES

Author(s):

Georgios Bardis, Georgios Miaoulis and Dimitri Plemenos

Abstract:

The MultiCAD platform is a system that accepts the declarative description of a scene (e.g. a building) as input and generates the geometric descriptions that comply with the specific description. Its goal is to facilitate the transition from the intuitive hierarchical decomposition of the scene to its concrete geometric representation. The aim of the present work is to provide the existing system with an intelligent module that will capture, store and apply user preferences in order to eventually automate the task of solution selection. A combination of two components based on decision support and artificial intelligence methodologies respectively are currently being implemented. A method is also proposed for the fair and efficient comparison of the results.


Title:

IMPLEMENTATION OF A HYBRID INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEM USING FUZZYJESS

Author(s):

Aly El–Semary, Janica Edmonds, Jesús González and Mauricio Papa

Abstract:

This paper describes an implementation of a fuzzy logic inference engine that is used as a part of a Hybrid Fuzzy Logic Intrusion Detection System. A data-mining algorithm is used off-line to produce fuzzy-logic rules and capture features of interest in network traffic. Using an inference engine, the intrusion detection system evaluates these rules and gives network administrators indications of the firing strength of the ruleset. The inference engine implementation is based on the Java Expert System Shell (Jess) from Sandia National Laboratories and FuzzyJess available from the National Research Council of Canada. Examples and experimental results using data sets from MIT Lincoln Laboratory demonstrate the potential of the approach.


Title:

A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM BASED ON NEURO-FUZZY SYSTEM FOR RAILROAD MAINTENANCE PLANNING

Author(s):

Michele Ottomanelli, Mauro Dell’Orco and Domenico Sassanelli

Abstract:

Optimization of Life Cycle Cost (LCC), related to the railroad maintenance, is one of the main goals of the railways managers. To obtain the best possible balance between safety and operating costs, “on condition” maintenance is more and more used; that is, a maintenance intervention is planned only when and where necessary. Nowadays, the conditions of railways are monitored through special diagnostic trains: such trains, like Archimede, the diagnostic train of Italian National Railways, measure simultaneously every 50 cm a number of dozens of characteristic quantities. Therefore, they provide with a vast amount of data, to be analyzed through an appropriate Decision Support System (DSS), in order to plan an efficient on condition maintenance. However, even the most up-to-date DSSs have some drawbacks: first of all, they are based on a binary logic with rigid thresholds, restricting their flexibility in use; additionally, they adopt considerable simplifications in the rail track deterioration model. In this paper, we present a DSS able to overcome these drawbacks: based on fuzzy logic, it is able to handle thresholds expressed as a range, an approximate number or even a verbal value; moreover, through artificial neural networks it is possible to obtain more likely the rail track deterioration models. The proposed model can analyze the data available for a given portion of rail-track and then it plans the maintenance, optimizing the avail-able resources.


Title:

SCENARIO MANAGEMENT: PROCESS AND SUPPORT

Author(s):

M. Daud Ahmed and David Sundaram

Abstract:

Scenario planning is a widely accepted management tool for decision support activities. Scenario planning, development, organisation, analysis, and evaluation are generally quite complex processes. Systems that purport to support these processes are complex and difficult to use and do not fully support all phases of scenario management. Though traditional Decision Support Systems (DSS) provide strong database, modelling and visualisation capabilities for the decision maker they do not explicitly support scenario management well. This paper presents an integrated life cycle approach for scenario driven flexible decision support. The proposed processes help the decision maker with idea generation, scenario planning, development, organisation, analysis, and execution. We also propose a generalised scenario evaluation process that allows homogeneous and heterogeneous scenario comparisons. This research develops a domain independent, component-based, modular framework and architecture that support the proposed scenario management process. The framework and architecture have been validated through a concrete prototype.


Title:

TRANSFERRING PROBLEM SOLVING STRATEGIES FROM THE EXPERT TO THE END USERS - SUPPORTING UNDERSTANDING

Author(s):

Anne Håkansson

Abstract:

To support sharing knowledge between people in an organisation, new types of systems are needed to transfer domain knowledge and problem solving strategies from an expert to end users and thereby making the knowledge available and applicable in a specific domain. However, to make the knowledge available these systems usually use a small number of views for displaying the contents of the system but the end users may use several different views. Moreover to apply the knowledge in the organisation, the systems need a way of illustrating the reasoning strategies involved in an interpretation of the knowledge to reach conclusions. One solution is to incorporate different diagrams knowledge management systems to facilitate the user’s grasping of the knowledge and the strategies. This paper describes the manners knowledge management systems can facilitate transferring problem solving strategies from a domain expert to different kinds of end users. To this objective, we suggest using visualisation and graphical diagrams together with simulation to support transferring problem solving strategies from a domain expert to end users. Visualisation can support end users to follow the reasoning strategy of the system more easily (Håkansson 2003:a; Håkansson 2003:b). This visualisation includes static presentation and dynamic presentation of rules and facts in the knowledge base, which are used during execution of the system. The static illustrates how different rules are statically related in sequence diagram of the Unified Modelling Language (UML). The dynamic visualises the rules used and the facts relevant to a specific consultation, i.e., the presentation depends on the input inserted by the users. This is illustrated in collaboration diagram of the UML. The dynamic presentation is also to be used to simulate of the reasoning strategy for particular session.


Title:

CLINICAL DECISION SUPPORT BY TIME SERIES CLASSIFICATION USING WAVELETS

Author(s):

Markus Nilsson, Peter Funk and Ning Xiong

Abstract:

Clinicians do sometimes need help with diagnoses, or simply need reinsurance that they make the right decision. This could be provided to the clinician in the form of a decision support system. We have designed and implemented a decision support system for the classification of time series. The system is called HR3Modul and is designed to assist clinicians in the diagnosis of respiratory sinus arrhythmia. Two parallel streams of physiological time series are analysed for the classification task. Patterns are retrieved from one of the time series by the support of the other time series. These patterns are transformed with wavelets and matched for similarity by Case-Based Reasoning. Pre-classified patterns are stored and are used as knowledge in the system. The amount of patterns that have to be matched for similarity is reduced by a clustering technique. In this paper, we show that classification of physiological time series by wavelets is a viable option for clinical decision support.


Title:

SOFTWARE MAINTENANCE EXPERT SYSTEM (SMXPERT) - A DECISION SUPPORT INSTRUMENT

Author(s):

Alain April and Jean-Marc Desharnais

Abstract:

Maintaining and supporting the software of an organization is not an easy task, and software maintainers do not currently have access to tools to evaluate strategies for improving the specific activities of software maintenance. This article presents a knowledge-based system which helps in locating best practices in a software maintenance capability maturity model (SMmm). The contributions of this paper are: 1) to instrument the maturity model with a support tool to aid software maintenance practitioners in locating specific best practices; and 2) to describe the knowledge-based approach and system overview used by the research team.


Title:

STRATEGIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS ALIGNMENT - A DECISION SUPPORT APPLICATION FOR THE INTERNET ERA

Author(s):

David Lanc and Lachlan MacKinnon

Abstract:

Strategic information systems planning, SISP, methods have proven organisationally complex to utilise, despite 40 years of research and evolution of Information Systems, IS, in the organisational context. The diverse nature of organisational strategy and environmental factors have been mooted as primary causes. On one hand, confusion exists in the literature due to divergent, deficient definitions of SISP. On the other, a lack of distinction exists between SISP as a planning process, and the broader alignment of organisational direction with the IS capability that provides the context for sustainable IS intellectual and cultural integration. Consequently, no methods or models for alignment of IS and organisational activities exist that have both validity in the literature and sustainability in practice. HISSOM (Holistic Information Systems Strategy for Organisational Management) is a practical, holistic model that co-ordinates and facilitates cohesive alignment of organisational needs and the IS capability required to meet those needs, at (1) stakeholder; (2) feedback metrics; (3) strategy and change management; and (4) organisational culture and capability levels. HISSOM was initially developed as a logical extension of the IS-alignment literature, and has been validated by action research in several significant studies in different industries, markets and organisational settings. The HISSOM model has been revised in the light of these studies, and a practical, Web-based decision support application, the HISSOM Decision Support Advisor, HDSA, is now under development, to promote wider use of the model and obtain evolutionary feedback from the user community. A synthesis of the development of HISSOM and work on designing the HDSA architecture is described, together with the impact of this research on extending the field of SISP and IS-alignment.


Title:

USING DMFSQL FOR FINANCIAL CLUSTERING

Author(s):

Ramón Alberto Carrasco, María Amparo Vila and José Galindo

Abstract:

At present we have a dmFSQL server available for Oracle© Databases, programmed in PL/SQL. This server allows us to query a Fuzzy or Classical Database with the dmFSQL language (Data Mining Fuzzy SQL) for any data type. The dmFSQL language is an extension of the SQL language, which permits us to write flexible (or fuzzy) conditions in our queries to a fuzzy or traditional database. In this paper we propose the use of the dmFSQL language for fuzzy queries as one of the techniques of Data Mining which can be used to obtain the clustering results in real time. This enables us to evaluate the process of extraction of information (Data Mining) at both a practical and a theoretical level (aplications in some Spanish Saving Banks). We present a new version of the prototype, called DAPHNE, for clustering wich use dmFSQL. We consider that this model satisfies the requirements of Data Mining systems (handling of different types of data, high-level language, efficiency, certainty, interactivity, etc) and this new level of personal configuration makes the system very useful and flexible


Title:

EXECUTION OF IMPERATIVE NATURAL LANGUAGE REQUISITIONS BASED ON UNL INTERLINGUA AND SOFTWARE COMPONENTS

Author(s):

Flávia Linhalis and Dilvan de Abreu Moreira

Abstract:

This paper describes the use of an Interlingua as a new approach to the execution of imperative natural language (NL) requisitions. Our goal is to embed a natural language interface into applications to allow the execution of users requisitions, described in natural language, through the activation of specific software components. The advantage of our approach is that natural language requisitions are first converted to an interlingua, UNL (Universal Networking Language), before the suitable components, methods and arguments are retrieved to execute each requisition. The interlingua allows the use of different human languages in the requisition (other systems are restricted to English). The NL-UNL conversion is preformed by the HERMETO system. In this paper, we also describe SeMaComp (Semantic Mapping between UNL relations and Components), a module that extracts semantic relevant information from UNL sentences and uses this information to retrieve the appropriated software components.


Title:

WEB USAGE MINING USING ROUGH AGGLOMERATIVE CLUSTERING

Author(s):

Pradeep Kumar, P. Radha Krishna, Supriya Kumar De and S. Bapi Raju

Abstract:

Tremendous growth of the web world incorporates application of data mining techniques to the web logs. Data Mining and World Wide Web encompasses an important and active area of research. Web log mining is analysis of web log files with web pages sequences. Web mining is broadly classified as web content mining, web usage mining and web structure mining. Web usage mining is a techniques to discover usage patterns from Web data, in order to understand and better serve the needs of Web-based applications. This paper demonstrates a rough set based upper similarity approximation method to cluster the web usage pattern. Results were presented using clickstream data to illustrate our technique.


Title:

A LINGUISTIC FUZZY METHOD TO STUDY ELECTRICITY MARKET AGENTS

Author(s):

Santiago Garcia-Talegon and Juan Moreno-Garcia

Abstract:

The aim of this paper is to study the behavior of the agents that participate in the Spanish electricity market, for this purpose, the data that the Market Operator provides us after the period of confidentiality are analyzed. The objective is to know the operation to simulate the offerings of blocks the some of them. Market participants are companies authorized to participate in the electricity production market as electricity buyers and sellers. The economic management of the electricity market is entrusted to Iberico Market Operator of Energy (MO). A fuzzy method has been created. It is based on the hour and in the matches obtained of the previous day at this hour, and it is capable of model the behavior that is going to have an agent of the electric market in each hour.


Title:

A METHODOLOGY FOR INTELLIGENT E-MAIL MANAGEMENT

Author(s):

Francisco P. Romero, Jose A. Olivas and Pablo Garcés

Abstract:

We present, in the context of the intelligent Information Retrieval, a soft-computing based methodology that enables the efficient e-mail management. We use fuzzy logic technologies and a data mining process for automatic classification of large amounts of e-mails in a folder organization. It is also presented a process to deal with the incoming messages to keep the achieved structure. The aim is to make possible an optimum exploitation of the information contained in these messages. Therefore, we apply Fuzzy Deformable Prototypes for the knowledge representation. The effectiveness of the method has been proved by applying these techniques in an IR system. The documents considered are composed by a set of e-mail messages produced by some distribution lists with different subjects and languages.


Title:

ANATOMY OF A SECURE AND SCALABLE MULTIAGENT SYSTEM FOR EVENT CAPTURE AND CORRELATION

Author(s):

Timothy Nix, Kenneth Fritzsche and Fernando Maymi

Abstract:

Event monitoring and correlation across a large network is inherently difficult given limitations in processing with regards to the huge quantity of generated data. Multiple agent systems allow local processing of events, with certain events or aggregate statistics being reported to centralized data stores for further processing and correlation by other agents. This paper presents a framework for a secure and scalable multiagent system for distributed event capture and correlation. We will look at what requirements are necessary to implement a generic multiagent system from the abstract view of the framework itself. We will propose an architecture that meets these requirements. Then, we provide some possible applications of the multiagent network within the described framework.


Title:

PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL IN LOGISTICS SERVICE PROVIDING

Author(s):

Elfriede Krauth, Hans Moonen, Viara Popova and Martijn Schut

Abstract:

Planning is the process of assigning individual tasks to resources at a certain point in time. Initially a manual job, however, in the past decades information systems have largely overtaken this role, especially in industries such as (road-) logistics. This paper focuses on the performance parameters and objectives that play a role in the planning process. In order to gain insight in the factors that should play a role when designing a new software system for Logistical Service Providers (LSPs). Therefore we study the area of Key Performance Indicators (KPI). Typically, KPIs are used in a post-ante context: to evaluate the past performance of a company. We reason that KPIs could be utilized in the planning phase as well. The paper describes the extended literature survey that we performed, and introduces a novel framework that captures the dynamics of competing KPIs, by positioning them in the practical context of an LSP. This framework could be valuable input in the design of agent-based information systems, capable of incorporating the business dynamics of today’s LSPs.


Title:

DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Author(s):

Deidre E. Paris

Abstract:

This research used neural networks to develop a decision support system, and model the relationship between one’s living environment and residential satisfaction. Residential satisfaction was investigated at two affordable housing multifamily rental properties located in Atlanta, Georgia. The neural network was trained using data from Defoors Ferry Manor and the network was validated using data from Moores Mill. The neural network accurately categorized ninety-eight percent of the cases in the training set and ninety-three percent of the cases in the validation test set. This research represents a first attempt to use neural networking to model the relationship between one’s living environment and residential satisfaction.


Title:

KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS - A PARTNERSHIP FOR THE FUTURE

Author(s):

José Braga de Vasconcelos, Paulo Castro Seixas, Paulo Gens Lemos and Chris Kimble

Abstract:

This paper explores Knowledge Management (KM) practices for use with portal technologies in Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). The aim is to help NGOs become true CSOs (Civil Society Organizations). In order to deal with (at the top) more donors and (at the bottom) more beneficiaries, NGO’s working in Humanitarian Aid and Social Development will increasingly require a system to manage the creation, accessing and deployment information: within the NGOs themselves, between different NGO’s that work together and, ultimately, between NGOs and Civil Society as a whole.Put simply, NGOs are organizations that need an effective KM solution to tackle the problems that arise from both their local-global nature and from the difficulties of ensuring effective communication between and within NGO’s and Civil Society. To address these problems, the underlying objectives, entities, activities, workflow and processes of the NGO will be considered from a KM framework. Thus, this paper presents the needs of a responsible, cooperative and participative NGO from a KM perspective, in order to promote the growth of Communities of Practice in local as well as in global network. Viewed in this way we believe that KM will become an engine to turn NGOs into CSOs.


Title:

DISTRIBUTED COMMUNITY COOPERATION IN MULTI AGENT FILTERING FRAMEWORK

Author(s):

Sahin Albayrak and Dragan Milosevic

Abstract:

In nowadays easy to produce and publish information society, filtering services have to be able to simultaneously search in many potentially relevant distributed sources, and to autonomously combine only the best found results. Ignoring a necessity to address information retrieval tasks in a distributed manner is a major drawback for many existed search engines which try to survive the ongoing information explosion. The essence of a proposed solution for performing distributed filtering is in both installing filtering communities around information sources and setting a comprehensive cooperation mechanism, which both takes care about how promising is each particular source and tries to improve itself during a runtime. The applicability of the presented cooperation among communities is illustrated in a system serving as intelligent personal information assistant (PIA). Experimental results show that integrated cooperation mechanisms successfully eliminate long lasting filtering jobs with duration over 1000 seconds, and they do that within an acceptable decrease in feedback and precision values of only 3% and 6%, respectively.


Title:

USING ENSEMBLE AND LEARNING TECHNIQUES TOWARDS EXTENDING THE KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY PIPELINE

Author(s):

Sakthiaseelan Karthigasoo, Yu-N Cheah and Selvakumar Manickam

Abstract:

Knowledge discovery presents itself as a very useful technique to transform enterprise data into actionable knowledge. However, their effectiveness is limited in view that it is difficult to develop a knowledge discovery pipeline that is suited for all types of datasets. Moreover, it is difficult to select the best possible algorithm for each stage of the pipeline. In this paper, we define (a) a novel clustering ensemble algorithm based on self-organizing maps to automate the annotation of un-annotated medical datasets; (b) a data discretization algorithm based on Boolean Reasoning to discretize continuous data values; (c) a rule filtering mechanism; and (d) to extend the regular knowledge discovery process by including a learning mechanism based on neural network ensembles to produce a neural knowledge base for decision support. We believe that this would result a decision support system that is tolerant towards ambiguous queries, e.g. with incomplete inputs. We also believe that the boosting and aggregating features of ensemble techniques would help to compensate for any shortcomings in some stages of the pipeline. Ultimately, we combine these efforts to produce an extended knowledge discovery pipeline.


Title:

SITUATION ASSESSMENT WITH OBJECT ORIENTED PROBABILISTIC RELATIONAL MODELS

Author(s):

Catherine Howard and Markus Stumptner

Abstract:

This paper presents a new Object Oriented Probabilistic Relational language which is built upon the Bangsø Object Oriented Bayesian Network framework. We are currently studying the application of this language for situation assessment in complex military and business domains.


Title:

FACIAL POLYGONAL PROJECTION - A NEW FEATURE EXTRACTING METHOD TO HELP IN NEURAL FACE DETECTION

Author(s):

Adriano Martins Moutinho, Antonio Carlos Gay Thomé and Pedro Henrique Gouvêa Coelho

Abstract:

Locating the position of a human face in a photograph is likely to be a very complex task, requiring several image and signal processing methods. This paper proposes a new technique called polygonal facial projection that is able, by measuring specific distances on the image, to extract relevant features and improve efficiency of neural face identification systems (Rowley, 1999) (xxx and yyy, 2004), facilitating the separation of facial patterns from other objects present in the image.


Title:

USING A GAME THEORETICAL APPROACH FOR EXPERIMENTAL SIMULATION OF BROOD REDUCTION - CONFLICT AND CO-OPERATION, EFFECT ON BROOD SIZE WITH LIMITED RESOURCES

Author(s):

Fredrik Åhman and Lars Hillström

Abstract:

A number of hypothesis have been presented to explain the complex interactions occurring during brood reduction, but few simulation models successfully combines hypothesis together necessary to describe ESS. In our solution we present a simple experimental simulation for brood reduction for which each sibling act as an autonomous agent that has the ability to initiate actions for co-operation and competition against others chicks within the same brood. Agents have a limited set of actions which can be activated during onset of some environmental condition. Parameters for optimization of inclusive fitness is based on Mocks[5] earlier theory for maximizing inclusive fitness. During the experimental simulations we have studied sizes and fitness measures with varying degree of asynchrony, prey intensity and aggressiveness for siblings within the artificial brood. All siblings were assumed to be full sibs with relatedness 0.5. Results from the experimental simulation shows some interesting similarities with brood reduction in a real world setting. Agents within the artificial brood respond with competitiveness whenever resources are limited. Simulated later hatching also showed a lower rate of survival because of conflicts with older siblings.


Title:

TOWARDS A CHANGE-BASED CHANCE DISCOVERY

Author(s):

Zhiwen Wu and Ahmed Y. Tawfik

Abstract:

This paper argues that chances (risks or opportunities) can be discovered from our daily observations and background knowledge. A person can easily identify chances in a news article. In doing so, the person combines the new information in the article with some background knowledge. Hence, we develop a deductive system to discover relative chances of particular chance seekers. This paper proposes a chance discovery system that uses a general purpose knowledge base and specialized reasoning algorithms.


Title:

REDUCING RISK IN THE ENTERPRISE: PROPOSAL FOR A HYBRID AUDIT EXPERT SYSTEM

Author(s):

Susan Clemmons and Kenneth Henry

Abstract:

This paper theorizes the use of a hybrid expert system to support a complete audit of financial statements for an enterprise. The expert system proposed would support the audit process by using two types of artificial intelligence technologies: case-based reasoning and fuzzy logic technologies. The case base and automated reasoning recommendations would give the auditing firm another insight on the audit. Unlike previous audit expert systems, this system is intended to focus broadly on an enterprise’s entire financial statement audit process; it combines a case based knowledge representation with fuzzy logic processing. The attempt at capturing a wide domain is necessary to support organizational decision-making. Focusing on narrow decision points within an audit process limits the users and usefulness of the system.


Area 3 - Information Systems Analysis and Specification
 
Title:

PILOTING SOFTWARE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE’S SOFTWARE PROCESS IMPROVEMENT IN INFORMATION SYSTEMS GROUPS

Author(s):

Donald R. Chand

Abstract:

Although the Software Engineering Institute’s (SEI) software process improvement has been successfully used to improve the software development capabilities by software groups in commercial, aerospace, and DOD subcontractor organizations, the systems/applications development groups in Information Systems (IS) organizations have been slow in embracing the SEI approach. This paper describes the experience of piloting the SEI process improvement with six different IS groups in the Information Management and Technology (IM&T) division of a XYZ Corporation. The lessons learned provide an understanding of potential barriers for adopting the SEI approach in IS organizations


Title:

EARLY DETECTION OF COTS FUNCTIONAL SUITABILITY FOR AN E-PAYMENT CASE STUDY

Author(s):

Alejandra Cechich and Mario Piattini

Abstract:

The adoption of COTS-based development brings with it many challenges about the identification and finding of candidate components for reuse. Particularly, the first stage in the identification of COTS candidates is currently carried out dealing with unstructured information on the Web, which makes the evaluation process highly costing when applying complex evaluation criteria. To facilitate the process, in this paper we introduce an early measurement procedure for functional suitability of COTS candidates, and we illustrate the proposal by evaluating components for an e-payment case study.


Title:

BRAIL – SAFETY REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS

Author(s):

Jean-Louis Boulanger

Abstract:

In the European railways standards (CENELEC EN 50126, (1999); EN 50128, (2001); EN 50129, (2000)), it is required to obtain evidence of safety in system requirements specifications. In the railway domain, safety requirements are obviously severe. It is very important to keep requirements traceability during software development process even if the different used models are informal, semi formal or formal. This study is integrated into a larger one that aims at linking an informal approach (UML notation) to a formal (B method) one.


Title:

TOWARDS A META MODEL FOR BUSINESS PROCESS CONCEPTS

Author(s):

Boriana Rukanova, Mehmet N. Aydin, Kees van Slooten and Robert A. Stegwee

Abstract:

Although there have been attempts to identify essential business process concepts and to create a meta model of business process concepts, the current studies do not include an explicit approach on how to identify these concepts. Further, how to construct such a meta model and how to include new elements to it remains implicit. This paper presents an approach on how to construct a meta model for business process concepts. The approach defines how to capture and define business process concepts, how to construct a meta model using these concepts and how to extend the meta model. The paper also illustrates how to apply the approach. The actual construction of the meta model for business process concepts is a subject of further research.


Title:

BUILDING CLASS DIAGRAMS SYSTEMATICALLY

Author(s):

M. J. Escalona and J. L. Cavarero

Abstract:

The class diagram has become more important since the object-oriented paradigm has acquired more acceptance. This importance has been translated also in the new field of web engineering. However, in a lot of cases, it is not easy to get the best class diagram in a problem. For this reason, it is necessary to offer systematic processes (as cheaper and easier as possible) to give a suitable reference to the development team. This work presents two different processes developed in the University of Nice and in the University of Seville and applies them to the same problem comparing the results and getting some important conclusions.


Title:

DESIGN OF A STANDOFF OBJECT-ORIENTED MARKUP LANGUAGE (SOOML) FOR ANNOTATING BIOMEDICAL LITERATURE

Author(s):

Jing Ding and Daniel Berleant

Abstract:

With the rapid growth of electronically available scientific literature, text mining is attracting increasing attention. While numerous algorithms, tools, and systems have been developed for extracting information from text, little effort has been focused on how to mark up the information. We present the design of a standoff, object-oriented markup language (called SOOML), which is simple, expressive, flexible, and extensible, satisfying the demanding needs of biomedical text mining.


Title:

SPECIFICATION OF E-COMMERCE SYSTEMS USING THE UMM MODELLING METHODOLOGY

Author(s):

Ioannis Ignatiadis and Konstantinos Tarabanis

Abstract:

UN/CEFACT (United Nations / Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business) Modelling Methodology – in short UMM – has been developed by the TMWG (Technical Modelling Working Group) within UN/CEFACT, in order to support the development of e-business applications in a technology-neutral, implementation-independent manner. The purpose of this paper is to provide the results from an EU co-funded project, entitled “LAURA”, where UMM was used for the analysis and design of the e-commerce system to be developed. The goal of the ‘LAURA” project is to set-up adaptive zones of B2B electronic commerce for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) from the Less Favoured Regions of Europe. In particular, an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of UMM will be carried out, as those were evidenced from a practical perspective in the “LAURA” project.


Title:

WHAT CAN ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS GIVE TO REQUIREMENT ANALYS? DEVELOPING AN INFORMATION SYSTEM IN HOSPITAL EMERGENCY DEPARTMENTS

Author(s):

Anne De Vos, Claire Lobet-Maris and Anne Rousseau

Abstract:

This paper presents an overview of the analytical framework we apply to organizational change in regard to the development of information systems. A 3-dimensional way of thinking is proposed, based on theory and methods taken from the literature on organizations, especially the organized action political theory developed by Crozier and Friedberg (1977, 1993) and the theory of the “ Economics of Worth ” as presented in Boltanski and Thevenot (1991). The first part of this paper will present the conceptual framework of our approach to the question : which organizational changes are inherent in the development of new information systems ? In the second part, we will put the framework into operation. The method raise a question regarding the role social sciences should play in the design of information systems.


Title:

PRESERVING THE CONTEXT OF INTERRUPTED BUSINESS PROCESS ACTIVITIES

Author(s):

Sarita Bassil, Stefanie Rinderle, Rudolf Keller, Peter Kropf and Manfred Reichert

Abstract:

The capability to safely interrupt business process activities is an important requirement for advanced process-aware information systems. Indeed, exceptions stemming from the application environment often appear while one or more application-related process activities are running. Safely interrupting an activity consists of preserving its context, i.e., saving the data associated with this activity. This is important since possible solutions for an exceptional situation are often based on the current data context of the interrupted activity. In this paper, a data classification scheme based on data relevance and on data update frequency is proposed and discussed with respect to two different real-world applications. Taking into account this classification, a correctness criterion for interrupting running activities while preserving their context is proposed and analyzed.


Title:

APPLYING SDBC IN THE CULTURAL-HERITAGE SECTOR

Author(s):

Boris Shishkov and Jan L.G. Dietz

Abstract:

Among the actual cultural-heritage-related problems is the one of effectively managing and globally distributing digitized cultural (and scientific) information. The only feasible way to realize this goal is via the Internet. Hence, a significant issue to be considered is the adequate design of software applications which to realize brokerage tasks within the global space. However, due to the great complexity of this cultural-heritage-related task (compared to other brokerage tasks successfully realized by software systems), the usage of the existing popular modeling instrumentarium seems inadequate. Hence, in this paper, an approach is presented and it is briefly discussed how the approach could be useful for building cultural heritage sector brokers.


Title:

RESEARCH ON SUPPORT TOOLS FOR OBJECT-ORIENTED SOFTWARE REENGINEERING

Author(s):

Xin Peng, Wenyun Zhao, Yijian Wu and Yunjiao Xue

Abstract:

Reengineering presents a practical and feasible approach to transform legacy systems into evolvable systems.Component-based systems are evolvable and can be easily reengineered. Internet and component-based software development also shows a new orientation for reengineering. Object-oriented software reengineering should base on component library and focus on seamlessly cooperating with component library and assembly tool to construct a whole reengineering system. So the reengineering discussed here concentrates on reconstructing the system into a more feasible one via comprehension and modification of the legacy system, extracting components from the system and submitting them to the component library. In this paper, we present an object-oriented software reengineering model and propose a component extraction algorithm. Our tool prototype FDReengineer is also discussed.


Title:

ASPECT IPM: TOWARDS AN INCREMENTAL PROCESS MODEL BASED ON AOP FOR COMPONENT-BASED SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Alexandre Alvaro, Eduardo Santana de Almeida, Daniel Lucrédio, Antonio Franscisco do Prado, Vinicius Cardoso Garcia and Silvio Romero de Lemos Meira

Abstract:

In spite of recent and constant researches in the Component-Based Development area, there is still a lack for patterns, processes and methodologies that effectively support either the development “for reuse” and “with reuse”. This paper presents Aspect IPM, a process model that integrates the concepts of component-based software engineering, frameworks, patterns, non-functional requirements and aspect-oriented programming. This process model is divided in two activities: Domain Engineering and Component-Based Development. An aspect-oriented non-functional requirements framework was built to aid the software engineer in this two activities. A preliminary, evaluation to analyze the results of using Aspect IPM, is also presented.


Title:

A SECURITY ARCHITECTURE FOR INTER-ORGANIZATIONAL WORKFLOWS: PUTTING SECURITY STANDARDS FOR WEB SERVICES TOGETHER

Author(s):

Michael Hafner, Ruth Breu and Michael Breu

Abstract:

Modern eBusiness processes are spanning over a set of public authorities and private corporations. Those processes require high security principles, rooted on open standards. The SECTINO project follows the paradigm of model driven security architecture: High level business-oriented security requirements for inter-organizational workflows are translated into a configuration for a standards based target architecture. The target architecture encapsulates a set of core web services, links them via a workflow engine, and guards them by imposing specified security policies.


Title:

THE “RIGHT TO BE LET ALONE” AND PRIVATE INFORMATION

Author(s):

Sabah S. Al-Fedaghi

Abstract:

The definition of privacy given by Warren and Brandeis as the “right to be let alone” is described as the most comprehensive of rights and the right most valued by civilized men. Nevertheless, the formulation of privacy as the right to be let alone has been criticized as “broad” and “vague” conception of privacy. In this paper we show that the concept of “right to let alone” is an extraordinary, multifaceted notion that coalesces practical and idealistic features of privacy. It embeds three types of privacy depending on their associated: active, passive and active/passive activities. Active privacy is “freedom-to” claim where the individual is an active agent when dealing with private affairs claiming he/she has the right to control the “extendibility of others’ involvement” in these affairs without interference. This is a right/contractual-based notion of privacy. Accordingly, Justice Rehnquist declaration of no privacy interest in a political rally refers to active privacy. Passive privacy is “freedom-from” notion where the individual is a passive agent when dealing with his/her private affairs and he/she has privacy not due control –as in active privacy– but through others being letting him/her alone. This privacy has duty/moral implications. In this sense Warren and Brandeis advocated that even truthful reporting leads to “a lowering of social standards and morality.” Active/passive privacy is when the individual is the actor and the one acted on. These three-netted interpretations of the “right to be alone” encompass most –if not all- definitions of privacy and give the concept the required narrowness and precision.


Title:

USING A WORKLOAD INFORMATION REPOSITORY - MAPPING BUSINESSES AND APPLICATIONS TO SERVERS AND PROCESSES

Author(s):

Tim R. Norton

Abstract:

Workloads are often defined differently within an organization, depending on the purpose of the analysis, making it very difficult to compare analysis from different points-of-view. WIRAM (Workload Informa-tion Repository for Analysis and Modeling) is a preliminary implementation of a database repository to collect application and system information about workload groupings and their relationships. This informa-tion can then be used to define consistent workloads from business products to computer systems, regard-less of the analysis or modeling tools used or the objectives of the analysis.


Title:

SERVICE BROKERAGE IN PROLOG

Author(s):

Cheun Ngen Chong, Sandro Etalle, Pieter Hartel, Rieks Joosten and Geert Kleinhuis

Abstract:

Service brokerage is a complex problem. At the design stage the semantic gap between user, device and system requirements must be bridged, and at the operational stage the conflicting objectives of many parties in the value chain must be reconciled. For example why should a user who wants to watch a film need to understand that due to limited battery power the film can only be shown in low resolution? Why should the user have to understand the business model of a content provider? To solve these problems we present (1) the concept of a packager who acts as a service broker, (2) a design derived systematically from a semi-formal specification (the CC-model), and (3) an implementation using our Prolog based LicenseScript language.


Title:

PATTERNS IN ONTOLOGY ENGINEERING: CLASSIFICATION OF ONTOLOGY PATTERNS

Author(s):

Eva Blomqvist and Kurt Sandkuhl

Abstract:

In Software Engineering, patterns are an accepted way to facilitate and support reuse. This paper focuses on patterns in the field of Ontology Engineering and proposes a classification scheme for ontology patterns. The scheme divides ontology patterns into five levels: Application Patterns, Architecture Patterns, Design Patterns, Semantic Patterns, and Syntactic Patterns. Semantic and Syntactic Patterns are quite well-researched but the higher levels of pattern abstraction are so far almost unexplored. To illustrate the possibilities of patterns on these levels some examples are discussed, together with ideas of future work. Application of the pattern classification would require defined patterns for all different kinds of ontologies, and both manual and automatic pattern implementation. Our reserach is focusing on the Design Pattern level, using existing patterns from other areas to create Ontology Design Patterns for use in semi-automatic ontology creation.


Title:

APPLYING COMPONENT-BASED UML-DRIVEN CONCEPTUAL MODELING IN SDBC

Author(s):

Boris Shishkov and Jan L.G. Dietz

Abstract:

With the great role of ICT in many areas, the importance of software applications (in utilizing ICT) increases. However, we often observe in software projects: low user satisfaction, increasing budgets, unrealized goals. It is claimed that one frequent cause of software project failure is the mismatch between (business) requirements and the actual functionality of the delivered software application. In order to overcome this, it is necessary to soundly align business process modeling and software specification. A possible and promising way to realize this is using components. In this paper, we report further results concerning the proposition of a new approach, namely SDBC. What distinguishes SDBC from the currently popular business/software modeling methods is the component-based business-software alignment, the thorough (multi-aspect) business process modeling perspective, and the consistency with the UML.


Title:

MODEL DRIVEN ARCHITECTURE BASED REAL-TIME ENTERPRISE INFORMATION INTEGRATION - AN APPROACH AND IMPACT ON BUSINESSES

Author(s):

Vikas S. Shah

Abstract:

The rapid advancements of enterprise applications urge organizations to access and process information in multiple incompatible systems accumulated as massive complex data in diversified formats due to lack of an accepted common base in the development community. EII solutions must provide interoperability across various software platforms with an ability to react and adapt enterprise operations in favour of continues internal and external environmental alterations dealing with time sensitive information. Concept of RTE is based upon the premise of getting the right information to the right people at the right time in “real time”. MDA specifications lead the industry towards interoperable, reusable, and portable software components as well as information models based on standard models. Recently, MDA is considered as another evolutionary step introducing an engineering discipline to practice pattern-based software development. In this paper, we present an innovative approach to achieve real-time intensive EII through combining respective strengths of MDA and RTE. Purpose is to discuss issues during architectural choices and trade-offs introducing the notion of intelligent enterprise integration. Preliminary observation reveals that the strategy provides consistent architectural framework and significantly reduces integration cost. The paper also reports potential advantages and implications of real-time EII over existing business models.


Title:

PERSPECTIVES ON PROCESS DOCUMENTATION - A CASE STUDY

Author(s):

Jörg Becker, Christian Janiesch, Patrick Delfmann and Wolfgang Fuhr

Abstract:

The documentation of IT projects is of paramount importance for the lasting benefit of a project’s outcome. However, different forms of documentation are needed to comply with the diverse needs of users. In order to avoid the maintenance of numerous versions of the same documentation, an integrated method from the field of reference modeling creating perspectives on configurable models is presented and evaluated against a case in the field of health care. The proposal of a holistic to-be model for process documentation provides useful hints towards the need of presenting a model that relates to a specific user’s perspective. Moreover it helped to evaluate the applicability of configurable, company-specific models concerning the relative operating efficiency.


Title:

AUTOMATING THE CONFIGURATION OF IT ASSET MANAGEMENT IN INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Thomas Koch, Esther Gelle and Patrick Sager

Abstract:

The installation and administration of large heterogeneous IT infrastructures, for enterprises as well industrial automation systems, are becoming more and more complex and time consuming. Industrial automation systems, such as those delivered by ABB, present an additional challenge, in that these control and supervise mission critical production sites. Nevertheless, it is common practice to manually install and maintain industrial networks and the process control software running on them, which can be both expensive and error prone. In order to address these challenges, we believe that in the long term such systems must behave autonomously. As preliminary steps to the realization of this vision, automated IT asset management tools and practices will be highlighted in this contribution. We will point out the advantages of combining process control and network management in the domain of industrial automation technology. Furthermore we will introduce a new component model for Autonomic Computing for network management and will apply this to industrial automation systems.


Title:

VERIFICATION AND VALIDATION OF THE REAL TIME SYSTEM IN THE RADAR SENSOR

Author(s):

Naibin Li

Abstract:

This paper presents the modeling, simulation and verification of the embedded real time system for the memory interface system based on the tool UPPAAl[1,2,4]. The real time system of the memory interface in the radar sensor is the arbiter as the kernel of the non-preemptive, fix cycle, round-robin schedule controls and schedules four input buffers, the five output buffers and two integrators working synchronously to share the system resource. We construct accurately dynamic model as the networks of timed automata with rigorous logic and real timed abstraction of this real time system, this hybrid system with discrete and continuous state change consists of six process templates and 20 concurrent processes. We simulate and verify the entire system to detect potential fault in order to guarantee the reliability of the design of the real time system.


Title:

A NEW PUBLIC-KEY ENCRYPTION SCHEME BASED ON NEURAL NETWORKS AND ITS SECURITY ANALYSIS

Author(s):

Niansheng Liu and Donghui Guo

Abstract:

A new public-key Encryption scheme based on chaotic attractors of neural networks is described in the paper. There is a one-way function relationship between the chaotic attractors and their initial states in an Overstoraged Hopfield Neural Networks (OHNN), and each attractor and its corresponding domain of attraction are changed with permutation operations on the neural synaptic matrix. If the neural synaptic matrix is changed by commutative random permutation matrix, we propose a new cryptography technique according to Diffie-Hellman public-key cryptosystem. By keeping the random permutation operation of the neural synaptic matrix as the secret key, and the neural synaptic matrix after permutation as public-key, we introduce a new encryption scheme for a public-key cryptosystem. Security of the new scheme is discussed


Title:

A FORMAL LANGUAGE FOR MODEL TRANSFORMATION SPECIFICATION

Author(s): f

Dan Song, Keqing He, Peng Liang and Wudong Liu

Abstract:

Model transformation and its automation have been the core and major challenge of the MDA; consequently OMG issued a QVT RFP to standardize its process. Though many approaches have been proposed, their efficiency cannot be validated and their application scope is still limited. Meanwhile, UML, as a well-established standard for modelling, is experiencing the major updating. The task of providing a reliable solution to model transformation is a critical. This paper proposes an aspect-driven transformation approach combined with formal language to implement model transformation. Aspect-driven approach is convenient for customizing transformation rules and formal language is easy for automation. The foundation of our work is explained and a concrete transformation example from UML 1.4 to UML 2.0 is presented using the combined mechanism.


Title:

FUNCTIONAL AND NON-FUNCTIONAL APPLICATION SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS: EARLY CONFLICT DETECTION

Author(s):

Paulo Sérgio Muniz Silva and Leonardo Chwif

Abstract:

Usually, standard practices of application software development are only focused on functional requirements. However, IS managers know that when they have an experienced development team, typically systems break not because they do not meet functional requirements, but because some system attributes, also known as non-functional requirements, such as performance, reliability, etc., are not satisfied. One of the root causes of this failure is that non-functional requirements do not receive an adequate attention, are not well understood and are not appropriately modeled. Furthermore, non-functional requirements may present critical conflicts among them. This paper proposes a pragmatic method to help the early understanding of the relationships between the functional and the non-functional requirements of application software. The method has two main goals: to help the early traceability analysis between functional and non-functional requirements, and to analyze the potential conflicts between them.


Title:

MEASURING REQUIREMENTS COMPLEXITY TO INCREASE THE PROBABILITY OF PROJECT SUCCESS

Author(s):

Holly Parsons-Hann and Kecheng Liu

Abstract:

The widespread adoption of Information Technology has helped reduce market problems due to geographical separation and allow collaboration between organisations who are physically distributed around the globe. However, despite the successful strategic benefits brought by the evolution of the internet and other web based services, this has not led to a higher project success rate within companies. The biggest reason for project failure is cited as ‘incomplete requirements’ which suggests that research must be done into the requirements analysis to solve this reoccurring problem. This paper aims to highlight and analyse the current work done in the software complexity and requirements engineering field and demonstrate how measuring requirements complexity will lead to less project failures.


Title:

ACKNOWLEDGING THE IMPLICATIONS OF REQUIREMENTS

Author(s):

Ken Boness, Rachel Harrison and Kecheng Liu

Abstract:

The traditional software requirements specification (SRS) used as the principal instrument for management and planning and as the foundation for design can play a pivotal role in the successful outcome of a project. However this can be compromised by uncertainty and time-to-market pressures. In this paper we recognise that the SRS must be kept in a practical and useful state. We recognise three prerequisites to this end and introduce a programme of research aimed at developing a Requirements Profile that changes the emphasis of requirements engineering from defining the requirements to defining what is known about the requirements. The former (being a subset of the latter) leaves the traditional idea of a SRS unaffected whereas the latter adds much to the avoidance of misunderstanding.


Title:

EVOLUTIONARY SOFTWARE LIFE CYCLE FOR SELF-ADAPTING SOFTWARE SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Ahmed Ghoneim, Sven Apel and Gunter Saake

Abstract:

Robot software systems perform tasks continually to face environmental changes. These changes in the environment require to adapt the strategies of the set of behaviors or to add new ones according to the ability of the robot's hardware capabilities. We present an evolutionary life cycle for self-evolving robot software systems. The life cycle applies within a reflective architecture, that provides the ability to automatically trap the design information in form of uml/xmi documents of the base-level systems. The life cycle is composed of two cooperating cycles: the base-cycle which includes the running application and base-engine for getting the internal representation; and the meta-cycle which provides the adaptation engine for the base application. The evolutionary life cycle main features are highlighted as follows: First, it allows to extract the robots design information from uml models. Second, by using MOP capability the extracted data are trapped to constitute the meta-data. Third, incremental meta-cycles are applied to evolve and validate runtime changes. Finally, the modified meta-data are reflected to the base application and leaves it consistent with these changes. The proposed life cycle practicability is illustrated through a case study.


Title:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INVESTMENT IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES: A SOCIO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS

Author(s):

Manuel João Pereira, Luís Valadares Tavares and Raquel Soares

Abstract:

The output of investments in Information Systems and Technologies (IST) has been a topic of debate among the IST research community. The “Productivity Paradox of IST Investments” sustains that the investment in IST does not increase productivity. Some researchers showed that developed countries have been having a rather stable and sometimes declining economic growth despite their efforts in Research and Development (R&D). Other researchers argue that there is sound evidence that investments in IST are having impacts on the productivity and competitiveness of countries. This paper analyses the relationship between IST and R&D investments and the global development of countries (not only productivity of countries) using economic, demographic and literacy independent variables that explain global development. The objective is to research whether R&D and IST investments are critical to the productivity and to global development of the countries. Working at a country level, the research used sixteen socio-economic variables during a period of five years (1995-1999). The research methodology included causal forecast, cluster analysis, factor analysis, discriminant analysis and regression analysis. The conclusion confirms the correlation between the Gross National Product (GNP) and R&D and IST investments. The variables illiteracy rate, life expectancy at birth, Software investment as percentage of GNP and number of patents per 1000 inhabitants can explain the development of a country.


Title:

DESCRIPTION OF WORKFLOW PATTERNS BASED ON P/T NETS

Author(s):

Guofu Zhou, Yanxiang He and Zhuomin Du

Abstract:

Through comparing and analyzing Aalst's workflow patterns, we model these patterns with P/T system without additional elements. Based on these models, the number of patterns can be reduced significatively. Moreover, synchronic distance is presented to specify workflow patterns.


Title:

INTEGRATED PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT

Author(s):

Faribors Ronaghi

Abstract:

Recently the performance of companies has gained a significant meaning due to globalization and new conditions in the field of the markets and the competition area. To be successful the set objectives derived from the strategy in different levels must be controlled and an approach must be chosen that integrates the three parts, performance management concept, IT and organisation. The proposed article is to depict the basic requirements for integrated performance management and shows as a result a meta model, where all the basic objects and their relations are considered.


Title:

COLLABORATIVE ONTOLOGIES AND ITS VISUALISATION IN CSCW SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Michael Vonrueden and Thorsten Hampel

Abstract:

The goal of semantic structures and especially the semantic web is to simplify knowledge retrieval in computer based systems. The Visual Cooperative Ontology Environment - short visCOntE - aims to support the process of a collaborated creation of ontologies and the mapping of an individual's mental map into a digital system. Due to the collaborative and graphical approach many requirements have to be considered to establish such a project. Beneath a deep description of visCOntE and possible usage scenarios, the question of which requirements a successfull collaborative ontology creation should fit and which functions a system should make available will be determined in detail.


Title:

MODEL SHARING IN THE SIMULATION AND CONTROL OF DISTRIBUTED DISCRETE-EVENT SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Fernando Gonzalez

Abstract:

Today, sophisticated discrete-event systems are being designed whose complexity necessitates the employment of distributed planning and control. While using a distributed control architecture results in the overall system model consisting of a collection of independent models, today's commercially available simulation languages can only accommodate a single model. As a result, in order to use these simulation languages one must create a new system model that consists of a single model but yet models a collection of models. Typically the communication among the distributed models are ignored causing inaccurate results. In this paper we use our simulation concept, also presented in this paper, to create a simulation tool that enables the simulation of distributed systems by using a collection of models rather than a single model. With our concept we create a methodology that accomplishes this by simulating the communications among the distributed models. Besides the benefit of not having to create a new model for simulation, this methodology produces an increase in accuracy since the communication among the models is taken into consideration. Furthermore this tool has the capability to control the system using the same collection of models.


Title:

THREAT-DRIVEN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN OF SECURE INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Dianxiang Xu and Josh Pauli

Abstract:

To deal with software security issues in the early stages of system development, this paper presents a threat-driven approach to the architectural design and analysis of secure information systems. We model security threats to systems with misuse cases and mitigation requirements with mitigation use cases at the requirements analysis phase, and drive system architecture design (including the identification of architectural components and their connections) by use cases, misuse cases, and mitigation use cases. According to the misuse case-based threat model, we analyze whether or not a candidate architecture is resistant to the identified security threats and what constraints must be imposed on the choices of system implementation. This provides a smooth transition from requirements specification to high-level design and greatly improves the traceability of security concerns in high assurance information systems. We demonstrate our approach through a case study on a security-intensive payroll information system.


Title:

CONCEPTUAL OPTIMISATION IN BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT

Author(s):

Yves Callejas, Jean Louis Cavarero and Martine Collard

Abstract:

To optimise business processes is a very complex task. The goal is double: to improve productivity and quality. The method, developed in this paper, is composed of 4 steps : the first one is the modelisation step (to describe the business process in a very rigorous way), then a conceptual optimisation (supported by evaluation and simulation tools) to improve the business process structure (to make it more consistent, to normalise it), then an operational optimisation to improve the business process performing (to make it more efficient) by providing to each operation the necessary resources and at last a global optimisation (to take into account all the business processes of the company under study). The conceptual optimisation is, in fact, a static optimisation (achieved independently of resources) while the operational optimisation is dynamic. The main difference between these 2 steps is the fact that the first one is totally hand made (we want to build, from the set of indicators provided by evaluation and simulation, the best business process as possible), in opposition with the second which is totally automatic (since it requires linear and non linear programming tools). This method is the result of three years research achieved for the French organism “Caisses d’Allocations Familiales: CAF”. It was validated on the business processes of the CAF, which deal with information (files and documents), but it can also be applied on industrial business processes (dealing with products and materials).


Title:

ADAPTIVE BUSINESS OBJECTS - A NEW COMPONENT MODEL FOR BUSINESS INTEGRATION

Author(s):

Prabir Nandi and Santhosh Kumaran

Abstract:

We present a new component model for creating next generation e-Business applications. These applications have two overriding requirements: (1) Ability to change the application behavior quickly and easily in line with the fast-changing business conditions and (2) Seamless integration of people, process, information, and systems. Our new component model is built around the concept of Adaptive Business Objects, and fulfills both the above requirements. This paper describes this component model and demonstrates its use in real business solutions.


Title:

A METHODOLOGY FOR ROLE-BASED MODELING OF OPEN MULTI-AGENT SOFTWARE SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Haiping Xu and Xiaoqin Zhang

Abstract:

Multi-agent systems (MAS) are rapidly emerging as a powerful paradigm for modeling and developing distributed information systems. In an open multi-agent system, agents can not only join or leave an agent society at will, but also take or release roles dynamically. Most of existing work on MAS uses role modeling for system analysis; however, role models are only used at conceptual level with no realizations in the implemented system. In this paper, we propose a methodology for role-based modeling of open multi-agent software systems. We specify role organization and role space as containers of conceptual roles and role instances, respectively. Agents in an agent society can take or release roles from a role space dynamically. The relationships between agents are deduced through a mechanism called A-R mapping. As a potential solution for automated MAS development, we summarize the procedure to generate a role-based design of open MAS. Finally, we give a case study of organizing a conference to illustrate the feasibility of our approach.


Title:

SEMANTIC-BASED SIMILARITY DECISIONS FOR ONTOLOGIES

Author(s):

Anne Yun-An Chen and Dennis McLeod

Abstract:

Many data representation structures, such as web site categories and domain ontologies, have been established for semantic-based information search and retrieval on the web. These structures consist of concepts and their interrelationships. Approaches to determine the similarity in semantics among concepts in data representation structures have been developed in order to facilitate information retrieval and recommendation processes. Some approaches are only suitable for similarity computations in pure tree structures. Other approaches designed for the Directed Acyclic Graph structures yield high computational complexity for online similarity decisions. Another approach is the Cosine-Similarity Measure. This approach requires manual edits for the data similarity matrix. In order to provide efficient similarity computations for data representation structures, we propose a geometry-based solution. Structures are first spontaneously adapted into a geometric 3-dimensional space. Similarity computations are based on geometric properties. The similarity model is based on the proposed geometry-based solution, and the online similarity computation is performed in a constant time. An application of the proposed similarity model to earthquake ontology is exemplified.


Title:

MODELING STRATEGIC ACTOR RELATIONSHIPS TO SUPPORT RISK ANALYSIS AND CONTROL IN SOFTWARE PROJECTS

Author(s):

Subhas C. Misra, Vinod Kumar and Uma Kumar

Abstract:

In this paper, we present an approach project managers could use to model and control risks in software projects. There are no similar approaches on modeling software project risks in the existing pieces of literature. The approach is, thus, novel to the area of software risk management. The approach is helpful to project managers for performing means-end analysis, thereby uncovering the structural origin of risks in a project, and how the root-causes of such risks can be controlled from the early stages of the projects. We have illustrated this approach with a simple example typical of software development projects. Though some attempt has been made to model risk management in enterprise information systems using conventional modeling techniques, like data flow diagrams, and UML, the previous works have analyzed and modeled the same just by addressing “what” a process is like, however, they don’t address “why” the process is the way it is. The approach addresses this limitation of the existing software project risk management models by exploring the strategic dependencies between the actors of a project, and analyzing the motivations, intents, and rationales behind the different entities and activities in a project. However, the intention of our work is not to provide a new risk management framework. Our work is restricted to providing a methodology that one can use in the existing risk management lifecycle models to analyze and uncover the structural origin of the risks, and control the risks from the early phases of a project.


Title:

A STRATEGIC MODELING TECHNIQUE FOR CHANGE MANAGEMENT IN ORGANIZATIONS UNDERGOING BPR

Author(s):

Subhas C. Misra, Vinod Kumar and Uma Kumar

Abstract:

Because of the competitive economy, organizations today seek to rationalize, innovate, and adapt to changing environments, and circumstances as part of Business Process Reengineering (BPR) efforts. Irrespective of the process reengineering program selected, and the technique used to model it, BPR brings with it the issues of organizational, and process changes, which involves managing organizational changes (also called “change management”). Change management is non-trivial, as organizational changes are difficult to accomplish. Though some attempt has been made to model change management in enterprise information systems using conventional conceptual modeling techniques, they have just addressed “what” a change process is like, and they don’t address “why” the process is the way it is. Our approach is novel in the sense that it presents a actor-dependency-based 5-phased technique for analysing, and modeling early-phase requirements of organizational change management that provides the motivations, intents, and rationales behind the entities, and activities. We have considered a case study to illustrate this approach. Finally, we have provided concluding remarks by describing the importance, and the limitations of this approach.


Title:

A MODEL FOR POLICY BASED SERVICE COMMUNITY

Author(s):

Hironobu Kuruma and Shinichi Honiden

Abstract:

Since the World Wide Web is an open system, it is difficult to maintain the information about services on the Web in a centralized server. Therefore the service mediation system could be constructed by federation of service communities, in which each community provides and mediates limited number of services according to its own policy. The federation should preserve the policy of each community. Furthermore, (1) scalability, (2) verifiability of policy compliance, and (3) flexibility to the change of federation relation should be considered in implementing the federation. In this paper, we introduce a notion of policy of community based on access control among players and show a community model that is aimed at specifying communications between players compliant with policy. The community model provides function specification of the service mediation system. Since a meta-architecture based language is used to describe community model, communications for the cooperation of communities can be represented separately from the communications for service request and provision. As the result, our community model (1) represents communications between players in a modular way, (2) provides a basis for verification of policy compliance, and (3) encapsulates the dependencies on partner communities.


Title:

A COST-ORIENTED TOOL TO SUPPORT SERVER CONSOLIDATION

Author(s):

Danilo Ardagna, Chiara Francalanci, Gianfranco Bazzigaluppi, Mauro Gatti, Francesco Silveri and Marco Trubian

Abstract:

Nowadays, Companies perceive the IT infrastructure as a commodity not delivering any competitive advantage and usually, as the first candidate for budget squeezing and costs reductions. Server consolidation is a broad term which encompasses all the projects put in place in order to rationalize the IT infrastructure and reduce operating costs. This paper presents a design methodology and a software tool to support Server Consolidation projects. The aim is to identify a minimum cost solution which satisfies user requirements. The tool has been tested by considering four real test cases, taken from different geographical areas and encompassing multiple application types. Preliminary results from the empirical verification indicate that the tool identifies a realistic solution to be refined by technology experts, which reduces consolidation projects costs, time and efforts.


Title:

ENTERPRISE INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING - MODELLING AND SIMULATION USING THE PROBLEM ARTICULATION METHOD

Author(s):

Simon Tan and Kecheng Liu

Abstract:

Current systems development costs rise almost exponentially as development time increases, underscoring the importance of effective enterprise planning and project management. Enterprise infrastructure planning offers an avenue to effectively improve and shorten design and development time; and to develop a system of high quality and with significantly lower operating and development costs. The Problem Articulation Method (PAM) is a method for articulating business and technical requirements in an organisation. It is capable of assimilating the internal systems changes in response to the dynamics and uncertainties of the business environment. The requirements and specifications, from this analysis constitute as a baseline for managing changes, and provide the mechanism by which the reality of the enterprise and its systems can be aligned with planned enterprise objectives. An illustration of planning the development of a procurement system will be used to demonstrate the enterprise infrastructure requirements with a discrete-event enterprise simulation package “Enterprise Dynamic”. This paper will examine the capability of PAM in the articulation and simulation of complex enterprise requirements.


Title:

METRIC SUITE DIRECTING THE FAILURE MODE ANALYSIS OF EMBEDDED SOFTWARE SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Guido Menkhaus and Brigitte Andrich

Abstract:

Studies have found that reworking defective requirements, design, and code typically consumes up to 50 percent of the total cost of software development. A defect has a high impact when it has been inserted in the design and is only detected in a later phase of a project. This increases project cost, time and may even jeopardize the success of a project. More time needs to be spent on analysis of the design of the project. When analysis techniques are applied on the design of a software system, the primary objective is to anticipate potential scenarios of failure in the system. The detection of defects that may cause failures and the correction is more cost effective in the early phases of the software lifecycle, whereas testing starts late and defects found during testing may require massive rework. In this article, we present a metric suite that guides the analysis during the risk assessment of failure modes. The computation of the metric suite bases on Simulink models. We provide tool support for this activity.


Title:

TYPE AND SCOPE OF TRUST RELATIONSHIPS IN COLLABORATIVE INTERACTIONS IN DISTRIBUTED ENVIRONMENTS

Author(s):

Weiliang Zhao, Vijay Varadharajan and George Bryan

Abstract:

In this paper, we consider the modelling of trust relationships in distributed systems based on a formal mathematical structure. We discuss different forms of trust. In particular, we address the base level authentication trust at the lower layer with a hierarchy of trust relationships at a higher level. Then we define and discuss trust direction and symmetric characteristics of trust for collaborative interactions in distributed environments. We define the trust scope label in order to describe the scope and diversity of trust relationship under our taxonomy framework. We illustrate the proposed definitions and properties of the trust relationships using example scenarios. The discussed trust types and properties will form part of an overall trust taxonomy framework and they can be used in the overall methodology of life cycle of trust relationships in distributed information systems that is currently in the process of development.


Title:

TOWARDS AN APPROACH FOR ASPECT-ORIENTED SOFTWARE REENGINEERING

Author(s):

Vinicius Garcia, Daniel Lucrédio, Antonio Francisco do Prado, Eduardo Santana de Almeida, Alexandre Alvaro and Silvio Romero de Lemos Meira

Abstract:

This paper presents a reengineering approach to help in migrating pure object-oriented codes to a mixture of objects and aspects. The approach focuses on aspect-mining to identify potential crosscutting concerns to be modeled and implemented as aspects, and on refactoring techniques to reorganize the code according to aspect-oriented paradigm by using code transformations it is possible to recover the aspect-oriented design using a transformational system. With the recovered design it is possible to add or modify the system requirements in a CASE tool, and to generate the codes in an executable language, in this case AspectJ.


Title:

A NON PROPRIETARY FRAMEWORK FOR POLICY CONTROLLED MANAGEMENT OF THE MODEL IN THE MVC DESIGN PARADIGM

Author(s):

Aaron Jackson and John G. Keating

Abstract:

There are a variety of systems available to help automate and control the Web Content Management (WCM) process. Most of these systems are modelled using the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design paradigm. This is a design technique frequently adopted by software developers to assist in modularity, flexibility, and re-use of object oriented web developments. This design paradigm involves separating the objects in a particular interaction into 3 categories for the purpose of providing a natural set of encapsulating boundaries, encouraging many-to-many relationships along the separate component boundaries, and segregating presentation and content. These MVC based systems control what is known as static content. In this paper we propose a new framework for controlling the software tools used in MVC based systems. More precisely, the automatic deployment of model software tools based on XML defined policies. This framework incorporates a non-proprietary component based architecture and well structured representations of Policies. The Policies are not embedded in the system, they are generated, and therefore each component is self contained and can be independently maintained. Our framework will work on a centralized or distributed environment and we believe that the use of this framework makes it easier to deploy MVC based systems.


Title:

TOWARDS A SELF-FORMING BUSINESS NETWORKING ENVIRONMENT

Author(s):

Claudia-Melania Chituc and Americo Lopes Azevedo

Abstract:

The rapid evolution of the markets and the changing client’s demands determined enterprises to adapt their business from traditional business practices to e-business, and new forms of collaboration (such as supply chain enterprises, extended enterprises or virtual enterprises) were created. In this context, emerging technologies (such as Peer-to-Peer, Web services, Intelligent agents, Workflow) become core technologies supporting enterprise integration. They address business integration needs, streamlining transactions while supporting process coordination and consistency. The aim of this paper is to analyse business integration concepts and solutions, and to propose a new inter-operability paradigm: Plug-and-Do-Business that represents the basis of a conceptual framework for a self-forming business networking environment. The paper is organized in four sections. After a brief introduction to the topic, issues related to enterprise integration are presented, such as enterprise integration needs, reference models, technologies and architectures. Two comparisons of business-to-business (B2B) standards are than referred. The third section presents the emergence of the novel Plug-and-Do-Business paradigm that models the natural integration of an enterprise in a networked environment. The methodology developed for the research project is than described. The fourth and last section contains the conclusions of the paper.


Title:

AN MDA-EDOC BASED DEVELOPMENT PROCESS FOR DISTRIBUTED APPLICATIONS

Author(s):

Rita Suzana Pitangueira Maciel, Bruno Carreiro da Silva, Carlos André Guimarães Ferraz and Nelson Souto Rosa

Abstract:

With the proposal of MDA by OMG, the modelling of systems, in development process of distributed applications, has become a central point, therefore software models go beyond system documentation. EDOC - MDA profile for modelling distributed application - uses as conceptual framework the RM-ODP. These elements, although very useful, are insufficient for a software development process; therefore they are not followed by development methodologies. In this article is presented a MDA-based development process for distributed applications that utilize EDOC and the RM-ODP. The process is described as a sequence of steps and a set of diagrams that should be specified to provide a MDA-based system description.


Title:

BRINGING SOCIAL CONSTRUCTS TO THE INFORMATION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PROCESS: CONTRIBUTIONS OF ORGANIZATIONAL SEMIOTICS

Author(s):

Carlos Alberto Cocozza Simoni, M. Cecília C. Baranaukas and Rodrigo Bonacin

Abstract:

Literature has shown the influence of the social, cultural and organizational aspects involved in the process of developing information systems. The Unified Process (UP) has been widely used in the software industry, but literature has shown its drawbacks when applied to the modelling of human actions in the social and organizational contexts. Our research investigates the use of Organizational Semiotics (OS) methods combined with the UP to compose a complete cycle of system development, aiming at bringing social constructs to the development process of information systems.


Title:

TRANSFORMING SA/RT GRAPHICAL SPECIFICATIONS INTO CSP+T FORMALISM - OBTAINING A FORMAL SPECIFICATION FROM SEMI-FORMAL SA/RT ESSENTIAL MODELS

Author(s):

Manuel I. Capel and Juan A. Holgado

Abstract:

A correct system specification is systematically obtained from the essential user requirements model by applying a set of rules, which give a formal semantics to the graphical analysis entities of SA/RT. The aim of the systematic procedure is to set the methodological infrastructure necessary for deriving a complete system specification of a given real-time system in terms of CSP+T processes. A detailed complete solution to the Production Cell problem has been discussed so as to show how the method can be applied to solve a real-world industrial problem.


Title:

DECOUPLING MVC: J2EE DESIGN PATTERNS INTEGRATION

Author(s):

Francisco Maciá-Pérez, Virgilio Gilart-Iglesias, Diego Marcos-Jorquera, Juan Manuel García-Chamizo and Antonio Hernández-Sáez

Abstract:

Nowadays the Internet has become a suitable environment for the new business models, by means of which companies can reach the new open market world-widely. However, adapting the traditional application architectures is not enough in order to take advantage of this environment in effective way. For this reason, it is necessary to develop new approaches so as to reach the environment’s full potential, as in the case of the distributed software components on n-tier architectures model. Due to its complexity, this model requires technological platforms, like J2EE, in order to support the development of such applications. In spite of the power that the J2EE platform provides, some organizations refuse to develop applications under this platform because it requires a deep knowledge of the J2EE technology and its design patterns. In this article we propose a model based on the Model-View-Controller paradigm and built over the integration of open source frameworks (StrutsEJB-Cocoon-Struts) which are used by a wide community but have not been managed as a global solution. This model and its underlying integrated framework offer a powerful environment that reduces the complexity associated with the development of J2EE applications.


Title:

THE SEMIOTIC LEARNING FRAMEWORK – HOW TO FACILITATE ORGANISATIONAL LEARNING

Author(s):

Angela Nobre

Abstract:

The complexity of current organisational contexts implies the need for innovative theorisation of learning at organisational level. Organisational learning represents a critical aspect of each organisation’s capacity to innovate, and to nurture and maintain its inner dynamism. The Semiotic Learning Framework is presented as a theoretical approach to organisational learning and as a working methodology to be applied within organisational contexts. It derives its rationale from social semiotics and from social philosophy and it focuses on critical organisational key issues. This framework is to be applied as an organisational learning initiative at organisational level, as the content of a post-graduate programme, and as a methodology for interdisciplinary team works.


Title:

EVALUATION AND COMPARISON OF ADL BASED APPROACHES FOR THE DESCRIPTION OF DYNAMIC OF SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURES

Author(s):

Mohamed Hadj Kacem, Mohamed Jmaiel, Ahmed Hadj Kacem and Khalil Drira

Abstract:

This paper presents an evaluation study of Architecture Description Languages (ADL) which allows to compare the expressive power of these languages for specifying the dynamicity of software architectures. Our investigation enabled us to release two categories of ADLs: configuration languages and description languages. Here, we address both categories, and we focus on two aspects : the the behaviour of software components and the evolution of the architecture during execution. In addition, we explain how each ADL handles these aspects and demonstrate that they are generally not or not enough dealt with by most of the ADLs. This motivates future extensions to be undertaken in this domain. Throughout this paper, we illustrate the comparison of these two aspects by describing an example of a distributed application for collaborative authoring support.


Title:

SEMANTIC WEB SUPPORT FOR BUSINESS PROCESSES

Author(s):

Airi Salminen and Maiju Virtanen

Abstract:

Development of semantic web technologies has been initiated to improve the utilization of web resources particularly by software applications. Limitations in the capabilities of applications to process data accessible on the web as well as limitations in the interconnectivity of software applications cause vastly extra human work in business processes. Semantic web is intended to extend the current web by metadata adding meaning to web resources. In an interorganizational business process context, semantic web could be an extension of the current intranet, extranet, and internet resources better enabling computers and people in business processes to work in cooperation. In the paper we will explore the possibilities of the semantic web technologies to support business processes. Particularly we will evaluate the possibilities and problems related to the utilization of RDF (Resource Description Framework), which enables formal representing of metadata and metadata schemas. The possibilities of RDF metadata are discussed in describing various types of metadata, such as contextual and contentual metadata of a process. The challenges in RDF schema design are analyzed in defining the most important concepts for a schema. We will use the Finnish legislative process as a case to demonstrate the issues discussed. It is an example of a complex interorganizational process participated by many organizations. In the end we will draw implications of our analysis to the development of RDF schemas and other semantic web solutions for business processes.


Title:

PROCESS ORIENTED DISCOVERY OF BUSINESS PARTNERS

Author(s):

Axel Martens

Abstract:

Emerging technologies and industrial standards in the field of Web services enable a much faster and easier cooperation of distributed partners. With the increasing number of enterprises that offer specific functionality in terms of Web services, discovery of matching partners becomes a serious issue. At the moment, discovery of Web services generally is based on meta-information (e.g. name, business category) and some technical aspects (e.g. interface, protocols). But, this selection might be to coarse grained for dynamic application integration, and there is much more information available, which can be used to increase precision. This paper describes an approach to discover business partners based on the comparison of their published Web service process models.


Title:

SYSTEM ENGINEERING PROCESSES ACTIVITIES FOR AGENT SYSTEM DESIGN: COMPONENT BASED DEVELOPMENT FOR RAPID PROTOTYPING

Author(s):

Jaesuk Ahn, Dung Lam, Thomas Graser and K. Suzanne Barber

Abstract:

Agent Technology is becoming a new means of designing and building complex, distributed software systems. Agent technology is now being applied to the development of large open software systems; such development requires methodologies to construct software systems that select and assemble highly flexible agent technology components written at different times by various developers. However, the lack of mature agent software development methodologies, the diversity of agent technologies, and the lack of a common framework for describing these technologies challenges designers attempting to evaluate, compare, select, and potentially reuse agent technology. This paper proposes (1) categorization and comparison of agent technologies under a common ontology, (2) a repository of agent technologies which will assist the agent designer in browsing and evaluating agent technologies in the context of a given high level reference architecture and associated requirements, (3) an architecting process to rapidly prototype by selecting agent technology components that fulfill the designer’s requirements, and (4) toolkit support to build a technology repository and agent system


Title:

TOWARDS A GLOBAL SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT MATURITY MODEL

Author(s):

Leonardo Pilatti and Jorge Audy

Abstract:

Build softwares have always been a challenge. To shape and to implement a computational viable solution involves a lot of technical and social questions (referring to the interaction between stakeholders). This complexity increases, significantly, when dispersed global teams are used. The necessity to have a set of processes better to organize the development strategy appears as one of the main challenges to be explored. The objective of this article is to present a proposal of structure for a maturity model for global software development. The study is based on an ample theoretical revision on the structures of the main maturity and government models of information technology. The empirical base of this study will involve a multinational organization of software development with branch offices in Brazil, Russia and India.


Title:

SOFTWARE PROJECT DRIVEN ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PROCESS ACTIVITIES SUPPORTING WEB BASED SOFTWARE ENGINEERING TOOLS

Author(s):

Shriram Sankaran and Joseph E. Urban

Abstract:

The field of software engineering has seen the development of software engineering tools that allow for distributed development of software systems over the web. This paper covers the development of a web based software design tool that served as the basis for software requirements formulation of a software process tracking tool. These software tools are an outgrowth of a software engineering project capstone. The discussion focuses on those development activities that assisted the front end of the development through needs determination and software requirements formulation. This paper describes the background for the software engineering projects, software tool development processes, and the developed software tools.


Title:

A METHODOLOGY OF FORECASTING DEMANDS OF THE COMMUNICATION TRAFFIC

Author(s):

Masayuki Higuma and Masao J. Matsumoto

Abstract:

A Traffic demand of the communication has strong relations between the gross domestic product (GDP). However the Linear regression Model (LM) cannot apply analyzing a traffic demand, because its relations have non linear shape. Otherwise the Auto Regression model (AR) has problems ,which cannot reflect trends of social and economical issues ,and has big forecasting errors, when a traffic demand has a trend component. Therefore this paper considers a new methodology forecasting traffic demands, which has high quality by resolving the above problems, by modeling and indexing social and economical issues.


Title:

QUALITY OF SERVICE IN FLEXIBLE WORKFLOWS THROUGH PROCESS CONSTRAINTS

Author(s):

Shazia Sadiq, Maria Orlowska, Joe Lin and Wasim Sadiq

Abstract:

Workflow technology has delivered effectively for a large class of business processes, providing the requisite control and monitoring functions. At the same time, this technology has been the target of much criticism due to its limited ability to cope with dynamically changing business conditions which require business processes to be adapted frequently, and/or its limited ability to model business processes which cannot be entirely predefined. Requirements indicate the need for generic solutions where a balance between process control and flexibility may be achieved. In this paper we present a framework that allows the workflow to execute on the basis of a partially specified model where the full specification of the model is made at runtime, and may be unique to each instance. This framework is based on the notion of process constraints. Where as process constraints may be specified for any aspect of the workflow, such as structural, temporal, etc. our focus in this paper is on a constraint which allows dynamic selection of activities for inclusion in a given instance. We call these cardinality constraints, and this paper will discuss their specification and validation requirements.


Title:

CARTOGRAPHIES OF ONTOLOGY CONCEPTS

Author(s):

Hatem Ben Sta, Lamjed Ben Said, Khaled Ghédira, Michel Bigand and Jean Pierre Bourey

Abstract:

We are interested to study the state of the art of ontologies and to synthesize it. This paper makes a synthesis of definitions, languages, ontology classifications, ontological engineering, ontological platforms and application fields of ontologies. The objective of this study is to cover up and synthesize the ontological concepts through the proposition of a whole of cartographies relative to these concepts.


Title:

REVEALING THE REAL BUSINESS FLOWS FROM ENTERPRISE SYSTEMS TRANSACTIONS

Author(s):

Jon Espen Ingvaldsen, Jon Atle Gulla, Ole Andreas Helge and Atle Prange

Abstract:

Understanding the dynamic behavior of business flows is crucial for being able to modify, maintain and improve an organization. In this paper we present an approach and a tool to business flow analysis that helps us reveal the real business flows and get and exact understanding of current situation. Analyzing the logs of large enterprise systems, the tool reconstructs models of how people work and detects important performance indicators. The tool is used as part of change projects and replaces much of the traditional manual work that is involved.


Title:

ICT BASED ASSET MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK

Author(s):

Abrar Haider and Andy Koronios

Abstract:

Manufacturing and production environment is subjected to radical change. Impetus to this change has been fuelled by intensely competitive liberalised markets; with technological advances promising enhanced services and improved asset infrastructure and plant performance. This emergent re-organisation has a direct influence on economic incentives associated with the design and management of asset equipment and infrastructures, for continuous availability of these assets is crucial to profitability and efficiency of the business. As a consequence, engineering enterprises are faced with new challenges of safeguarding the technical integrity of these assets, and the coordination of support mechanisms required to keep these assets in running condition. At present, there is insufficient understanding of optimised technology exploitation for realisation of these processes; and theory and model development is required to gain understanding that is a prerequisite to influencing and controlling asset operation to the best advantage of the business. This paper aims to make a fundamental contribution to the development and application of ICTs for asset management, by investigating the interrelations between changing asset design, production demand and supply management, maintenance demands, asset operation and process control structures, technological innovations, and the support processes governing asset operation in manufacturing, production and service industries. It takes lifecycle perspective of asset management by addressing economic and performance tradeoffs, decision support, information flows, and process re-engineering needs of superior asset design, operation, maintenance, decommissioning, and renewal.


Title:

A LOOSELY COUPLED ARCHITECTURE FOR DIGITAL LIBRARIES: THE PHRONESIS CASE

Author(s):

Juan C. Lavariega, Andan Salinas, David Garza, Lorena Gomez and Martha Sordia

Abstract:

Digital Libraries (DL) provide services for submission, indexing, classification, storage, searching, retrieval, and administration of digital documents. There are several DL projects and products, some of them focus on the administration of domain specific collections, and others limit collections to be physically located within the borders of site where the DL software resides. Phronesis is a tool for creation and administration of DL which can be geographically distributed and which are accessible over the WWW. Phronesis developing team intention was to make the project accessible to other developers, who can improve its functionality. However, one of the major drawbacks was Phronesis’ data centric architecture and the highly coupled subsystems which made hard to maintain and to add new functionality. This paper addresses the problems with the old data centric Phronesis architecture. Throughout the paper we discuss the functionality provided by the subsystems, and present a loosely coupled architecture for digital libraries. The approach presented here follows the style of services oriented architectures (SOA). The SOA for Phronesis is a framework that provides services for the submission, indexing and compression of documents. Phronesis SOA is organized into layers of functionality that favor maintenance, reuse, and testing of the entire project; increasing performance and availability.


Title:

PROCESS REFERENCE MODEL FOR DATA WAREHOUSE DEVELOPMENT - A CONSENSUS-ORIENTED APPROACH

Author(s):

Ralf Knackstedt, Karsten Klose, Björn Niehaves and Jörg Becker

Abstract:

IS literature provides a variety of Data Warehouse development methodologies focusing on technical issues, for instance the automatical generation of Data Warehouse or OLAP schemata from conceptual graphical models or the materialization of views. On the other hand, we can observe a growing influence of conceptual modelling in the move of general IS development which is specifically addressing early phase design issues. Here, conceptual modelling solves communicational problems which emerge when for instance IT personnel and business personnel work together, mostly having distinct educational and professional backgrounds as well as using distinct domain languages. Thus, the aim of this paper is to provide the foundation of a Data Warehouse development methodology in form of a process reference model which is based on a conceptual modelling approach. After analyzing theoretical-epistemological issues fundamental to conceptual modelling issues, we instantiate and operationalize them focusing the consensus-oriented approach. This understanding provides the basis for the consensus-oriented Data Warehouse development methodology.


Title:

PROCESS MODELLING FOR SERVICE PROCESSES - MODELLING METHODS EXTENSIONS FOR SPECIFYING AND ANALYSING CUSTOMER INTEGRATION

Author(s):

Karsten Klose, Ralf Knackstedt and Jörg Becker

Abstract:

Service Provider business processes require extensive customer participation. Due to the customer’s substantial impact on the successful implementation of performance processes, measures of customer interaction must be planned meticulously. At present, there are numerous modelling techniques for a model-based structuring of these processes. Admittedly, these models provide only general operations for model modifications such as the ability to delete and add elements. As a result, process designers are not supported sufficiently by domain-specific business design options. This paper demonstrates possible extensions for process modelling techniques which are intended to assist service providers in analysing their processes with particular regard to customer integration and contract formulation. In the presented business case, the application of the method allowed for some rapid, useful and promising recommendations regarding the improvement of customer processes of an IT service provider.


Title:

XML-BASED IMPACT ANALYSIS USING CHANGE-DETECTION APPROACH FOR SYSTEM INTERFACE CONTROL

Author(s):

Namho Yoo

Abstract:

In this paper, an XML-based approach is presented for the impact analysis of interface control in sustained systems. Once a system is completed developed, it goes into a sustained phase supported by many interfaces. As new technologies develop, updating and maintaining such systems require non-trivial efforts. A clear pre-requisite before the deployment of a new system is to clarify the influence of changes on other systems connected through interfaces. However, as each sustained system manages its own information separately, integrating relevant information among the interfaced systems is a major hurdle. In our approach, the XML technology is applied to support impact analysis for interface control architecture using change-detection approach for the reference. In particular, I focus on messaging interface issues in Health Level Seven typically used in medical information system and propose a scheme to represent message information that can be used for the decision support of interface impact between sustained systems.


Title:

XML VIEWS, PART III: AN UML BASED DESIGN METHODOLOGY FOR XML VIEWS

Author(s):

Rajugan R., Tharam S. Dillon, Elizabeth Chang and Ling Feng

Abstract:

Object-Oriented (OO) conceptual models have the power in describing and modelling real-world data semantics and their inter-relationships in a form that is precise and comprehensible to users. Today UML has established itself as the language of choice for modelling complex enterprises information systems (EIS) using OO techniques. Conversely, the eXtensible Markup Language (XML) is fast emerging as the dominant standard for storing, describing and interchanging data among various enterprises systems and databases. With the introduction of XML Schema, which provides rich facilities for constraining and defining XML content, XML provides the ideal platform and the flexibility for capturing and representing complex enterprise data formats. Yet, UML provides insufficient modelling constructs for utilising XML schema based data description and constraints, while XML Schema lacks the ability to provide higher levels of abstraction (such as conceptual models) that are easily understood by humans. Therefore to enable efficient business application development of large-scale enterprise systems, we need UML like models with rich XML schema like semantics. To address such issue, we proposed a semantic aware XML view mechanism [Raju03] to conceptually model and design XML Schema based view mechanism to support data modelling of complex domains such as data warehousing. In our later work, we proposed a semantic net based design methodology [Raju04] for designing XML views. In this paper, we propose a UML stereotype based approach to design and transform XML views.


Title:

MODEL DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS PROCESS MONITORING AND CONTROL SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Tao Yu and Jun-Jang Jeng

Abstract:

This paper describes model-driven approach in monitoring and controlling the behavior of business processes. The business-level monitoring and control requirements are first described by a series of policies that can be combined together to construct a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG), which can be regarded as the Platform Independent Model (PIM) for the high level business solution. PIM provides a convenient and clear way for business users to understand, monitor and control the interactions in the target business process. Then the PIM is transformed to an executable representation (Platform Specific Model, PSM), such as BPEL (Business Process Execution Language for Web Service) by decomposing the DAG into several subprocesses and modeling each sub-process as a BPEL process that will be deployed to runtime.


Title:

ACCESS CONTROL MODEL FOR GRID VIRTUAL ORGANIZATIONS

Author(s):

Nasser B., Benzekri A., Laborde R., Grasset F. and Barrère F.

Abstract:

The problems encountered in the scientific, industrial and engineering fields entail sophisticated processes across widely distributed communities. The Grid emerged as a platform that has a goal enabling coordinated resources sharing and problem resolving in dynamic multi-institutional virtual organizations. Though the multi-institutional aspect is considered in the grid definition, there is no recipe that indicates how to fabricate a VO in such environment where mutual distrust is a constraint. Excluding a central management authority, the different partners should cooperate to put in place a multi-administrated environment. The role of each partner in the VO should be clear and unambiguous (permissions, interdictions, users and resources to manage…). Organizing a large scale environment is error prone where not well formalized models lead to unexpected security breaches. Within the access control models RBAC has proved to be flexible but is not adapted to model the multi-institutional aspect. In this context, we propose a formal access control model, ORBAC (Organization Based Access Control model), that encompass all the concepts required to express a security policy in complex distributed organizations. Its generality and formal foundation makes this model the best candidate to serve as a common framework for setting up Virtual Organizations.


Title:

GRAPHICAL SPECIFICATION OF DYNAMIC NETWORK STRUCTURE

Author(s):

Fredrik Seehusen and Ketil Stølen

Abstract:

We present a language, MEADOW, for specifying dynamic networks from a structural viewpoint. We demonstrate MEADOW in three examples addressing dynamic reconfiguration in the setting of object-oriented networks, ad hoc networks and mobile code networks. MEADOW is more expressive than any language of this kind (e.g. SDL-2000 agent diagrams, composite structures in UML 2.0) that we are aware of, but maintains, in our opinion, the simplicity and elegance of these languages.


Title:

DIALOGUE ACT MODELLING FOR ANALYSIS AND SPECIFICATION OF WEB-BASED INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Ying Liang

Abstract:

Web-based information systems aim to enable people to live and do thing in society with help of computer systems on internet. User interfaces and navigation structures of these systems become more important and critical than the ones of traditional information systems to the user because of the nature of these systems. The experiences on requirements analysis and specification of these systems have shown need of gathering and specifying communicational requirements for the system in the analysis model as a basis for designing user interfaces and navigation structures. This paper addressed this issue and proposes a dialogue act modelling approach that has focus on communicational requirements with pragmatic and descriptive views in terms of the Speech Theory in the social science and the object modelling techniques in Software Engineering.


Title:

REAL TIME DETECTION OF NOVEL ATTACKS BY MEANS OF DATA MINING TECHNIQUES

Author(s):

Marcello Esposito, Claudio Mazzariello, Francesco Oliviero, Simon Pietro Romano and Carlo Sansone

Abstract:

Rule-based Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) rely on a set of rules to discover attacks in network traffic. Such rules are usually hand-coded by a security administrator and statically detect one or few attack types: minor modifications of an attack may result in detection failures. For that reason, signature based classification is not the best technique to detect novel or slightly modified attacks. In this paper we approach this problem by extracting a set of features from network traffic and computing rules which are able to classify such traffic. Such techniques are usually employed in off line analysis, as they are very slow and resource-consuming. We want to state the affordability of a detection technique which combines the use of a common signature-based intrusion detection system and the deployment of a pattern recognition technique. We will introduce the problem, describe the developed architecture and show some experimental results to demonstrate the usability of such a system.


Title:

A THEORETICAL PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS METHOD FOR BUSINESS PROCESS MODEL

Author(s):

Liping Yang, Ying Liu and Xin Zhou

Abstract:

During designing a business process model, to predict its performance is very important. The performance of business operational process is heavily influenced by its bottlenecks. In order to improve the performance, finding the bottlenecks is critical. This paper proposes a theoretical analysis method for bottleneck detection. An abstract computational model is designed to capture the main elements of a business operational process model. Based on the computational model, a balance equation system is set up. The bottlenecks can be detected by solving the balance equation system. Compared with traditional bottleneck detection methods, this theoretical analysis method has two obvious advantages: the cost of detecting bottlenecks is very low because they can be predicted in design time with no need for system simulation; and it can not only correctly predict the bottlenecks but also give the solutions for improving the bottleneck by solving the balance equation system.


Title:

MULTIVIEWS COMPONENTS FOR INFORMATION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT

Author(s):

Bouchra El Asri, Mahmoud Nassar, Bernard Coulette and Abdelaziz Kriouile

Abstract:

Component based software intends to meet the need of reusability and productivity. View concept allows software flexibility and maintainability. This work addresses the integration of these two concepts. Our team has developed a view-centred approach based on an extension of UML called VUML (View based Unified Modelling Language). VUML provides the notion of multiviews class that can be used to store and deliver information according to users viewpoints. Recently, we have integrated into VUML multiviews component as a unit of software which can be accessed through different viewpoints. A multiviews component has multiviews interfaces that consist of a base interface (shared interface) and a set of view interfaces, corresponding to different viewpoints. VUML allows dynamic changing of viewpoint and offers mechanisms to manage consistency among dependent views. In this paper, we focus on the static architecture of the VUML component model. We illustrate our study with a distant learning system case study.


Title:

DEFINITION OF BUSINESS PROCESS INTEGRATION OPERATORS FOR GENERALIZATION

Author(s):

Georg Grossmann, Yikai Ren, Michael Schrefl and Markus Stumptner

Abstract:

Integration of autonomous object-oriented systems requires the integration of object structure and object behavior. Past research in the integration of autonomous object-oriented systems has so far mainly addressed integration of object structure. During our research we have identified business process correspondences and give proper integration operators. In this paper we define these integration operators by a set of high level operation calls and demonstrate them on a car dealer and car insurance example. For modelling purposes we use a formalised subset of UML activity diagrams.


Title:

RESOURCE-AWARE CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT USING XML FOR MITIGATING INFORMATION ASSURANCE VULNERABILITY

Author(s):

Namho Yoo

Abstract:

This paper suggests an XML-based configuration management for mitigating information assurance vulnerability. Once an information assurance vulnerability notice is given for a system, it is important for reducing massive system engineering efforts for configuration management. When multiple systems are updated by security patches for mitigating system vulnerability, configuration management based on system resource is trivial, in order to increase accuracy, efficiency and effectiveness of software processes. By employing XML technology, we can achieve seamless and efficient configuration management between heterogeneous system format as well as data formats in analysing and exchanging the pertinent information for information assurance vulnerability. Thus, when a system is updated to improve system vulnerability, the proposed XML-based configuration management mechanism refers to the system resource information and analyse the security model and posture of affected sustained system and minimize the propagated negative impact. Then, an executable architecture for implementation to verify the proposed scheme and algorithm and testing environment is presented to mitigate vulnerable systems for sustained system.


Title:

A FRAMEWORK FOR MANAGING MULTIPLE ONTOLOGIES: THE FUNCTION-ORIENTED PERSPECTIVE

Author(s):

Baowen Xu, Peng Wang, Jianjiang Lu, Dazhou Kang and Yanhui Li

Abstract:

Ontologies are now ubiquitous in Semantic Web and knowledge representation areas. Managing multiple ontologies is a challenging issue including comparing existing ontologies, reusing complete ontologies or their parts, maintaining different versions, and so on. However, most previous multiple ontologies management work focused on ontologies maintenance, evolutions, and versioning. They ignored the very important point: exploiting the functions of multiple ontologies provide. This paper proposed a new framework for managing multiple ontologies based on the function-oriented perspective, and its goal is to bring multiple ontologies together to provide more powerful capabilities for the practical applications. The new multiple ontologies management architecture is not only feasible, but also robust in the dynamic and distributed Semantic Web environment.


Title:

INTRUSION DETECTION AND RESPONSE TO AUTOMATED ATTACKS

Author(s):

Shawn Maschino

Abstract:

This paper investigates current research in the fields of intrusion detection and response for automated attacks such as worms, denial-of-service, and distributed denial-of-service attacks. As the number of networked systems rise the ability to detect and respond to attacks is an essential part of system security for protecting data and ensuring availability of systems. This survey highlights current risk due to the latest automated attack technology and applies historical and current research to show the information security approach to detecting and preventing these types of attacks. Recent technologies such as virtualization and grid computing are discussed in relation to the roles they play in this area, and future areas of work are addressed.


Title:

USER-CENTRIC ADAPTIVE ACCESS CONTROL AND RESOURCE CONFIGURATION FOR UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING ENVIRONMENTS

Author(s):

Mike White, Brendan Jennings and Sven van der Meer

Abstract:

Provision of adaptive access control is key to allowing users harness the full potential of ubiquitous computing environments. In this paper, we introduce the M-Zones Access Control (MAC) process, which provides user-centric attribute-based access control, together with automatic reconfiguration of resources in response to the changes in the set of users physically present in the environment and. User control is realised via user-specified policies, which are analysed in tandem with system policies and policies of other users, whenever events occur that require policy decisions and associated configuration operations. In such a system user’s policies may habitually conflict with system policies, or indeed other users’ policies; thus, policy conflict detection and resolution is a critical issue. To address this we describe a conflict detection/resolution method based on a policy precedence scheme. To illustrate the operation of the MAC process and its conflict detection/resolution method, we discuss its realisation in a test bed emulating an office-based ubiquitous computing environment.


Title:

METAPOLICIES AND CONTEXT-BASED ACCESS CONTROL

Author(s):

Ronda R. Henning

Abstract:

An access control policy mediates access between authorized users of a computer system and system resources. Access control policies are defined at a given level of abstraction, such as the file, directory, system, or network, and can be instantiated in layers of increasing (or decreasing) abstraction. In this paper, the concept of a metapolicy, or policy that governs execution of subordinate security policies, is introduced. The metapolicy provides a method to communicate updated higher level policy information to all components of a system; it minimizes the overhead associated with access control decisions by making access decisions at the highest level possible in the policy hierarchy. This paper discusses how metapolicies are defined and how they relate to other access control mechanisms. The rationale for revisiting metapolicies as an access control option is presented. Finally, a proposed research methodology is presented to determine the feasibility of metapolicy derivation and deployment in current generation distributed and federated computing environments


Area 4 - Software Agents and Internet Computing
 
Title:

C# TEMPLATES FOR TIME-AWARE AGENTS

Author(s):

Merik Meriste, Tõnis Kelder, Jüri Helekivi and Leo Motus

Abstract:

Autonomous behaviour of components characterises today computer applications. This has introduced a new generic architecture - multi-agent systems - where the interactions of autonomous proactive components, i.e. agents - are decisive in determining the overall behaviour of the system. Increasingly, the agents' applications need time-awareness of agents and/or their interactions. Therefore the application architecture is to be enhanced with sophisticated time model that enables the study of time-aware behaviour and interactions of agents. The focus of this paper is on the inner structure of an agent that provides explicit hooks for elaboration of time support to enable time-aware behaviour of agents, on the general infrastructure for time-sensitive communication of agents, and on templates for building interactive time-aware agents.


Title:

A NEW MODEL FOR DATABASE SERVICE DISCOVERY IN MOBILE AGENT SYSTEM

Author(s):

Lei Song, Xining Li and Jingbo Ni

Abstract:

One of the main challenges of mobile agent technology is how to locate hosts that provide services specified by mobile agents. As it is a newly emerging research topic, few research groups have paid attention to offering an environment that combines the concept of service discovery and mobile agents to build dynamic distributed systems. Traditional Service Location Protocols (SDPs) can be applied to mobile agent systems to explore the Service Discovery issue. However, because of their architecture deficiencies, they do not adequately solve all the problems that may arise in a dynamic domain such as Database Location Discovery. From this point of view, we need some enhanced service discovery techniques for the mobile community. This article proposes a new model for solving the database service location problem in the domain of mobile agents by implementing a Service Discovery Module based on Search Engine techniques. As a typical interface provided by a mobile agent server, the Service Discovery Module also improves the self-decision intelligent ability of mobile agents with respect to Information Retrieval. This work focuses on the design of an independent search engine, IMAGOSearch and a discussion of how to integrate it with the IMAGO System, thus providing a global scope service location tool for intelligent mobile agents.


Title:

AN ARCHITECTURE FOR INTRUSION DETECTION AND ACTIVE RESPONSE USING AUTONOMOUS AGENTS IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS

Author(s):

Ping Yi, Shiyong Zhang and Yiping zhong

Abstract:

A mobile ad hoc network is a collection of wireless mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized administration. The flexibility in space and time induces new challenges towards the security infrastructure. Contrary to their wired counterpart, mobile ad hoc networks do not have a clear line of defense, and every node must be prepared for encounters with an adversary. Therefore, a centralized or hierarchical network security solution does not work well. We provide scalable, distributed security architecture for mobile ad hoc networks in this paper. The architecture integrates the ideas of immune system and a multi-agent architecture. Compared with traditional security system, the proposed security architecture is designed to be distributed, autonomy, adaptability, scalability.


Title:

A SOFTWARE FRAMEWORK FOR OPEN STANDARD SELF-MANAGING SENSOR OVERLAY FOR WEB SERVICES

Author(s):

Wail Omar, Bassam Ahmad, Azzelarabe Taleb-Bendiab and Yasir Karm

Abstract:

To improve the usability and reliability of grid-based applications, instrumentation middleware services are now proposed and widely accepted as a means to monitor and manage grid users’ applications. A plethora of research works now exist focusing on the design and implementation of a range of software instrumentation techniques (Lee et al. 2003, Reilly and Taleb 2002) to enhance general systems’ management including; QoS, fault-tolerance, systems recovery and load-balancing. However, management and assurance concerns of related to sensors and actuation (effectors) for grid and web services environment received little to no attention. This paper presents a lightweight framework for the generation, deployment and discovery of different types of sensors and actuators together with two associated description languages namely; monitor session description language and sensor and actuation description langue. These are used respectively to describe the set of deployed sensors and actuators in a given self-managing grid infrastructure, and to define monitoring properties and policies of a given target service/application. In addition, the paper presents a developed sensor framework to provide the basic systems awareness fabric layer for managing decentralised web services. The paper concludes with a case study illustrating the use of the sensor framework and monitoring job request to manage and schedule the sensor’s operation.


Title:

LEVELS OF ABSTRACTION IN PROGRAMMING DEVICE ECOLOGY WORKFLOWS

Author(s):

SengW. Loke, Sea Ling, Gerry Butler and Brett Gillick

Abstract:

We explore the notion of the workflow for specifying interactions among collections of devices (which we term "device ecologies"). We discuss three levels of abstraction in programming device ecologies: high-level workflow, low-level workflow and device conversations, and how control (in the sense of operations issued by an end-user on such workflows or exceptions) is passed between levels. Such levels of abstraction are important since the system should be as user friendly as possible while permitting programmability not only at high levels of abstraction but also at low levels of detail. We also present a conceptual architecture for the device ecology workflow engine for executing and managing such workflows.


Title:

GENERIC FAULT-TOLERANT LAYER SUPPORTING PUBLISH/SUBSCRIBE MESSAGING

Author(s):

Milovan Tosic and Arkady Zaslavsky

Abstract:

With the introduction of clustered messaging brokers and the fault-tolerant Mobile Connector, we can guarantee the exactly-once consumption of messages by agents. The context-aware messaging allowed us to decrease the messaging overhead which has to be present in any fault-tolerant solution. This paper proposes a complete fault-tolerant layer for multi-agent systems (EFTL) that does not restrict agent autonomy and mobility in any way. An application can choose if it wants EFTL support and that decision is based on support costs. A persistent publish/subscribe messaging model allows the creation of an external platform-independent fault-tolerant layer. In order to support the multi-agent platforms of different vendors, a large part of the application logic is moved from those platforms to an application server. We present the EFTL system architecture, the algorithm of exactly-once message consumption and the system’s performance analysis.


Title:

LIGHTWEIGHT CLIENT-PULL PROTOCOL FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION

Author(s):

Stefano Sanna, Emanuela De Vita, Andrea Piras and Christian Melchiorre

Abstract:

Consumer mobile devices, such as cellular phones and PDAs, rely on TCP/IP as main communication protocol. However, cellular networks are not reliable as wired and wireless LAN, due to both users mobility and geographical obstacles. Moreover, limited bandwidth outside urban areas requires an application level data priority management, in order to improve user experience and avoid communication stack deadlocks. This paper presents early specification and first prototype of the LCPP (Lightweight Client-Pull Protocol), a UDP-based communication protocol specially designed to provide better performance, fast responsiveness and save processing power on mobile devices. Using some concepts adopted in the field of P2P file sharing, LCPP provides data priority management approach, which enables application to negotiate concurrent access to communication channel and to be notified about delaying, network congestion or remote device inability to process data.


Title:

EVALUATION OF METHODS FOR CONVERTING REQUEST FOR QUOTATION DATA INTO ORDINAL PREFERENCE DATA: ESTIMATING PRODUCT PREFERENCE IN ONLINE SHOPPING SYSTEM

Author(s):

Toshiyuki Ono, Hirofumi Matsuo and Norihisa Komoda

Abstract:

Obtaining timely information on consumer preference is critical in the success of marketing and operations management. Ono and Matsuo (2000) proposed a method for estimating consumer preference that uses the consumers’ history of browsing among possible configurations of personal computer in an online shopping environment. This method consists of three steps: (1) collecting the data on each consumer’s browsing history of quotation and purchase requests, (2) converting requests for quotation and purchase order data into ordinal preference data, and (3) estimating consumer preference on product attributes by applying a multi-attribute utility function. The proposed method assumes that a product configuration quoted later is preferred to those quoted earlier. It also assumes that how many times a production configuration is quoted does not affect the estimate of product preference as long as it is quoted at least once. Although these assumptions are critical in estimating consumer preference, their validity is not examined. In this paper, we examine the validity of such hypotheses on the relationships between the consumer preference and the sequence and frequency of quoted product configurations, and propose six methods for estimating consumer preference. We show experimentally that, for about 60% of the examinees, all of the proposed methods approximate the consumer preference obtained by the conjoint analysis, and that there is little difference in precision between the six methods. Therefore, we conclude that any of proposed six methods can be used equally well for estimating consumer preference in a timely fashion.


Title:

ALIGNMENT OF WEB SITES TO CUSTOMER PROCESSES - A STUDY IN THE BANKING INDUSTRY

Author(s):

Juergen Moormann and Nicole Kahmer

Abstract:

Banks continually claim to supply customer-orientated services. However, banking services are still focused on purely delivering financial products. Customers who approach the bank will usually receive financial products but often no specific solution to their true problem. In that way, customers’ perception of banking services is often far from satisfaction. In addition, important targets of marketing strategy (e.g., customer loyalty, cross- and up-selling) do not get achieved. Therefore, the consistent alignment of financial services to customer processes becomes increasingly important and will significantly enhance the competitiveness of banks. This paper investigates the extent of customer support provided by banks with respect to the customers’ problem solving process. The study focuses on one certain customer interface within the multi-channel approach – the Internet. As the basis of this study, the paper offers the theoretical framework of customer processes. Secondly, it provides an empirical identification of customer processes which has been conducted by means of a comprehensive questionnaire. Thirdly, the evaluation of 100 web sites of banks represent the main part of the study. As a result, the paper reveals that most of the analyzed web sites fail to assist customers within their processes. It will be a major challenge for the banks’ managers to bring together both sides: Developing technically sound front end application systems and at the same time incorporating the idea of a consequent customer-driven approach.


Title:

A MICROKERNEL ARCHITECTURE FOR DISTRIBUTED MOBILE ENVIRONMENTS

Author(s):

Thomas Bopp and Thorsten Hampel

Abstract:

Microkernels are well known in the area of operating systems research. In this paper we adapted the concept of microkernel to the field of Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Learning (CSCW/L) to provide a basic underlying architecture for various collaborative systems. Such architecture serves well for the fields of mobile and distributed collaborative infrastructures with its new inclusion of small mobile devices and ad-hoc network structures. Our architecture provides a distributed object repository for an overlay network of CSCW/L peers. Nodes can dynamically join and leave this network and each peer is still autonomous. In this network different kinds of peers exist depending on the module configuration of a system. So-called super-peers with lots of storage and computing power provide gateways to the network (for example HTTP).


Title:

AN AGENT FOR EMERGENT PROCESS MANAGEMENT

Author(s):

John Debenham

Abstract:

Emergent processes are business processes whose execution is determined by the prior knowledge of the agents involved and by the knowledge that emerges during a process instance. The amount of process knowledge that is relevant to a knowledge-driven process can be enormous and may include common sense knowledge. If a process' knowledge can not be represented feasibly then that process can not be managed; although its execution may be partially supported. In an e-market domain, the majority of transactions, including trading orders, requests for advice and information, are knowledge-driven processes for which the knowledge base is the Internet, and so representing the knowledge is not at issue. Multiagent systems are an established platform for managing complex business processes. What is needed for emergent process management is an intelligent agent that is driven not by a process goal, but by an in-flow of knowledge, where each chunk of knowledge may be uncertain. These agents should assess the extent to which it chooses to believe that the information is correct, and so they require an inference mechanism that can cope with information of differing integrity. An agent is described that achieves this by using ideas from information theory, and by using maximum entropy logic to derive integrity estimates for knowledge about which it is uncertain. Emergent processes are managed by these agents that extract the process knowledge from this knowledge base --- the Internet --- using a suite of data mining bots. The agents make no assumptions about the internals of the other agents in the system including their motivations, logic, and whether they are conscious of a utility function. These agents focus only on the information in the signals that they receive.


Title:

ADVISORY AGENTS IN THE SEMANTIC WEB

Author(s):

Ralf Bruns, Jürgen Dunkel and Sascha Ossowski

Abstract:

In this paper, we describe the advances of the Semantic E-learning Agent project, whose objective is to develop virtual student advisers that render support to university students in order to successfully organize und perform their studies. The advisory agents are developed with novel concepts of the Semantic Web and agent technology. The key concept is the semantic modeling of the domain knowledge by means of XML-based ontology languages such as OWL. Software agents apply ontological and domain knowledge in order to assist human users in their decision making processes. Agent technology enables the incorporation of personal confidential data with public accessible knowledge sources of the Semantic Web in the same inference process.


Title:

BUILDING A LARGE-SCALE INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR THE EDUCATION SECTOR: A PROJECT EXPERIENCE

Author(s):

Pawel Gruszczynski, Bernard Lange, Michal Maciejewski, Cezary Mazurek, Krystian Nowak, Stanislaw Osinski, Maciej Stroinski and Andrzej Swedrzynski

Abstract:

Implementing a large-scale information system for the education sector involves a number of engineering challenges, such as high security and correctness standards imposed by the law, a large and varied group of end users, or fault-tolerance and a distributed character of processing. In this paper we report on our experiences with building and deploying a senior high school recruitment system for five major cities in Poland. We discuss system architecture and design decisions, such as thin vs. rich client, on-line vs. off-line processing, dedicated network vs. Internet environment. We also analyse potential problems our present approach may cause in the future.


Title:

DESIGN OF CONTINUOUS CALL MARKET WITH ASSIGNMENT CONSTRAINTS

Author(s):

A. R. Dani, V. P. Gulati and Arun K Pujari

Abstract:

Today’s companies increasingly use Internet as common communication medium for commercial transactions. Global connectivity and reach of Internet means that companies face increasing competition from various quarters. This requires that companies must optimize the way they do business, change their business processes and introduce new business processes. This has opened up new research issues and electronic or automated negotiation is one such area. Few companies have tried to introduce electronic auctions for procurement and for trade negotiations. In the present paper, we propose the design of continuous call market, which can help enterprises in electronic procurement as well as selling items electronically. The design is based on double sided auctions, where multiple buyers and sellers submit their respective bids and asks. Buyers and sellers can also specify assignment constraints. The main feature of our work is an algorithm, which generates optimum matching with polynomial time complexity under assignment constraints


Title:

BEST PRACTICES AGENT PATTERNS FOR ON-LINE AUCTIONS

Author(s):

Ivan Jureta, Manuel Kolp and Stéphane Faulkner

Abstract:

Today high volume of goods and services is being traded using online auction systems. The growth in size and complexity of architectures to support online auctions requires the use of distributed and cooperative software techniques. In this context, the agent software development paradigm seems appropriate both for their modelling, development and implementation. This paper proposes an agent-oriented patterns analysis of best practices for online auction. The patterns are intended to help both IT managers and software engineers during the requirement specification of an on-line auction system while integrating benefits of agent software engineering.


Title:

A LIGHTWEIGHT APPROACH TO UNBREAKABLE LINKS IN WWW-BASED HYPERTEXT ENVIRONMENTS: “USERS AND TOOLS WANT TO BREAK LINKS”

Author(s):

Thomas Bopp, Thorsten Hampel and Bernd Eßmann

Abstract:

In this paper, we present a lightweight approach to achieve link consistency through a combination of object pointers and WWW-style path-oriented links. Our goal is to allow the use of common web-based tools with our CSCW/L system sTeam, but at the same time achieve link consistency within the system.


Title:

WEB RECOMMENDATION SYSTEM BASED ON A MARKOV-CHAINMODEL

Author(s):

Francois Fouss, Stephane Faulkner, Manuel Kolp, Alain Pirotte and Marco Saerens

Abstract:

This work presents some general procedures for computing dissimilarities between nodes of a weighted, undirected, graph. It is based on a Markov-chain model of random walk through the graph. This method is applied on the architecture of a Multi Agent System (MAS), in which each agent can be considered as a node and each interaction between two agents as a link. The model assigns transition probabilities to the links between agents, so that a random walker can jump from agent to agent. A quantity, called the average first-passage time, computes the average number of steps needed by a random walker for reaching agent k for the first time, when starting from agent i. A closely related quantity, called the average commute time, provides a distance measure between any pair of agents. Yet another quantity of interest, closely related to the average commute time, is the pseudoinverse of the Laplacian matrix of the graph, which represents a similarity measure between the nodes of the graph. These quantities, representing dissimilarities (similarities) between any two agents, have the nice property of decreasing (increasing) when the number of paths connecting two agents increases and when the “length” of any path decreases. The model is applied on a collaborative filtering task where suggestions are made about which movies people should watch based upon what they watched in the past. For the experiments, we build a MAS architecture and we instantiated the agents belief-set from a real movie database. Experimental results show that that the Laplacian-pseudoinverse based similarity outperforms all the other methods.


Title:

ESTIMATION OF THE SECURITY LEVEL IN A MOBILE AND UBIQUITOUS ENVIRONMENT BASED ON THE SEMANTIC WEB

Author(s):

Reijo Savola

Abstract:

The emerging Semantic Web enables semantic discovery and systematic maintenance of information that can be used as reference data when estimating the security level of a network, or a part of it. Using suitable security metrics and ontologies, nodes can estimate the level of security from both their own and the network’s point of view. The most secure applications and communication peers can be selected based on estimation results. In this paper we discuss security level estimation in a mobile and ubiquitous environment based on the Semantic Web. An interdisciplinary security information framework can be built using the Semantic Web to offer metrics and security level information for product quality, the traffic and mobility situation, general statistical knowledge and research results having an effect on the security level.


Title:

PERSONALISATION AND CUSTOMISATION - A STRATEGIC LEVERAGE TO SUSTAIN E-TRADING MARKET SHARE

Author(s):

Jimmy Liu, S.J. Fischer and S. Peters

Abstract:

Electronic banking (e-banking) has emerged the most popular way for retail banks to provide financial services to private households. Stock-trading transformed into e-trading as retail banks created comprehensive web portals for customers to perform financial transactions. Low search costs have sparked fierce price competition. For companies to sustain profitability and retain customers, service differentiation is vital. Personalisation and Customisation (P&C) techniques allow banks to provide this individualised and differentiated service and foster a stronger customer relationship. Various P&C approaches have been examined through case studies of top e-trading companies. A three-layer architecture can be used to which enables P&C to provide an individual service without undermining core business functions.


Title:

DEVELOPING OF MULTISTAGE VIRTUAL SHARED MEMORY MODEL FOR CLUSTER BASED PARALLEL SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Aye Aye Nwe, Khin Mar Soe, Than Nwe Aung, Thinn Thu Naing, Myint Kyi and Pyke Tin

Abstract:

In this paper, we proposed a new multistage virtual shared memory model for cluster based parallel systems. This model can be expanded in hierarchical manner and covered many of the previous clusters of parallel system designs. Queuing theory and Jackson queuing networks are applied for constructing an analytical model. This model gives a closed-form solution for the system performance metrics, such as processor waiting time and system processing power. In development of these analytical models we used open queuing network rules for analyzing a closed queuing network and calculate the input rate of each service center as a function of the input rate for previous service center. The model can be used for evaluating the cluster based parallel processing system or optimizing its specification on design space.


Title:

CREATING JOINT EFFICIENCIES: WEB-ENABLED SUPPLY CHAIN SERVICES FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES

Author(s):

S. M. Muniafu, A. Verbraeck

Abstract:

Currently, about half the population of the world lives in rural areas, and they are disadvantaged regarding access to the basic technical knowledge to exploit the expanding Internet infrastructure. They lack readily available supportive tools, methodologies, and the capability to take advantage of the newly developed technologies to integrate their supply chains. This paper identifies the need for designing environments to support the development of web-enabled supply chain services for rural areas, based on the concept of a so-called design studio, which uses simulation models and collaboration technology to facilitate the design. The practical applicability of the concept in creating joint efficiencies is discussed before concluding that the conceptual model presented may provide a much-needed solution to some of the failures and problems faced when trying to put supply chains in rural areas onto the web. Exploratory cases are being carried out to prove and validate the applicability of the concept


Title:

USING ONTOLOGIES TO PROSPECT OFFERS ON THE WEB

Author(s):

Rafael Cunha Cardoso, Fernando da Fonseca de Souza and Ana Carolina Salgado

Abstract:

Today, information retrieval and extraction systems perform an important role getting relevant information from the World Wide Web (WWW). Semantic Web, which can be seen as the Web’s future, introduces a set of concepts and tools that are being used to insert “intelligence” into contents of the current WWW. Among such concepts, Ontologies play a fundamental role in this new environment. Through ontologies, software agents can cover the Web “understanding” its meaning in order to execute more complex and useful tasks. This work presents an architecture that uses Semantic Web concepts allied to Regular Expressions (regex) to develop a device that retrieves/extracts specific domain information from the Web (HTML documents). The prototype developed, based on this architecture, gets data about offers announced on supermarkets Web sites, using Ontologies and regex to achieve this goal.


Title:

APPROACHES OF WEB SERVICES COMPOSITION - COMPARISON BETWEEN BPEL4WS AND OWL-S

Author(s):

Daniela Barreiro Claro, Patrick Albers and Jin-Kao Hao

Abstract:

Web service technologies offer users web applications and allow them to connect to different required services. Web Services technologies allow interaction between applications. Sometimes a single service given alone does not meet user’s needs. In this case, it is necessary to compose several services in order to achieve the user’s goal. For composing web services, we developed an example using two main approaches: the first one is BPEL4WS, a Business Process composition, and the other is OWL-S, an ontology specifically for web services composition. In this paper we compare the features of these two approaches and we propose a mechanism to improve service discovery.


Title:

HYBRID APPLICATION SUPPORT FOR MOBILE INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Volker Gruhn and Malte Hülder

Abstract:

The wide-spread presence of wireless networks and the availability of mobile devices has enabled the development of mobile applications that take us a step closer to accomplishing Weiser's vision of ubiquitous computing, unfortunately network connectivity is still not given anywhere and at any time. To increase the benefit of mobile applications, the next logical step is to provide support for an offline mode, that allows to continuously work with an application, even when the device is disconnected from a network. In this paper typical problems of replicating data are explained, possible solutions are discussed and two architectural patterns are illustrated, that could be used to implement hybrid support.


Title:

WEB ENGINEERING : AN ASPECT ORIENTED APPROACH

Author(s):

Joumana Dargham and Sukaina Al Nasrawi

Abstract:

Web-Engineering has become, nowadays, the main research interest for software developers. With the spreading of use of the World Wide Web and the need for a new category of applications the research community has shifted its interest toward a new era of applications: web-based applications. To parallel the fast growth of the technology and the new needs for general/special web-applications, research should be done to improve the development and standardize it as it is done for non-web applications. Many development and programming tools were implemented to support web-engineering, however studies at the design level are still premature. Frameworks, design methodologies and web-based development tools are at an experimental level and depend on individuals efforts. In this context and considering that overheads for web-development are obstacles more than new methodologies, we are adopting the aspect-oriented approach for the development of web-applications. Common aspects can be defined and the OOHDM concepts can be mapped into an aspect-oriented design model.


Title:

BOOSTING ITEM FINDABILITY: BRIDGING THE SEMANTIC GAP BETWEEN SEARCH PHRASES AND ITEM INFORMATION

Author(s):

Hasan Davulcu, Hung V. Nguyen and Vish Ramachandran

Abstract:

Most search engines do their text query and retrieval based on keyword phrases. However, publishers cannot anticipate all possible ways in which users search for the items in their documents. In fact, many times, there may be no direct keyword match between a search phrase and descriptions of items that are perfect “hits” for the search. We present a highly automated solution to the problem of bridging the semantic gap between item information and search phrases. Our system can learn rule-based definitions that can be ascribed to search phrases with dynamic connotations by extracting structured item information from product catalogs and by utilizing a frequent itemset mining algorithm. We present experimental results for a realistic e-commerce domain. Also, we compare our rule-mining approach to vector-based relevance feedback retrieval techniques and show that our system yields definitions that are easier to validate and perform better.


Title:

J2EE VERSUS ZOPE

Author(s):

Paul L. Juell, Syed M. Rahman and Akram Salah

Abstract:

This paper compares several features between J2EE and Zope technologies. Both technologies have individual strength and will be appropriate in individual contexts. In choosing a development environment or technology for web applications, a criterion is needed to assess the available development technologies. In order to do this comparison, we have designed a web-based prototype for "managing research information" and implemented the prototype in both technologies. We have compared several key features in both technologies including content managements, session handling, safe delegation, security, and testing facilities. The comparison in this paper forms a basis for making choices for web development technology for academia and industry.


Title:

PROVIDING PEER-TO-PEER FEATURES TO EXISTING CLIENT-SERVER CSCW SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Bernd Eßmann and Holger Funke

Abstract:

Developers of classical client-server CSCW systems are facing a true dilemma: They created a working cooperation environment for many scenarios of cooperative work. Since users get independent to fixed places by using mobile devices interconnected by ad-hoc networks, the support of mobility becomes an important topic of CSCW. Furthermore, while client-server architectures do not work well in dynamic networks, P2P systems enter the field of CSCW. But, is it a good approach to discard the well working client-server system in order to implement a brand-new P2P system from scratch? Our approach is extending our CSCW platform step-by-step with P2P abilities without loosing the advantages of client-server computing. This paper describes the first step of wrapping the RMI-based communication protocol into an industry standard P2P protocol called JXTA. We do this by first identifying the vital features of CSCW systems like e.\,g. sequent communication and event handling. These results in the development of grounding concepts for the then described concrete implementation for our CSCW system.


Title:

A FRAMEWORK FOR DISTRIBUTED OBJECTS IN PEER-TO-PEER COOPERATION ENVIRONMENTS

Author(s):

Bernd Eßmann and Thorsten Hampel

Abstract:

The dictum of the mobile society demands new qualities to systems for computer supported cooperative work (CSCW). The collaboration support today includes distant cooperation as well as face-to-face meeting. Application providing the needed support have to deal with heterogeneous network environments and have be able to establish a network from scratch, when existing infrastructures are not available. While client/server architectures are not useful in such network environments, peer-to-peer architectures seem to be the design of choice. With JXTA a powerful peer-to-peer framework exists that allows building peer-to-peer applications. What is missing, is a concept for combining cooperative objects and services in a shared workspace. In this paper we present the concept of distributed knowledge spaces. It is derived from the well proven concept of virtual knowledge spaces. Besides the conceptual approach this paper introduces the architecture for an peer-to-peer application providing the required scalable architecture and basic mechanism for providing the distributed knowledge spaces.


Title:

FRAMEWORK FOR HIERARCHICAL MOBILE AGENTS: TOWARD SERVICE-ORIENTED AGENT COMPOUND

Author(s):

Fuyuki Ishikawa, Nobukazu Yoshioka, Yasuyuki Tahara and Shinichi Honiden

Abstract:

Hierarchical mobile agent model is an extension of the mobile agent model. In the model, an agent can migrate into another agent and form a parent-child relationship (the accepting agent becomes the parent). This model enables agents to form synthesis to integrate functions. Especially, it enables agents to interact with each other locally, not through remote connections, and keep the partnership stable for a long term even if the agents migrate around. This work proposes MAFEH framework, where control of parent-child relationship is enhanced and made easy. The framework includes two features: (1) Parent-Child Agreement that denotes an agreement on behaviors of a parent and a child, and (2) Interaction Partner Description that is used to specify synthesis actions separated from the main application logic. This work also considers adoption of the framework to multimedia application, where an agent encapsulates a multimedia content and forms synthesis with various agents encapsulating other contents or providing additional services.


Title:

CONTENT PACKAGE ADAPTATION: A WEB SERVICES APPROACH

Author(s):

Ricardo Fraser and Permanand Mohan

Abstract:

The IMS Content Packaging Specification is a format that facilitates the deployment of discrete units of learning resources based on an XML structure called a manifest. The contents and structure of a content package are determined at design time when it is created. Since the package has been authored for use in a particular instructional setting, re-purposing the content package to meet the demands of a different instructional setting is difficult. Although there have been attempts to improve the flexibility of the package such as using IMS Simple Sequencing, the adaptation provided is still inadequate. In this paper we argue that Web Services can be used to facilitate the dynamic adaptation of a content package so that it can be reused in diverse instructional scenarios and accessed by additional learners who otherwise would not be able to utilize it. We present a framework for adaptation based on Web Services and identify a representative set of Web Services that could be used for content package adaptation. We then discuss in detail the Media Integration and Translation Services for Accessibility (MITSA), a category of Web Services designed to promote media accessibility of a content package. Finally, we conclude by highlighting the benefits of the Web Services approach for content package adaptation.


Title:

INTEGRATING AGENT TECHNOLOGIES INTO ENTERPRISE SYSTEMS USING WEB SERVICES

Author(s):

Eduardo H. Ramírez and Ramón F. Brena

Abstract:

In this work we present a decoupled architectural approach that allows Software Agents to interoperate with enterprise systems using Web Services. The solution leverages existing technologies and standards in order to reduce the time-to-market and increase the adoption of agent-based applications. Insights on applications that may be enhanced by the model are presented.


Title:

SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE WITH EMERGENT SEMANTICS - HOW CAN SYSTEMS BE WEAKLY COUPLED, BUT STRONGLY REFERENCED

Author(s):

Len Yabloko

Abstract:

applying well known results of research in non-monotonic reasoning to emergent semantics


Title:

ADDING SUPPORT FOR DYNAMIC ONTOLOGIES TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE BASES

Author(s):

Upmanyu Misra, Zhengxiang Pan and Jeff Heflin

Abstract:

An ontology version needs to be created when changes are to be made in an ontology while keeping the basic structure of the ontology more or less intact. It has been shown that an Ontology Perspective theory can be applied on a set of ontology versions. In this paper, we present a Virtual Perspective Interface (VPI) based on this theory that ensures that old data is still accessible through ontology modifications and can be accessed using new ontologies, in addition to the older ontologies which may still be in use by legacy applications. We begin by presenting the problems that are to be dealt with when such an infrastructure needs be created. Then we present possible solutions that may be used to tackle such problems. Finally, we provide an analysis of these solutions to support the one that we have implemented.


Title:

AUCTION BASED SYSTEM FOR ELECTRONIC COMMERCE TRANSACTION

Author(s):

A. R. Dani, V. P. Gulati and Arun K. Pujari

Abstract:

Auctions provide efficient price discovery mechanism for sellers. Auctions are being used for the sale of variety of objects. In the last few years auction based protocols are widely used in electronic commerce. Auction-based systems have been developed for electronic procurement. In this paper we propose systems for electronic commerce transactions, which can support electronic procurement as well as help enterprises to sell items. We also consider assignment constraints that may be required in different commercial transactions. In this paper we consider forward and reverse auctions. We formulate the problem as mixed integer programming problem. Then we propose an algorithm to obtain optimum solution and compute pay-off. The system can also handle different types of assignment constraints.


Title:

DYNAMIC COALITION IN AGENT AWARE ADHOC VIRTUAL P2P INTERCONNECT GRID COMPUTING SYSTEM – A3PVIGRID

Author(s):

Avinash Shankar, Chattrakul Sombattheera, Aneesh Krishna, Aditya Ghose and Philip Ogunbona

Abstract:

The Field of Distributed computing and artificial intelligence are much researched fields and are as old as the popularization and usage of personal computers. The last few years have been exciting times for researchers and scientists alike due to the phenomenal advancements in computing and computational sciences. The field of Multi agent systems [1] try to add the “intelligence factor” into goal based programs which tend to communicate and negotiate using agent languages such as KQML [2]. The primary problems such as resource and service discovery models, load balancing and scheduling, brokering, etc are prevailing in grid systems due to bottlenecks such as bandwidth and network traffic in communication infrastructures and their associated costs in fabricating a scalable and cost effect Grid services infrastructure. This paper is an extension of many different architectural schematics(CBReM [3], CBWeB [4], gridCoED [5], AviGrid [6] ) and load balancing schemes [Eager et al 3 algorithms[7], Mitizenmachers randomness Algorithms [8], ICHU [9], CoED [10], gridCoED [11], Aviload [12]] previously researched that tends to provide a Coalition framework for Multi Agent based peer to peer Grid computing systems that are based on a Web / Grid services schematic. The primary goals of the paper is to apply coalition formation in agents; add efficient load balancing and scheduling (AviLoad Scheduler); to provide a replacement solution to resource discovery models by applying application oriented directory services and Economic brokering services to the agent aware adhoc p2p virtual interconnect grid computing system or A3pvigrid system.


Title:

NARRATIVE SUPPORT FOR TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS: FORMALISING RHETORICAL STRUCTURE THEORY

Author(s):

Nishadi De Silva and Peter Henderson

Abstract:

Business Process Re-engineering (BPR) is an area that requires a lot of technical documents and an important feature of a well-written document is a coherent narrative. Even though computer software has helped authors in many other aspects of writing, support for narratives is almost non-existent. Therefore, we introduce CANS (Computer-Aided Narrative Support), a tool that uses Rhetorical Structure Theory to enhance the narrative of a document. From this narrative, the tool generates questions to prompt the author for the content of the document. CANS also allows the author to explore alternative narratives for a document. A catalogue of predefined narrative structures for popular types of documents is provided too. Our tool is still in its rudimentary stages but sufficiently complete to be demonstrated.


Title:

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A CONTEXT-BASED SYSTEM FOR COMPOSITION OF WEB SERVICES

Author(s):

Wassam Zahreddine and Qusay H. Mahmoud

Abstract:

This paper investigates web services and mobile agents as two individually powerful technologies and when combined together, provides ease of use and reliability for any user. Currently businesses are starting to take advantage of web services and home users are beginning to see the light as well. However, web services have their shortfalls but with the help of mobile agents these weaknesses can be overcome. A single Web service may not be enough to satisfy a user’s requirements. It might be necessary to combine multiple Web services together (a composite service) to satisfy a requirement; that is where agents can be used to compose Web services on behalf of their users. On the other hand, when agents move around to perform a task on behalf of a user, they will need to execute a service and such a service might be a Web service itself. In this paper we discuss a novel approach for integrating mobile agents and web services, and a proof of concept implementation.


Title:

A FRAMEWORK FOR WEB APPLICATIONS DEVELOPMENT: A SOAP BASED COMMUNICATION PROTOCOL

Author(s):

Samar Tawbi, Jean-Paul Bahsoun and Bilal Chebaro

Abstract:

The rapid evolution of interactive Internet services has led to both a constantly increasing number of modern Web sites and to an increase in their functionality, which makes them more complicated to be built. In this context, we have proposed a generic approach for Web site development that manages the operational content of this kind of applications. A framework has been defined to support the development of web applications’ processing tasks as Web services and the communication protocols with the users of these services. In this paper, we will expose the general structure of this framework, and we will focus on the communication protocol defined between the users and the system. Our approach in this protocol addresses universal clients; it is based on the SOAP protocol, XML language and their related technologies. It adopts the concept of Web services but uses it for providing code results rather than information results as it is known in the Web society.


Title:

PREDICTING THE PERFORMANCE OF DATA TRANSFER IN A GRID ENVIRONMENT

Author(s):

A.B.M Russel and Savitri Bevinakoppa

Abstract:

In a Grid environment, only implementing a parallel algorithm for data transfer or multiple parallel jobs allocation doesn’t give reliable data transfer. There is a need to predict the data transfer performance before allocating the parallel processes on grid nodes. A predictive framework will be a solution in this scenario. In this paper we propose a predictive framework for performing efficient data transfer. Our framework considers different phases for providing information about efficient and reliable participating nodes in a computational Grid environment. Our experimental results reveal that multivariable predictors provide better accuracy compared to univariable predictors. We observe that the Neural Network prediction technique provides better prediction accuracy compared to the Multiple Linear Regression and Decision Regression. Our proposed ranking factor overcomes the problem of considering fresh participating nodes in data transfer.


Title:

JOB SCHEDULING IN COMPUTATIONAL GRID USING GENETIC ALGORITHMS

Author(s):

Mohsin Saleem and Savitri Bevinakoppa

Abstract:

The computational Grid is a collection of heterogeneous computing resources connected via networks to provide computation for the high-performance execution of applications. To achieve this high-performance, an important factor is the scheduling of the applications/jobs on the compute resources. Scheduling of jobs is challenging because of the heterogeneity and dynamic behaviour of the Grid resources. Moreover the jobs to be scheduled also have varied computational requirements. In general the scheduling problem is NP-complete. For such problems, Genetic Algorithms (GAs) are reckoned as useful tools to find high-quality solutions. In this paper, a customised form of GAs is used to find suboptimal schedules for the execution of independent jobs, with no inter-communications, in the computational Grid environment with the objective of minimising the makespan. Further, while using the GA-based approach the solution is encoded in the form of chromosome, which not only represents the allocation of the jobs onto the resources but also specifies the order in which the jobs have to be executed. Simple genetic operators i.e., crossover and mutation are used. The selection is done on the using Tournament Selection and Elitism strategies. It was observed that the specification of order of the jobs to be executed on the Grid resources played a significant role in minimising the makespan. The results obtained from the experiments performed were also compared with other heuristics and the GA-based approach by other researchers for job-scheduling in the computational Grid environment. It was observed that the GA-based approach used in this paper was able to achieve much better performance in terms of makespan.


Title:

IMPLEMENTING A DYNAMIC PRICING SCHEME FOR QOS ENABLED IPV6 NETWORKS

Author(s):

El-Bahlul Fgee, Shyamala Sivakumar, W.J. Phillips and W. Robertson and J. Kenny

Abstract:

Currently the Internet based on IP networks supports a single best-effort service. In this scheme, all packets are queued and forwarded with the same priority. No guarantees are made that a given packet will actually reach its destination; much less arrive in a time (Borella, 2004). However, many Electronic Commerce applications make use of the Internet as a transport infrastructure because of its reach-ability, popularity and cost efficiency. Typically, these applications are delay and loss sensitive and the packet may be encrypted for security reasons. Challenges faced by ISPs supporting e-commerce traffic include enhancing their traffic flow handling capabilities, speeding the processing of these packets at core routers, and incorporating Quality of Service (QoS) methods to differentiate between traffic flows of different classes. These schemes add to the infrastructure costs of network providers which can be recovered by introducing extra charges for traffic requiring special handling. Many pricing schemes have been proposed for QoS-enabled networks. However, integrated pricing and admission control has not been studied in detail. In this paper a dynamic pricing model is integrated with an IPv6 QoS manager to study the effects of increasing traffic flows rates on the increased cost of delivering high priority traffic flows. The pricing agent that is part of the QoS manager assigns the prices for each traffic flow accepted by the domain manager. These prices are dynamically calculated according to the network status. Combining the pricing strategy with the QoS manager allows only higher priority traffic packets that are willing to pay more to be processed during congestion. This approach is flexible and scalable as end-to-end pricing is decoupled from the network core and core nodes are not involved in QoS decisions and reservations.


Title:

PEDAGOGICAL FRAMEWORKS AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR ONLINE NETWORK LABORATORY INSTRUCTION - RESEARCH ISSUES IN MATCHING TECHNOLOGY TO PEDAGOGICAL PROCESSES

Author(s):

Shyamala Sivakumar

Abstract:

We investigate the technological issues involved in designing an electronic learning system that adapts pedagogical approaches and best practice instructional strategies to model, design and implement a blended virtual learning space. We discuss technology issues that are challenging in the design and implementation of a modular integrated web environment (IWE) used to deliver online network laboratory learning. We show that the IWE must incorporate an online laboratory tutorial system for guided practice to elicit performance from the learner. Also, the learning space must be designed to match the quality of service (QoS) requirements to the interaction taking place in the learning space and the characteristics of the delivery media must be matched to learning process. This approach promotes good student interaction & infrastructure management.


Title:

TRANSCENDING TAXONOMIES WITH GENERIC AND AGENT-BASED E-HUB ARCHITECTURES

Author(s):

George Kontolemakis, Marisa Masvoula, Panagiotis Kanellis and Drakoulis Martakos

Abstract:

If effectively utilized, modern technologies such as ontologies and software agents hold the potential to inform the design of the next generation of E-Hubs. In terms of their evolution, we argue that taxonomies as tools hold the danger of stifling innovation as they may implicitly impose boundaries on the problem domain. We proceed to use one that is well-referenced in the literature and identify a number of issues that can be seen as limiting factors, proposing a generic and agent-mediated architecture that holds the potential of addressing them.


Title:

TESTING WEB APPLICATIONS INTELLIGENTLY BASED ON AGENT

Author(s):

Lei Xu and Baowen Xu

Abstract:

Web application testing is concerned with numerous and complicated testing objects, methods and processes. In order to improve the testing efficiency, the automatic and intelligent level of the testing execution should be enhanced. So combined with the specialties of the Web applications, the necessity and feasibility of the automatic and intelligent execution of the Web application testing are analyzed firstly; Then, on the base of the related work, the executing process of the Web application testing is detailedly described and thoroughly analysed, so as to determine the steps and flows of the testing execution along with the adopted techniques and tools; next, improve the capture-replay technique and make it fit for the dynamic characters of Web applications, and adopt the intelligent Agent to realize the monitor, management and exception-handler of the whole testing execution. Thus, in this way, the process of the Web application testing can be implemented automatically and intelligently.


Area 5 - Human-Computer Interaction
 
Title:

OPENDPI: A TOOLKIT FOR DEVELOPING DOCUMENT-CENTERED ENVIRONMENTS

Author(s):

Olivier Beaudoux and Michel Beaudouin-Lafon

Abstract:

Documents are ubiquitous in modern desktop environments, yet these environments are based on the notion of application rather than document. As a result, editing a document often requires juggling with several applications to edit its different parts. This paper presents OpenDPI, an experimental user-interface toolkit designed to create document-centered environments, therefore getting rid of the concept of application. OpenDPI relies on the DPI (Document, Presentation, Instrument) model: documents are visualized through one or more presentations, and manipulated with interaction instruments. The implementation is based on a component model that cleanly separates documents from their presentations and from the instruments that edit them. OpenDPI supports advanced visualization and interaction techniques such as magic lenses and bimanual interaction. Document sharing is also supported with single display groupware as well as remote shared editing. The paper describes the component model and illustrates the use of the toolkit through concrete examples, including multiple views and concurrent interaction.


Title:

WAVELETS TRANSFORMS APPLIED TO TERMITE DETECTION

Author(s):

Carlos G. Puntonet, Isidro Lloret Galiana and Juan Jose de la Rosa

Abstract:

In this paper we present an study which shows the possibility of using wavelets to detect transients produced by termites. Identification has been developed by means of analyzing the impulse response of three sensors undergoing natural excitations. De-noising by wavelets exhibits good performance up to SNR=-30 dB, in the presence of white gaussian noise. The test can be extended to similar vibratory or acoustic signals resulting from impulse responses.


Title:

EFFICIENT JOIN PROCESSING FOR COMPLEX RASTERIZED OBJECTS

Author(s):

Hans-Peter Kriegel, Peter Kunath, Martin Pfeifle, Matthias Renz

Abstract:

One of the most common query types in spatial database management systems is the spatial intersection join. Many state-of-the-art join algorithms use minimal bounding rectangles to determine join candidates in a first filter step. In the case of very complex spatial objects, as used in novel database applications including computer-aided design and geographical information systems, these one-value approximations are far too coarse leading to high refinement cost. These expensive refinement cost can considerably be reduced by applying adequate compression techniques. In this paper, we introduce an efficient spatial join suitable for joining sets of complex rasterized objects. Our join is based on a cost-based decompositioning algorithm which generates replicating compressed object approximations taking the actual data distribution and the used packer characteristics into account. The experimental evaluation on complex rasterized real-world test data shows that our new concept accelerates the spatial intersection join considerably.


Title:

MODELS’ SPECIFICATIONS TO BUILD ADAPTATIVE MENUS

Author(s):

Gérard Kubryk

Abstract:

Web engineering becomes more and more important in the last years. The research community has identified the need to offer new methods and methodologies in order to build a good environment to develop web information systems and to offer to the users menus which are perfectly adapted to their requirements. WEB and audio services have to provide the best services possible. To achieve this goal, they have to find out what the customers are doing without altering their privacy. This paper presents two classes of models, mathematical and learning models, and four possible ways to manage and build adaptative menus. These methods are gravity analogy, learning by ants analogy, learning by sanction reinforcement, learning by genetic algorithm. Later on, a comparison of these four models will be made based on two criteria: efficiency (answering time and computer load) and accuracy with customer expectation. The final step will be to carry out psychological analysis of user activity, meaning, “what is my perception of time into and between service consultation” to determine ways to set parameters of such a system


Title:

AUTOJOIN: PROVIDING FREEDOM FROM SPECIFYING JOINS

Author(s):

Terrence Mason, Lixin Wang and Ramon Lawrence

Abstract:

SQL is not appropriate for casual users as it requires understanding relational schemas and how to construct joins. Many new query interfaces insulate users from the logical structure of the database, but they require the automatic discovery of valid joins. Although specific query interfaces implement join determination algorithms, they are tied to the specific language and typically limited in scope or scalability. AutoJoin provides a general solution to the query inference problem, which allows more complex queries to be executed on larger and more complicated schemas. It enumerates query interpretations at least an order of magnitude faster than previous methods. In addition, the engine reduces the number of queries considered ambiguous. Experimental results demonstrate that query inference can be efficiently performed on large, complex schemas allowing simpler access to databases through keyword search or conceptual query languages. AutoJoin also provides programmers with a tool to iteratively create SQL queries without requiring explicit knowledge of the structure of a database.


Title:

DYNAMIC USER INTERFACES FOR SEMI-STRUCTURED CONVERSATIONS

Author(s):

James E. Hanson, Prabir Nandi, Santhosh Kumaran and Paul Foreman

Abstract:

The growing complexity of application-to-application interactions has motivated the development of an architectural model with first-class support for multi-step, stateful message exchanges—i.e., conversations—and a declarative means of specifying conversational protocols. In this paper, we extend this architectural model to encompass UI-enabled devices, thereby enabling it to cover human-to-application conversations as well. This permits either participant to be human-driven, automated, or anywhere in between, without affecting the nature of the interaction or of the other participant. The UI-enabled conversational model also reduces the difficulty of developing conversational applications, providing significant benefits both for UI and for application developers. We describe the architecture of a UI-enabled conversational system that supports a variety of user devices, and includes a means by which UI markup may be automatically generated from the conversational protocols used. We go through a sample application currently implemented using a commercially available application server, and further describe a graphical tool for editing and testing conversational protocols, that significantly eases the protocol development process.


Title:

IMPLEMENTING MULTILINGUAL INFORMATION FRAMEWORK IN APPLICATIONS USING TEXTUAL DISPLAY

Author(s):

Satyendra Gupta, Samuel Cruz-Lara and Laurent Romary

Abstract:

This paper presents implementation of MLIF (Multilingual Information Framework), a high level model for describing multilingual data across wide range of possible applications in translation/localization process within several multimedia domains (e.g. broadcasting of interactive multimedia applications), natural language interfaces, geographical information systems for multilingual communities.


Title:

AN INTERFACE USABILITY TEST FOR THE EDITOR MUSICAL

Author(s):

Irene K. Ficheman, Andréia R. Pereira, Diana F. Adamatti, Ivan C. A. de Oliveira, Roseli D. Lopes, Jaime S. Sichman, José R. de Almeida Amazonas and Lucia V. L. Filgueiras

Abstract:

This paper presents an usability test conducted for a music composition edutainment software called Editor Musical. The software, which offers creative virtual learning environments, has been developed in collaboration between the University of São Paulo, Laboratório de Sistemas Integráveis (LSI) da Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo (USP) and the São Paulo State Symphony Orchestra, Coordenadoria de Programas Educacionais da Orquestra Sinfônica do Estado de São Paulo (OSESP). This paper focuses on the description of a usability test applied to children between 8 and 9 years old. The goal of the test was to verify the easiness of its use and to elaborate a final report that will guide the development of new improved versions of the software.


Title:

WHY ANTHROPOMORPHIC USER INTERFACE FEEDBACK CAN BE EFFECTIVE AND PREFERRED BY USERS

Author(s):

Pietro Murano

Abstract:

This paper addresses and resolves an interesting question concerning the reason for anthropomorphic user interface feedback being more effective (in two of three contexts) and preferred by users compared to an equivalent non-anthropomorphic feedback. Firstly the paper will summarise the author’s three internationally published experiments and results. These will show statistically significant results indicating that in two of the three contexts anthropomorphic user interface feedback is more effective and preferred by users. Secondly some of the famous work by Reeves and Nass will be introduced. This basically shows that humans behave in a social manner towards computers through a user interface. Thirdly the reasons for the obtained results by the author are inextricably linked to the work of Reeves and Nass. It can be seen that the performance results and preferences are due to the subconscious social behaviour of humans towards computers through a user interface. The conclusions reported in this paper are of significance to user interface designers as they allow one to design interfaces which match more closely our human characteristics. These in turn would enhance the profits of a software house.


Title:

VISUAL DATA MINING TOOLS: QUALITY METRICS DEFINITION AND APPLICATION

Author(s):

Edwige Fangseu Badjio and François Poulet

Abstract:

The main purpose of this work is to integrate HCI (Human Computer Interaction) requirements in visual data mining tools engineering. We present the definition of metrics/measurements in order to improve the quality of those tools at all the steps or after the development process. On the basis of these metrics/measurements, we have derived a questionnaire for the evaluation of the utility, the usability and the acceptability of visual data mining environments. A case study enables us to concretely materialize the contribution of the measurements and also to detect and explain (design and usage) errors. We contribute thus to the improvement of the quality of this type of software.


Title:

INTERACTIVE DATAMINING PROCESS BASED ON HUMAN-CENTERED SYSTEM FOR BANKING MARKETING APPLICATIONS

Author(s):

Olivier Couturier, Engelbert Mephu Nguifo and Brigitte Noiret

Abstract:

Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD) is the new hope for banking marketing due to the increasing collection of large databases. There is a paradox because the bank must improve the development policy of customer loyalty by using methods that do not allow to treat large quantities of data. Our current work is the results of a study that we led on a association rules mining in banking marketing problem. Our first encouraging results steered our work towards a hierarchical association rules mining, using a user-driven approach rather than an automatic approach. The user is at the heart of the process by playing a role of evolutionary heuristic. Mining process is oriented depending on intermediate expert’s choices. The final aim of our approach is to use the advantages of the two methods to decrease both number of generated rules and more especially expertise time. We use visual datamining in order to propose powerful and adapted tools for the banking marketing service. This paper presents the results of our research step for including the user into banking marketing applications.


Title:

EVALUATION CONCEPT FOR INTEGRATED KNOWLEDGE AND CO-OPERATION PLATFORMS

Author(s):

Claudia Loroff

Abstract:

This article introduces a concept for evaluating integrated knowledge and co-operation platforms which was derived from systematic examination of computer supported co-operative work (CSCW) and knowledge management systems and from research of available evaluation approaches to CSCW and knowledge management systems. It consists of various evaluation perspectives (individual, group, organisation, environment and technical system), thereby introducing comprehensive objectives, specifying topics, exemplary items, and potential survey methods for these perspectives. Considering experiences made with this concept, potential implementation scenarios are introduced.


Title:

DESIGN PRINCIPLES FOR DESKTOP 3D USER INTERFACES - CASE MOVIE PLAZA

Author(s):

Marja Tyynelä, Timo Jokela, Minna Isomursu, Petri Kotro and Olli Mannerkoski

Abstract:

3D user interfaces in desktop applications are becoming more common and available to all users. However, not many guidelines are available to support desktop 3D user interface design. We derived a set of design principles from the practices of a company specialized to 3D graphics and user interfaces and made a prototype to evaluate these principles. The results of our evaluations show that some of the principles - on the structure of the space, navigation and interaction - helped users while some others did not have the desired impact. We conclude that design guidelines for 3D user interfaces can be derived from the designers’ practices but research is needed to make principles more specific and to test their affect more precisely.


Title:

TWO SIMPLE ALGORITHMS FOR DOCUMENT IMAGE PREPROCESSING - MAKING A DOCUMENT SCANNING APPLICATION MORE USER-FRIENDLY

Author(s):

Aleš Jaklič and Blaž Vrabec

Abstract:

Automatic Document scanning is a useful part of an information system at personal identification checkpoints such as airports, border crossings, banks etc. Current applications usually require a great deal of carefulness of the scanner operators – the document has to be positioned horizontally and special care must be taken to detect corrupt scans that can occur. In this work we describe ideas for two independent algorithms for the document rotation correction and automatic detection of corrupt scans. One algorithm relies on the Hough transformation and the other on brightness gradient of the image. The output of each algorithm is a cropped image of the document in horizontal orientation, which can be used as input for further processing (such as OCR). Also the estimate of scan corruption is returned. Also shown are some testing results of the algorithm prototypes written in MATLAB environment.


Title:

ULTRASONIC SENSORS FOR THE ELDERLY AND CAREGIVERS IN A NURSING HOME

Author(s):

Toshio Hori and Yoshifumi Nishida

Abstract:

Workloads on caregivers in nursing home are increasing as the imbalance between the number of elderly people and caregivers becomes larger. Excessive workloads on caregivers must be reduced not only because they become burdens for caregivers but also because they deteriorate the quality of nursing care. One of such workloads is routine patrol for monitoring the status of the elderly and for detecting accidents on the elderly as soon as possible. If the number of unnecessary patrols is minimized, caregivers will be able to spend their time on high touch care and humane communication. The authors have been developing an ultrasonic 3D tag system which locate ultrasonic tags in real time, and employed the system in a nursing home to monitor positions of the elderly people. If the system locates the elderly people continuously and robustly, and if it can notify caregivers about the occurrence of accident-prone activities promptly, caregivers will be releaved from their unnecessary workloads. This paper describes the research background, system overview, system implementations, and experimental results.


Title:

DISTANCE LEARNING BY INTELLIGENT TUTORING SYSTEM. PART I: AGENT-BASED ARCHITECTURE FOR USER-CENTRED ADAPTIVITY

Author(s):

Antonio Fernández-Caballero, José Manuel Gascueña, Federico Botella and Enrique Lazcorreta

Abstract:

Agent technology has been suggested by experts to be a promising approach to fully extend Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS). By using intelligent agents in an ITS architecture it is possible to obtain an individual tutoring system adaptive to the needs and characteristics of every student. The general architecture of the ITS proposed is formed by the three components that characterize an ITS – the Student Model, the Domain Model, and the Education Model. In the Student Model the knowledge that the system has about the student (profile and interaction with the system) is represented. In the Domain Model the knowledge about the contents to be taught is stored. Precisely, in this model four autonomous agents – the Preferences Agent, the Accounting Agent, the Exercises Agent and the Tests Agent - have been defined. Lastly, the Education Model provides the functionality that the teacher needs. Across this module, the teacher changes his preferences, gives reinforcement to the students, obtains statistics and consults the matter.


Title:

DISTANCE LEARNING BY INTELLIGENT TUTORING SYSTEM. PART II: STUDENT/TEACHER ADAPTIVITY IN AN ENGINEERING COURSE

Author(s):

Antonio Fernández-Caballero, José Manuel Gascueña, Enrique Lazcorreta and Federico Botella

Abstract:

Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) have proven their worth in multiple ways and in multiple domains in Education. In this article the application of an Intelligent Tutoring System to an Engineering Course is introduced. The paper also introduces an explanation of how the course adapts to the students as well as to the teachers. User adaptation is provided by means of the so called pedagogical strategies, which among others specify how to proceed in showing the contents of the matter for a better assimilation of the knowledge by the student. Thus, in this paper the adaptation mechanisms implemented in the ITS, which permit that the students learn better and the professors teach better, are explained in extensive.


Title:

IDENTIFYING USABILITY ISSUES WITH AN ERP IMPLEMENTATION

Author(s):

Heikki Topi, Wendy Lucas and Tamara Babaian

Abstract:

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems hold great promise for integrating business processes and have proven their worth in a variety of organizations. Yet the gains that they have enabled in terms of increased productivity and cost savings are often achieved in the face of daunting usability problems. While one frequently hears anecdotes about the difficulties involved in using ERP systems, there is little documentation of the types of problems typically faced by users. The purpose of this study is to begin addressing this gap by categorizing and describing the usability issues encountered by one division of a Fortune 500 company in the first years of its large-scale ERP implementation. Recognizing and understanding these issues is a critical first step that must be undertaken in order to address ERP usability problems, which cause decreases in productivity and system usage, increases in costs for training and support, and ultimately impact the effectiveness of the entire installation. This study also demonstrates the promise of using collaboration theory to evaluate usability characteristics of existing systems and to design new systems. Given the impressive results already achieved by some corporations with these systems, imagine how much more would be possible if understanding how to use them weren’t such an overwhelming task.


Title:

HEDONIC MOTIVATIONS IN THE WEB SITE: EFFECTS OF MUSIC ON CONSUMER RESPONSES IN AN ONLINE SHOPPING ENVIRONMENT

Author(s):

Carlota Lorenzo, Miguel Àngel Gomes, Alejandro Mollá and Javier Garcia

Abstract:

Because of the increasing competitive retail industry environment, retailers must be certain that their stores are up-to-date and suggest an image that is appealing to their target markets (Baker et al., 1992). In fact, one of the most significant features of the total product is the place where it is bought or consumed. In some cases, the place, or more specifically the place atmosphere, is more influential than the product itself in the purchase decision (Kotler, 1973-1974). A considerable body of literature has been accumulated on atmospheric effects in traditional stores; however, the impact of these factors in online retail environments has not yet been well documented (Eroglu et al., 2003). Some studies posit that although the instrumental qualities or utilitarian elements of online shopping (e.g. ease and convenience) are important predictors of consumers' attitudes and purchase behaviours, the hedonic aspects of the web medium could play an equally important role in shaping these behaviours (Childers et al., 2001). This study analyzes the influence of a hedonic atmospheric cue, specifically music (Eroglu et al., 2003; Childers et al. (2001)), on shoppers' cognitive, emotional and behavioural responses in an online apparel shopping environment. A between-subjects experimental design is used to test our hypotheses. In addition we developed an integrated methodology that allows the simulation, tracking and recording of subjects’ behaviour within an online shopping environment under different atmospheric conditions.


Title:

LINC: A WEB-BASED LEARNING TOOL FOR MIXED-MODE LEARNING

Author(s):

Tang-Ho Lê and Jean Roy

Abstract:

In this paper we discuss some basic theories of learning and e-Learning. With the light of the appropriate theories, we then describe the components and essential features of our e-Learning system, the Learn IN Context System (LINC). This tool aims to be used in institution’s courses in mixed-mode learning. Finally, we report the initial experimentation with this tool and some early results and evaluation.


Title:

USING MPEG-BASED TECHNOLOGIES FOR BUILDING PERSONALIZED MULTIMEDIA INTERACTIVE ENVIRONMENTS WITH CONTEXT-AWARENESS REQUIREMENTS: DEVELOPMENT OF AN APPLICATION FOR INTERACTIVE TELEVISION

Author(s):

João Benedito dos Santos Junior, Iran Calixto Abrão and Thelma Virgínia Rodrigues and Mario Guglielmo

Abstract:

We are using MPEG-4 technology to build applications to be used in real environments. One of these applications allows for teacher to send real-time lessons to this/her students or to record them. The Tele-Learning System under development includes: a) on the teacher side: a recording workstation with two cameras, microphone, specific MPEG-4 software; b) an IP network or an MPEG-2 TS satellite link; c) on the student side: a PC with special MPEG software, and a special board if receiving from satellite. This research focuses on the broadcast scenario where a satellite board is used in a PC. Thus, the work covers how to send the lesson even to a student that is not connected to the intranet, using a satellite link, either over IP embedded in the MPEG-2 TS or directly over MPEG-2 TS. For the security part it may be necessary to have a low-band return channel implemented, for example, through a mobile phone. The satellite environment may require the redesign of the User Interface and the retargeting of the elementary streams parameters in order to match specific requirements and features of the medium. At this point, new interaction criteria have been established from distribution of MPEG-4 media objects and MPEG-7 scene descriptions on network environments. Furthermore, context-awareness aspects are being added for providing personalization on the teaching-learning environment and MPEG-21 is being studied for applying to new multimedia requirements.


Title:

MANAGING INTER-ACTIVITIES IN CSCW: SUPPORTING USERS EMERGING NEEDS IN THE COOLDA PLATFORM

Author(s):

Gregory Bourguin and Arnaud Lewandowski

Abstract:

The CSCW research domain still tries to find a better way for supporting the users needs. Some groupware systems propose global and integrated environments supporting collaborative activities, but empirical studies show that these environments usually omit to support some dimensions of the work. On the other hand, some groups work with diverse applications that do not know each other. Mainly inspired by results coming from Social and Human Sciences, we believe that the complete CSCW environment cannot be defined a priori. However, we also believe that a global CSCW environment is really valuable for users. Taking our foundations in the Activity Theory, we aim at creating a global but tailorable environment that supports the dynamic integration of external applications and manages the links between them, i.e. it manages the inter-activities. This work is concretized in the CooLDA platform.


Title:

A CONTROLLED EXPERIMENT FOR MEASURING THE USABILITY OF WEBAPPS USING PATTERNS

Author(s):

F. Javier García, María Lozano, Francisco Montero, Jose Antonio Gallud, Pascual González and Carlota Lorenzo

Abstract:

Usability has become a critical quality factor of software systems in general, and especially important regarding Web-based applications. Measuring quality is the key to developing high-quality software, and it is widely recognised that quality assurance of software products must be assessed focusing on the early stages of the development process. This paper describes a controlled experiment carried out in order to corroborate whether the patterns associated to a quality model are closely related to the final Web application quality. The experiment is based on the definition of a quality model and the patterns associated to its quality criteria to prove that applications developed using these patterns improve its usability in comparison with other ones developed without using them. The results of this experiment demonstrate that the use of these patterns really improves the quality of the final Web application in a high degree. The experiment is formally based on the recommendations of the ISO 9126-4.


Title:

A FRAMEWORK FOR THE EVALUATION OF AUTOMOTIVE TELEMATICS SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Gennaro Costagliola, Sergio Di Martino and Filomena Ferrucci

Abstract:

The evaluation of interfaces for in-car communication and information applications is an important and challenging task. Indeed, it is necessary not only to consider the user interaction with the interface but also to understand the effects of this interaction on driver-vehicle performances. As a result, there is a strong need of tools and approaches that allow researchers to effectively evaluate such interfaces while user is driving. To address the problem in the paper we propose a framework that has been specifically conceived for such evaluation. It is based on the integration of a suitable car simulator and an in-car system and allows us to get a high amount of data and carry out repeatable tests in a safe and controlled environment. Moreover, the proposed solution is not much expensive and quite simple to set-up.


Title:

DESIGNING GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS PROCESSES ON THE BASIS OF THE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK GEOFRAME

Author(s):

Cláudio Ruschel, Cirano Iochpe, Luciana Vargas da Rocha and Jugurta Lisboa F.

Abstract:

The investment in geographic information systems (GIS) is usually justified by their ability of supporting the execution of geographic analysis processes (GP). The conceptual design of a GP makes it independent of a specific GIS product and enables designers to define the process at a high level of abstraction using a language that enforces a set of logical constraints and is yet easy to learn. On the other hand, in order to support interoperability a GP conceptual model should be sufficiently generic to allow a GP definition to be translated to any of the logical data models implemented by existing GIS commercial products. This paper presents an extension to GeoFrame, a conceptual GIS framework that supports the conceptual design of spatio-temporal, geographic databases (GDB). This extension is actually a conceptual GP data model relying on a set of UML diagrams as well as on a methodology of how to apply them to analysis process design. On the basis of the PGeoFrame-A, the definition of a GP starts by the identification of its associated use cases. Both control and data flows are described by means of activity diagrams with the new modeling constructs provided by UML 2.0. Input as well as output data introduced in the workflow definition are described in detail through a class diagram. In this way, CASE tools based on UML 2.0 can be adapted to translate GP conceptual design to the specific scripts as well as macro definition languages of different existing GIS products.


Title:

PERFORMING REAL-TIME SCHEDULING IN AN INTERACTIVE AUDIO-STREAMING APPLICATION

Author(s):

Julien Cordry, Nicolas Bouillot, Samia Bouzefrane

Abstract:

The CEDRIC and the IRCAM conduct since 2002 a project entitled "distributed orchestra" which proposes to coordinate on a network the actors of a musical orchestra (musicians, sound engineer, listeners) in order to produce a live concert. At each site (musician), mainly two components are active: the sound engine (FTS) and an auto-synchronisation module (nJam), two modules which must treat audio streams in real time and exchange them via the network. We propose in this paper to schedule the processes generated by these components by using a real-time scheduling technique. For this purpose, we choose to use Bossa, a platform grafted on the Linux kernel in order to integrate new real-time schedulers. We show, by using Bossa with an appropriate real-time scheduling technique, that the application performances are improved.


Title:

INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS AND USABILITY MEASUREMENT

Author(s):

Hema Banati and P.S.Grover

Abstract:

The current trend of increased web usage has recognized the need of usable websites. A site containing relevant information may not gain user acceptance if the user finds it difficult to use. Usability is often measured qualitatively. However, it is felt that a quantifiable measure of usability shall be more useful in comparing different websites. It can also provide a measurable estimate of improvement required in the website. This measure would gain wider acceptability, if obtained, by applying the international standards of measurement. This paper measures usability quantitatively using the international standard ISO/IEC TR 9126-2. Metrics specified in the standards are used to measure the four major characteristics of usability, “Learnability”, “Operability”, “Understandability” and “Attractiveness” for an academic website. It was found that the “Learnability” level of the website was very low, as compared to the Understandability level present. This is not in conformation with the standards, which mention the latter to be an indicator of the former. The significance and relevance of each metric to usability of the website was then examined in this light. The study also highlight the long due need of standardizing the process of usability measurement.


Title:

STUDENT'S EVALUATION OF WEB-BASED LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES IN A HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION COURSE

Author(s):

Dina Goren-Bar

Abstract:

The human-computer interface (HCI) field is constantly changing and designers are challenged to develop simple interactive systems implemented through sophisticated technology. At Ben-Gurion University, the introductory HCI course was originally taught in a face-to-face mode and covered theoretical knowledge on HCI theories, principles and design, and practical experience in designing and evaluating websites. When it became apparent from students' course evaluations that they expected the HCI course to provide them with more hands-on experience with different types of interaction, communication devices, and design dilemmas, the course was redesigned. The new course combines face-to-face lessons, e-learning sessions and web-based collaborative projects. While there is still room for improvement, student's evaluations show significant increase in satisfaction with the course.


Title:

A COOPERATIVE INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR E-LEARNING - A SYSTEM BASED ON WORKFLOWS AND AGENTS

Author(s):

Latifa Mahdaoui and Zaia Alimazighi

Abstract:

In the E-learning platform, we can consider three principal actors (Teacher, Learner and Administrator) whose interact or cooperate between them among processes, then in context of enterprise the e-learning process can be seen as a cooperative information system where actors are managers and employees. Many of these processes can be automated and then we consider this work as a workflow process. The learning process is naturally flexible because of different levels of learners and the different ways to present a lesson or training process. We use an oriented object Meta-Model based on UML to describe a process concerning Tutor and Learner and we propose a Multi-Agent System (MAS) based on ITS architecture to support the work of the actors roles “tutor” and “learner”.


Title:

ELECTRONIC DOCUMENT CLASSIFICATION USING SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE-AN APPLICATION FOR E-LEARNING

Author(s):

Sandeep Dixit and L.K.Maheshwari

Abstract:

Most of the recent publications have focussed on the theory or conceptual application of the SVM without giving the exact details of a implementation with any SVM software. In this paper we present a holistic approach towards building a classifier. We present theory, application and use of a specific SVM software(SVM Torch) for classification of electronic documents giving every detail of how the freely available online SVM software can be used to apply the SVM concept and categorise any given document. The paper presents the theoretical framework for categorisation of documents in general and text documents in particular. Experimental results obtained by applying SVM to text document are presented. Preprocessing of the document is also presented. The experiment was conducted using SVMTorch software with ten documents for training and five documents for testing.. SVM’s performed the best when used with binary representation.We are confident that the extent of details provided could as well serve as a useful curriculum component for UG level students


Title:

CROSS-DOMAIN MAPPING: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND E-LEARNING PROVISION

Author(s):

Hilary Dexter and Jim Petch

Abstract:

In order to ensure that a valid and robust model of e-learning provision is developed it has to be based on a thorough understanding of the e-learning provision domain. The fullest and most detailed articulations of the e-learning development process are found in quality checklists for e-learning development. The problem this paper addresses is that posed by the situation of having knowledge used for modeling in one domain represented by artifacts in another. Using a number of checklist sources, a composite list was developed for some aspects of the e-learning development process. The checks address the activities and their artifacts that should be monitored, and what the outcomes of the checks should be in terms of what actions should be taken and what changes made if the results do not meet quality criteria. A small worked example of this cross domain mapping process is given.


Title:

MOBILE TELEPHONE TECHNOLOGY AS A DISTANCE LEARNING TOOL

Author(s):

Yousuf M. Islam, Manzur Ashraf, Zillur Rahman and Mawdudur Rahman

Abstract:

This paper presents the methodology, results and effectiveness in the development of Mobile telephonebased (Short Message Service-based) distance learning. Proposed novel distance learning approach , which is about the application of information technology to education, is being setup, delivered and evaluated using real-life environment. Statistical analysis of the achieved results of the learners conformed this SMS-based learning being more similar to direct face-to-face learning.


Title:

AN EXPLORATORY MODEL OF E-EDUCATION

Author(s):

J. H. Im and Soyoung C. Yim

Abstract:

The history of distance learning goes well back when correspondence study started more than a century ago (Moore, et al., 1996, p.19; Simonson, et al., 2000, p.22). Distance learning has been evolving by adopting new technologies to improve learning. Nonetheless, the distinction between distance learning and traditional learning had been very clear up until recently. Unlike other technologies, however, the Internet is making the distinction blur by enabling merger of these two, thus causing confusion on widely-accepted terminologies, concepts, and theories. This paper attempts to develop a reference model which reduces such confusion based on the old paradigm of distance learning; and clarifies newly emerging learning modes and potential of totally reengineered learning modes based on a new paradigm.


Workshop on Wireless Information Systems (WIS-2005)
 
Title:

INTEGRATION OF MOBILE COMPUTING IN APPLICATIONS FOR THE SERVICE SECTOR – DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

Author(s):

Klaus-Georg Deck and Herbert Neuendorf

Abstract:

For representative applications from the service sector, scenarios for mobile systems are introduced, the similar structure of which can be described with a common pattern. A prototype of its implementation is introduced based on Web Services in Java. Technical implementation is done with a Blackberry handheld from T-Mobile/RIM using push technology within the GPRS net-work.


Title:

TRANSFERENCE AND STORAGE OF SPATIAL DATA IN DISTRIBUTED WIRELESS GIS

Author(s):

A.K.Ramani, Sanjay Silakari, Sudheer Koppireddy

Abstract:

There has been a great development in Wireless GIS (WGIS) new century. Spatial data transferring and storage in GIS is developed from wired to wireless network. This paper first briefly introduces the technologies and strategies of spatial data transferring and storing in distributed Wireless GIS. Second, the schemes of spatial data transferring modes in wireless GIS for improving the network transfer rates is introduced emphatically, and the distributed transferring process technology of GIS spatial data are also discussed. Based on these, we present the storage strategies in wireless database, and introduce mobile computing conception and three-tier wireless replication database. Here, we emphasizes on dynamic replication strategies and methods in wireless environment. Finally, we compare several of data storage strategies in WGIS databases and the dynamic multi-tiers replication strategy is proposed for wireless database storage.


Title:

ANALYSIS OF TRAFFIC AGENT SCHEME FOR COVERAGE IMPROVEMENT IN WIRELESS LOCAL AREA NETWORKS

Author(s):

Hai-Feng Yuan, Yang Yang, Wen-Bing Yao and Yong-Hua Song

Abstract:

Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) can provide high data-rate wireless multimedia applications to end users in a limited geographical area and has been widely deployed in recent years. For indoor WLAN systems, how to efficiently improve service coverage is a challenging problem. In this paper, we propose a coverage improvement scheme that can identify suitable Mobile Stations(MS) in good service zones and use them as Traffic Agents(TA) to relay traffic for those out-of-coverage MS’s. The service coverage area of WLAN system is therefore expanded. Mathematical analysis, verified by computer simulations, shows that the scheme can effectively reduce blocking probability when the system is lightly loaded.


Title:

A DECISION TREE APPROACH TO VOICE-ENABLE MOBILE COMMERCE APPLICATIONS

Author(s):

Yandong Fan and Elizabeth Kendall

Abstract:

Speech interfaces have become increasingly popular to support mobile commerce. Although spoken dialogue systems have been studied for decades, they pertain to specific domains. There is a lack of research on general approaches for voice enabling. In this paper, we propose a decision tree approach to personalize and voice-enable applications in the context of mobile commerce. The system dynamically analyses user preferences by mining the navigation and transaction logs. The user profile then is used to personalize a tree-based product catalogue. We utilize the Predictive Model Markup Language to store the resultant catalogue. This XML document is used to construct conversational dialogues for users to find the product information. The proposed architecture has been verified and evaluated though implementing a mobile car city application.


Title:

.NET AS A PLATFORM FOR WIRELESS APPLICATIONS

Author(s):

Juha Järvensivu and Tommi Mikkonen

Abstract:

Wireless applications implemented in mobile gadgets are a new trend in software development. One platform on top of which such applications can be implemented is Windows, where two different flavours of design environments are available. .NET Framework (.NET) is aimed at full-fledged computing environments, and it is used in e.g. laptops. In contrast, .NET Compact Framework (.NETCF) is for smartphones and PDAs that consist of more restricted hardware. From the development perspective .NET and .NETCF are closely related as they rely on the same application model. Moreover, .NETCF is a subset of .NET environment, with features that are not relevant in smartphones or PDAs removed. Therefore, it seems tempting to run the same applications in all wireless Windows environments, disregarding the type of the device. In this paper, we analyze the possibilities achieving this goal in practise.


Title:

ANALYSIS OF ATTACKS AND DEFENSE MECHANISMS FOR QOS SIGNALING PROTOCOLS IN MANETS

Author(s):

Charikleia Zouridaki, Marek Hejmo, Brian L. Mark, Roshan K. Thomas and Kris Gaj

Abstract:

Supporting quality-of-service (QoS) in a mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a challenging task, particularly in the presence of malicious users. We present a detailed analysis of attacks directed at disrupting quality-of-service in MANETs. We consider attacks on both reservation-based and reservation-less QoS signaling protocols and discuss possible countermeasures. Finally, we identify and discuss the key issues in achieving secure QoS provisioning in MANETs.


Title:

WIRELESS ATA: A NEW DATA TRANSPORT PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS STORAGE

Author(s):

Serdar Ozler and Ibrahim Korpeoglu

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new data transport storage protocol that is designed especially for wireless devices. We call the protocol WATA (Wireless ATA), as its architecture is similar to current ATA and ATA-based technologies. In this paper, we give basic technical details of the protocol and discuss its main advantages and disadvantages over the current protocols.


Title:

GPRS-BASED REAL-TIME REMOTE CONTROL OF MICROBOTS WITH M2M CAPABILITIES

Author(s):

Diego López de Ipiña, Iñaki Vázquez, Jonathan Ruiz de Garibay and David Sainz

Abstract:

Machine to Machine (M2M) communication is gathering momentum. Many network operators deem that the future of the business on data transmission lies on M2M. In parallel, the application of robotics is progressively becoming more widespread. Traditionally, robotics has only been applied to industrial environments, but lately some more exoteric (e.g. domestic) robots have arisen. Anyhow, those robots usually offer very primitive communication means. Few researchers have considered that a solution to this issue would be to combine those two emerging fields. This paper describes our experiences combining M2M with robotics to create a fleet of MicroBots, which are remotely controllable through GPRS connection links. Those robots can be used in dangerous environments to gather material samples or simply for surveillance and security control. A sophisticated 3-tier architecture is proposed that combined with a purposely built protocol, optimized for wireless transmission, makes feasible the real-time control of remote devices.


Title:

ENHANCING MESSAGE PRIVACY IN WEP

Author(s):

Darshan Purandare and Ratan Guha

Abstract:

The Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) protocol for networks based on 802.11 standards has been shown to have several security flaws. In this paper we have proposed a modification to the existing WEP protocol to make it more secure. We also develop an IV avoidance algorithm that eliminates Initialization Vector (IV) collision problem. We achieve Message Privacy by ensuring that the encryption is not breached. The idea is to update the shared secret key frequently based on factors like network traffic and number of transmitted frames. We show that frequent rekeying thwarts all kinds of cryptanalytic attacks on the WEP.


Title:

A DISTRIBUTED SECURITY ARCHITECTURE FOR AD HOC NETWORKS

Author(s):

Ratan Guha, Mainak Chatterjee and Jaideep Sarkar

Abstract:

Secure communication in ad hoc networks is an inherent problem because of the distributiveness of the nodes and the reliance on cooperation between the nodes. All the nodes in such networks rely and trust other nodes for forwarding packets because of their limitation in the range of transmission. Due to the absence of any central administrative node, verification of authenticity of nodes is very difficult. In this paper, we propose a clusterhead-based distributed security mechanism for securing the routes and communication in ad hoc networks. The clusterheads act as certificate agencies and distribute certificates to the communicating nodes, thereby making the communication secure. The clusterheads execute administrative functions and hold shares of network keys that are used for communication by the nodes in respective clusters. Due to the process of authentication, there are signalling and message overheads. Through simulation studies, we show how the presence of clusterheads can substantially reduce these overheads and still maintain secure communication.


Title:

THE ANALYSIS AND DESIGN STRATEGY IN THE DEPLOYMENT OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FOR INNOVATIVE CAMPUS NETWORKS

Author(s):

Jamaludin Sallim

Abstract:

This paper describes the fundamental concept of analysis and design strategy for an effective deployment of wireless communications for innovative universities or colleges campus that insistently deploys the wireless networks. The extensive use of wireless technologies in university campus has made various respective computer applications such as electronic transactions and electronic learning (e-learning) environments become more energetic. Usually, for the innovative campus network, when deploying wireless communications, most IT Managers/Engineers begin the project by jumping into technical matters, such as deciding upon which approach, technique or standard to use, which vendor to select, and how to overcome the various limitations. These are important elements of implementing wireless communications for innovative campus; however prior to getting too far with the project, the respective IT Managers/Engineers must give vigilant attention to analysis and design strategy in order to wind up with an effective deployment.


Title:

TRUST: AN APPROACH FOR SECURING MOBILE AD HOC NETWORK

Author(s):

Chung Tien Nguyen and Olivier CAMP

Abstract:

When functionning in the ad hoc mode, wireless networks do not rely on a predefined infrastructure for achieving the basic network functionalities. Hosts of such networks need to count on one another to keep in contact with the network and carry out services such as routing, security, auto-configuration,... Network services and, in particular, security thus strongly depend on the way the nodes find the correct partners with which they can cooperate efficiently. As consequence, it seems important for ad hoc networks to provide a representation of trust together with a mechanism to evaluate it. In this paper, we present ad hoc networks, and show how trust is fundamental in the existing propositions to improve their security. After identifying the characteristics of existing trust models, we focus on those that should be implemented in a trust model for ad hoc networks.


Title:

CHARGED LOCATION AWARE SERVICES

Author(s):

Krzysztof Piotrowski, Peter Langendörfer, Michael Maaser, Gregor Spichal and Peter Schwander

Abstract:

Location aware services have been envisioned as the killer application for the wireless Internet. But they did not gain sufficient attention. We are convinced that one of the major pitfalls is that there is up to now no way to charge for this kind of services. In this paper we present an architecture which provides the basic mechanisms needed to realize charged location based services. The three major components are: a location aware middleware platform, an information server and a micropayment system. We provide performance data that clearly indicates that such a system can be deployed without exhausting the resources of mobile devices or infrastructure servers.


Workshop on Modelling, Simulation,Verification and
Validation of Enterprise Information Systems (MSVVEIS-2005)

 
Title:

TRADE-OFF ANALYSIS OF MISUSE CASE-BASED SECURE SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURES: A CASE STUDY

Author(s):

Joshua J. Pauli and Dianxiang Xu

Abstract:

Based on the threat-driven architectural design of secure information systems, this paper introduces an approach for the tradeoff analysis of secure software architectures in order to determine the effects of security requirements on the system. We use a case study on a payroll information system to show the approach from misuse case identification through the application of the archi-tecture tradeoff analysis. In the case study, we discuss how to make tradeoff be-tween security and availability with respect to the number of servers present in the system.


Title:

ON THE USE OF MODEL CHECKING IN VERIFICATION OF EVOLVING AGILE SOFTWARE FRAMEWORKS: AN EXPLORATORY CASE STUDY

Author(s):

Nan Niu and Steve Easterbrook

Abstract:

Evolution is a basic fact of software life. Domain-specific agile software frameworks are key to modern enterprise information systems (EIS). They promote reuse and rapid development by capturing the commonalities in design and implementation among a family of applications and by constraining the space of possible solutions. In this paper, we propose a model checking approach to formal verification of agile frameworks that evolve over time and endure continuous maintenance activities. The results obtained can be used to justify the maintenance activities in software evolution and identify important but implicit assumptions about the application domain of the framework. An industrially relevant exploratory case study on a domain-specific, light-weight, database- centric Web application framework is conducted to validate our hypothesis and proactively open up new research avenues arising from our investigation.


Title:

EXPANDING DATABASE SYSTEMS INTO SELF–VERIFYING ENTITIES

Author(s):

Kaare J. Kristoffersen and Yvonne Dittrich

Abstract:

The paper presents work-in-progress aiming at deploying runtime verification techniques to observe whether state changes in a database system conform with temporal business rules. A high level language for tailoring enterprise database systems with temporal business rules is defined. Furthermore we present an algorithmic framework for checking temporal business rules at runtime, i.e. we recommend on-line checking of data in the system as opposed to post-checking, i.e. off--line processing. A prototypical implementation of a runtime verifier (called Verification Server) based on this algorithmic framework is presented and discussed.


Title:

A FRAMEWORK FOR ENSURING SYSTEM DEPENDABILITY FROM DESIGN TO IMPLEMENTATION

Author(s):

Xudong He

Abstract:

Software has been and will be a major enabling technology for the proper functioning of our society. Many software systems are often mission and safety critical and thus need to be highly dependable. These highly dependable systems need to be highly reliable, efficient, secure, and robust. How to develop and ensure the dependability of these complex software-based systems is a grand challenge. Currently a systematic engineering approach to develop these systems in a reliable and cost-effective manner does not exist. It is our strong belief that a highly dependable complex software system cannot be developed without a rigorous development process and a precise specification and design documentation. Recent research has shown that it is especially important to explore technologies how to handle dependability attributes at the software architecture level for the following reasons: (1) software architecture description presents the highest-level design abstraction of a system. As a result it is relative simple compared to a detailed system design; and (2) as the highest-level design abstraction, a software architecture description precedes and logically and structurally influences other system development products. Prevention and detection of errors at software architectural level are thus extremely important. However, assurance of system dependability at software architecture design level is not adequate to ensure system dependability at implementation level since the implementation can be significantly different from the design. It is a daunting task to verify an implementation satisfying a design specification, and it is also a major challenging to check dependability at code level. This paper presents a model-driven framework to model, specify, and analyze software dependability at software architecture design level; and furthermore to map a software architecture design and the associated dependability attributes to a Java implementation and run-time verification mechanisms. We believe that such a framework will ensure dependability at both design and implementation levels.


Title:

DERIVING TEST CASES FROM B MACHINES USING CLASS VECTORS

Author(s):

W. L. Yeung and K. R. P. H. Leung

Abstract:

This paper proposes a specification-based testing method for use in conjunction with the B method. The method aims to derive a set of legitimate class vectors from a B machine specification and it takes into account the structure and semantics of the latter. A procedure for test case generation is given. One advantage of the method is its potential to be integrated with the B method via its support tools.


Title:

CONSISTENCY VERIFICATION OF A NON-MONOTONIC DEDUCTIVE SYSTEM BASED ON OWL LITE

Author(s):

Jaime Ramírez and Angélica de Antonio

Abstract:

The aim of this paper is to show a method that is able to detect a particular class of semantic inconsistencies in a deductive system (DS). A DS verified by this method contains a set of production rules, and an OWL Lite ontology that defines the problem domain. The antecedent of a rule is a formula in Disjunctive Normal Form, which encompasses first-order literals and linear arithmetic constraints, and the consequent is a list of actions that can add or delete assertions in a non-monotonic manner. By building an ATMS-like theory the method is able to give a specification of all the initial Fact Bases (FBs), and the rules that would have to be executed from these initial FBs to produce an inconsistency.


Title:

A UNIT TESTING FRAMEWORK FOR NETWORK CONFIGURATIONS

Author(s):

Dominik Jungo, David Buchmann and Ulrich Ultes-Nitsche

Abstract:

We present in this paper a unit testing framework for network configurations which verifies that the configuration meets prior defined requirements of the networks behavior. This framework increases the trust in the correctness, security and reliability of a networks configuration. Our testing framework is based on a behavioral simulation approach as it is used in hardware design. The unit testing framework is part of the SNSF VeriNeC project.


Title:

HOW TO SYNTHESIZE RELATIONAL DATABASE TRANSACTIONS EB3 ATTRIBUTE DEFINITIONS?

Author(s):

Frederic Gervais, Marc Frappier and Regine Laleau

Abstract:

EB3 is a trace-based formal language created for the specification of information systems (IS). Attributes, linked to entities and associations of an IS, are computed in EB3 by recursive functions on the valid traces of the system. In this paper, we aim at synthesizing imperative programs that correspond to EB3 attribute definitions. Thus, each EB3 action is translated into a transaction. EB3 attribute definitions are analysed to determine the key values affected by each action. Some key values are retrieved from SELECT statements that correspond to first-order predicates in EB3 attribute definitions. To avoid problems with the sequencing of SQL statements in the transactions, temporary variables and/or tables are introduced for these key values. The SQL statements are ordered by table. Generation of DELETE statements is straightforward, but tests must be defined in the transactions to distinguish updates from insertions of tuples.


Title:

MODEL-CHECKING INHERENTLY FAIR LINEAR-TIME PROPERTIES

Author(s):

Thierry Nicola, Frank Nießner and Ulrich Ultes-Nitsche

Abstract:

The concept of linear-time verification with an inherent fairness condition has been studied under the names approximate satisfaction, satisfaction up to liveness, and satisfaction within fairness in several publications. Even though proving the general applicability of the approach, reasonably efficient algorithms for inherently fair linear-time verification (IFLTV) are lacking. This paper bridges the gap between the theoretical foundation of IFLTV and its practical application, presenting a model-checking algorithm based on a structural analysis of the synchronous product of the system and property (Büchi) automata.


Title:

VERIFICATION OF SMART HOMES SPECIFICATIONS WHICH ARE BASED ON ECA RULES

Author(s):

Juan Carlos Augusto

Abstract:

Smart homes implementations are usually based on Active Databases (ADBs). A core concept of ADBs is the concept of Event-Condition-Action (ECA) rules allowing the system to react to specific events occurring in contexts of interest and advising on an the actions that should be taken in those situations. Although research in ADBs has been conducted for quite a few years, still no standard verification framework has emerged yet from the area. In this paper we consider some options to verify specifications of Smart Homes based on ADB-related concepts.


Title:

TOWARDS RUN-TIME COMPONENT INTEGRATION ON UBIQUITOUS SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Macario Polo Usaola and Andres Flores

Abstract:

Based on our interest on Ubiquitous Systems we are working on a Component-based Integration process. This implies to evaluate whether components may satisfy a given set of requirements. We propose a framework for such process and describe Assessement and likely Adaptation in more detail. The Assessment procedure is based on meta-data added to components, involving assertions, and usage protocol. Assertions and usage protocol are evaluated by properly applying a technique based on Abstract Syntax Trees. We have developed a simple prototype in order to implement the Assessment and Adaptation procedures. Thus we gain experience about the complexity and effectiveness of our model. We continue exploring other techniques to improve our process on effi-cacy and reliability.


Title:

AUTOMATED RUNTIME VERIFICATION WITH EAGLE

Author(s):

Allen Goldberg and Klaus Havelund

Abstract:

Space exploration missions are increasingly relying on software. The amount of software, counted in lines of code, for space missions doubles in size very four years, counting a few thousands of lines in the seventies, to hundreds of thousands of lines of code at present time. The risk of missions failing due to software errors increases accordingly. The Automated Software Engineering group at NASA Ames Research Center studies and develops techniques for detecting errors in software. This presentation focuses on some of that work, specifically what is called runtime verification. Runtime verification consists of monitoring and checking that program executions conform with user-provided specifications and algorithms of correct behavior. We shall see an example of a requirement specification language developed specifically for runtime verification, including how monitors are generated from specifications. We shall illustrate some applications of this technology, for example to monitor and test a planetary rover. A branch of runtime verification focuses on detecting concurrency errors, such as deadlocks and data races. We present several notions of deadlocks and data races together with highly scalable runtime verification algorithms for detecting them during test.


Title:

TEACHING SOFTWARE TESTING IN INTRODUCTORY CS COURSES AND IMPROVING SOFTWARE QUALITY

Author(s):

Syed M. Rahman and Akram Salah

Abstract:

Undergraduates in computer science typically begin their curriculum with a programming course or sequence. Many researchers have found, however (e.g., [1,14]), that most of the students who complete these courses, and even many who complete a degree, are not proficient programmers and produce code of low quality [9]. In this paper, we try to address this problem by proposing a cultural shift in introductory programming courses. The primary feature of our approach is that software testing is presented as an integral part of programming practice; specifically, a student who is to write a program will begin by writing a test suite. Our initial results are that this approach can be successful. Teaching basic concepts of software testing does not take much time, it helps beginning students to understand the requirements, and it helps them produce better-quality code.


Title:

TOWARDS APPLICATION SUITABILITY FOR PVC ENVIRONMENTS

Author(s):

Andres Flores and Macario Polo

Abstract:

Pervasive Computing Environments should support the feeling of continuity on users daily tasks. This implies the availability of different resources. Applications are the main resources which could be in high risk by degrading their suitability. We propose a framework for Component-based Integration process, based on our idea of composing/ adapting applications at run-time. Our current focus is on component assessment, which uncovers the syntactic and semantic levels. We will apply metadata-based techniques and a process-oriented procedure for simulation on SPIN which is initiated by Propositional Linear Temporal Logic based queries. We continue exploring other techniques to improve our process mainly on effcacy and reliability.


Title:

PETRI-NET MODELING OF PRODUCTION SYSTEMS BASED ON PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT DATA

Author(s):

Dejan Gradisar and Gasper Music

Abstract:

Timed Petri nets can be used for the modeling and analysis of a wide range of concurrent discrete-event systems, e.g. production systems. This paper describes how to apply timed Petri nets to the modeling of production systems. Information about the structure of a production facility and about the products that can be produced is usually given in production-data management systems. We describe a method for using these data to algorithmically build a Petri-net model. The Petri-net model can be further used to develop different analysis of the treated system.


Title:

AN ACTIVE RULE BASE SIMULATOR BASED ON PETRI NETS

Author(s):

Joselito Medina-Marín and Xiaoou Li

Abstract:

Development of event-condition-action rules, in active databases, should be performed in a careful way, because of the firing of a ECA rule set can produce an inconsistent DB state. Simulation is a powerful tool to predict system behaviors, so it can be predicted if ECA rule firings will generate inconsistent DB states. In this research work, an ECA rule base simulator is described, named ECAPNSim. ECAPNSim uses a Conditional Colored Petri Net as a model to depict ECA rules. ECAPNSim can model an ECA rule base, simulate its behavior, perform a static analysis of ECA rules by using the CCPN obtained, and execute the firing rules in a relational database system.


Title:

AN INTEGRATION SCHEME FOR CPN AND PROCESS ALGEBRA APPLIED TO A MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY CASE

Author(s):

Manuel I. Capel, Juan A. Holgado and Agustín Escámez

Abstract:

A semiformal development method for obtaining a correct design of embedded control and real-time systems is presented. The design is obtained from a Colored Petri Net (CPN) model of a real-time system, which is subsequently transformed into a formal system specification using CSP+T process algebra. The method translates CPN modelling entities into abstract processes, which allow the expression of concurrency and real-time constraints. The correct design of a “key“ component (feed belt controller) of a paradigmatic manufacturing problem (the Production Cell) is discussed as to show the applicability of our method.


Title:

COMPUTING SIMULATION AND HEURISTIC OPTIMIZATION OF THE MARINE DIESEL DRIVE GENERATING

Author(s):

Josko Dvornik, Srðan Dvornik and Eno Tireli

Abstract:

The aim of this paper is to show the efficiency of the System Dynamics Computer Simulation Modeling of the dynamics behavior of Marine Diesel-Drive Generating Set, as one of the most complex and non-linear marine technical systems. In this paper Marine Diesel-Drive Generating Set will be presented as a qualitative and quantitative system dynamics computer model with a special automation aspect provided by two UNIEG-PID-regulators (Electronics Universal PID Regulators). One of them will be used for diesel-motor speed (frequency) regulation and the other will be used for the synchronous electrical generator voltage regulation.


Title:

AN EXAMPLE OF BUSINESS PROCESS SIMULATION USING ARENA

Author(s):

Joseph Barjis

Abstract:

In this paper a modeling methodology for business systems analysis is discussed and introduced. The modeling methodology is based on the business transaction concept and Petri nets diagram. The transaction concept is used for processes elicitation while Petri net diagram is used for constructing business process model. Next to these two components, the Arena simulation package is used to build an animated simulation model. The simulation part of the paper is a case study based on a real life example. Since the simulation model will be demonstrated using the software, it is not included into this paper.


Title:

MODELLING, VERIFICATION AND VALIDATION OF THE IEEE 802.15.4 FORWIRELESS NETWORKS

Author(s):

Paulo Sausen, Pedro Fernandes Ribeiro Neto, Angelo Perkusich, Antonio Marcus Nogueira de Lima, Maria Ligia B. Perkusich and Fabiano Salvadori

Abstract:

The Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPAN) is a new standard in wireless networks developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and the National Institute of STandards (NIST) to transmit information to short distances at low rates. The purpose of this paper is to present a model of an mechanism Carrier Sense Multiple Access - Collision Avoidance (CSMA-CA) unslotted capable of accessing the environment. The mechanism CSMA-CA unslotted is utilized in the latest IEEE 802.15.4 standard, which defines the wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and the Physical layer-specification (PHY) for LR-WPAN. For the model construction, Hierarchical Coloured Petri Nets (HCPN) will be used. HCPN are extensions of Coloured Petri Nets (CPN). Design/CPN tools will be used for simulations, and the model will be verified and validated by means of occurrence graphs generation.


Title:

THE PORT-TRANSSHIPMENT SYSTEM DYNAMICS SOFTWARE SIMULATOR

Author(s):

Josko Dvornik, Ante Munitic and Frane Mitrovic

Abstract:

Port is place of interlace of different kindle of cargo, and play important role in shipping process, connecting different type of traffic in one united system, and form interrupted traffic chain. The aim of this paper is: to show the efficiency of System Dynamics Simulation Modeling during the study of the dynamics behavior of the Port-Transshipment system, and to find optimal solution for transshipment with regard to type of the cargo and size of traffic of the cargo, direction and dynamics of arriving and shipping the cargo. The System Dynamics Modeling is in essence special, i.e. “holistic” approach to the simulation of the dynamics behavior of natural, technical and organization systems, and it contains quantitative and qualitative Simulation Modeling of various natured realities. The concept of optimization in System Dynamics is based on belief that the “manual and iterative” procedure, i.e. optimization by the method “retry and error” can be successfully executed using “heuristic optimization” algorithm, with the help of digital computer, and in complete coordination with System Dynamics Simulation Methodology.


Workshop on Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Science (NLUCS-2005)
 
Title:

A MULTI-AGENT SYSTEM FOR DETECTING AND CORRECTING “HIDDEN” SPELLING ERRORS IN ARABIC TEXTS

Author(s):

Chiraz Ben Othmane Zribi, Fériel Ben Fraj and Mohamed Ben Ahmed

Abstract:

In this paper, we address the problem of detecting and correcting hidden spelling errors in Arabic texts. Hidden spelling errors are morphologically valid words and therefore they cannot be detected or corrected by conventional spell checking programs. In the work presented here, we investigate this kind of errors as they relate to the Arabic language. We start by proposing a classification of these errors in two main categories: syntactic and semantic, then we present our multi-agent system for hidden spelling errors detection and correction. The multi-agent architecture is justified by the need for collaboration, parallelism and competition, in addition to the need for information exchange between the different analysis phases. Finally, we describe the testing framework used to evaluate the system implemented.


Title:

A COMPUTATIONAL LEXICALIZATION APPROACH

Author(s):

Feng-Jen Yang

Abstract:

Fine-Grained lexicalization has been treated as a post process to refine the machine planned discourse and make the machine generated language more coherent and more fluent. Without this process, a system can still generate comprehensible languages but may sound unnatural and sometimes frustrate its users. To this end, generating coherent and natural sounding language is a major concern in any natural language system. In this paper, I present a lexicalization approach to refine the machine generated language.


Title:

EVALUATING THE WORD SENSE DISAMBIGUATION ACCURACY WITH THREE DIFFERENT SENSE INVENTORIES

Author(s):

Dan Tufis and Radu Ion

Abstract:

Comparing performances of word sense disambiguation systems is a very difficult evaluation task when different sense inventories are used and, even more difficult when the sense distinctions are not of the same granularity. The paper substantiates this statement by briefly presenting a system for word sense disambiguation (WSD) based on parallel corpora. The method relies on word alignment, word clustering and is supported by a lexical ontology made of aligned wordnets for the languages in the corpora. The wordnets are aligned to the Princeton Wordnet, according to the principles established by EuroWordNet. The evaluation of the WSD system was performed on the same data, using three different granularity sense inventories.


Title:

TRANSCRIPT SEGMENTATION USING UTTERANCE COSINE SIMILARITY MEASURE

Author(s):

Caroline Chibelushi, Bernadette Sharp and Andy Salter

Abstract:

The problem we address in this paper is the extraction of key issues discussed at meetings through the analysis of transcripts. Whilst the task of topic extraction is an easy task for humans it has proven difficult task to automate given the unstructured nature of our transcripts. Our approach is based on the notion of semantic similarity of utterances within the transcripts. Therefore it is desirable to devise an appropriate technique to measure the content similarity, semantic relationships, and to capture the correct notion of distance for a particular task at hand in a given domain. This paper describes the Utterance Cosine Similarity (UCS) method which can be used to analyse transcripts, and identify main topics discussed in the meetings by identifying related utterances through the analysis of nouns used in the transcript and a comparison of the frequency


Title:

MRE: A STUDY ON EVOLUTIONARY LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING

Author(s):

Donghui Feng and Eduard Hovy

Abstract:

The lack of well-annotated data is always one of the biggest problems for most training-based dialogue systems. Without enough training data, it’s almost impossible for a trainable system to work. In this paper, we explore the evolutionary language understanding approach to build a natural language understanding machine in a virtual human training project. We build the initial training data with a finite state machine. The language understanding system is trained based on the automated data first and is improved as more and more real data come in, which is proved by the experimental results.


Title:

AN APPROACH TO NATURAL LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING BASED ON A MENTAL IMAGE MODEL

Author(s):

Masao Yokota

Abstract:

The Mental Image Directed Semantic Theory (MIDST) has proposed an omnisensual mental image model and its description language Lmd. This paper presents a brief sketch of MIDST, and focuses on word meaning description and text understanding in association with the mental image model.


Title:

LEXICAL COHESION: SOME IMPLICATIONS OF AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

Author(s):

Beata Beigman Klebanov and Eli Shamir

Abstract:

Lexical cohesion refers to the perceived unity of text achieved by the author's usage of words with related meanings. Data from an experiment with 22 readers aimed at eliciting lexical cohesive patterns they see in 10 texts is used to shed light on a number of theoretical and applied aspects of the phenomenon: which items in the text carry the cohesive load; what are the appropriate data structures to represent cohesive texture; what are the relations employed in cohesive structures.


Title:

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE SUMMARIZATION OF EVOLVING EVENTS: LINEAR AND NON-LINEAR EVOLUTION

Author(s):

Stergos D. Afantenos, Konstantina Liontou, Maria Salapata and Vangelis Karkaletsis

Abstract:

This system examines the summarization of events which evolve through time. It discusses different types of evolution taking into account the time in which the incidents of an event are happening and the different sources reporting on the specific event. It proposes an approach for multi-document summarization which employs ``messages'' for representing the incidents of an event and cross-document relations that hold between messages according to certain conditions. The paper also outlines the current version of the summarization system we are implementing to realize this approach.


Title:

IDENTIFYING INFORMATION UNITS FOR MULTIPLE DOCUMENT SUMMARIZATION

Author(s):

Seamus Lyons and Dan Smith

Abstract:

Multiple document summarization is becoming increasingly important as a way of reducing information overload, particularly in the context of the proliferation of similar accounts of events that are available on the Web. Removal of similar sentences often results in either partial or unwanted elimination of important information. In this paper, we present an approach to split sentences into their component clauses and use these clauses to produce comprehensive summaries of multiple documents describing particular events. Detailed analysis of all clauses and clause boundaries may be complex and computationally expensive. Our rule-based approach demonstrates that it is possible to achieve high accuracy in a reasonable time.


Title:

MOTIVATIONS AND IMPLICATIONS OF VEINS THEORY

Author(s):

Dan Cristea

Abstract:

The paper deals with the cohesion part of a model of global discourse interpretation, usually known as Veins Theory (VT). By taking from the Rhetorical Structure Theory the notions of nuclearity and relations, but ignoring the relations’ names, VT computes from rhetorical structures strings of discourse units, called veins, from which domains of accessibility can be determined for each discourse unit. VT’s constructs best fit with an incremental view on discourse processing. Linguistics and cognitive observations that lead to the elaboration of the theory are presented. Cognitive aspects like short-term memory and on-line summarization are explained in terms of VT’s constructs. Complementary remarks are made over anaphora and its resolution in relation with the interpretation of discourse.


Title:

TREE DISTANCE IN ANSWER RETRIEVAL AND PARSER EVALUATION

Author(s):

Martin Emms

Abstract:

The paper results on the use of tree distance to perform an answer retrieval task. A number of variants of tree distance are considered including sub-tree distance, structural weighting, wild cards and lexical emphasis. Experiments are described in which it is shown that improving parse quality leads to better answer retrieval. The tree distance variants are compared with each other and with string distance, and one of the variants is shown to out perform string distance.


Title:

NATURAL LANGUAGE INTERFACE PUT IN PERSPECTIVE: INTERACTION OF SEARCH METHOD AND TASK COMPLEXITY

Author(s):

QianYing Wang, Jiang Hu and Clifford Nass

Abstract:

A 2x2 mixed design experiment (N=52) was conducted to examine the effects of search method and task complexity on users’ information-seeking performance and affective experience in an e-commerce context. The former factor had two within-participants conditions: keyword (KW) vs. natural language (NL) search; the latter factor had two between-participants conditions: simple vs. complex tasks. The results show that participants in the complex task condition were more successful when they used KW search than NL search. They thought the tasks were less difficult and reported more enjoyment and confidence with KW search. In the meantime, simple task participants performed better when they used NL rather than KW search. They also perceived the tasks as easier and more enjoyable, and had higher levels of confidence with the results, when NL was used. The findings suggest that NL search is not the panacea for all information retrieval tasks, depending on the complexity of task. Implications for interface design and directions for future research are discussed.


Title:

SYNTACTIC, SEMANTIC AND REFERENTIAL PATTERNS IN BIOMEDICAL TEXTS: TOWARDS IN-DEPTH TEXT COMPREHENSION FOR THE PURPOSE OF BIOINFORMATICS

Author(s):

Barbara Gawronska and Björn Erlendsson

Abstract:

The paper concerns prerequisites for high-quality automatic understanding of scientific texts for the purpose of information fusion (combining information from different sources) in the domain of bioinformatics. The authors focus on syntactic analysis, lexical representation and classification of verbs, and investigation of coreference patterns. A sample corpus of biomedical abstracts is analyzed from syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic perspective, and the results are related to the possibility of automatic information extraction. Tools and resources used for IE in the domain of news reports are evaluated with respect to the biomedicine domain, and the necessary modifications are discussed.


Title:

APPLYING A SEMANTIC INTERPRETER TO A KNOWLEDGE EXTRACTION TASK

Author(s):

Fernando Gomez and Carlos Segami

Abstract:

A system that extracts knowledge from encyclopedic texts is presented. The knowledge extraction component is based on a semantic interpreter of English based on an enhanced WordNet. The input to the knowledge extraction component is the output of the semantic interpreter. The extraction task was chosen in order to test the semantic interpreter. The following aspects are described: the definition of verb predicates and semantic roles, the organization of the inferences, an evaluation of the system, and a session with the system.


Title:

AUTOMATIC SUMMARIZATION BASED ON SENTENCE MORPHO-SYNTACTIC STRUCTURE: NARRATIVE SENTENCES COMPRESSION

Author(s):

Mehdi Yousfi-Monod and Violaine Prince

Abstract:

We propose an automated text summarization through sentence compression. Our approach uses constituent syntactic function and position in the sentence syntactic tree. We first define the idea of a constituent as well as its role as an information provider, before analyzing contents and discourse consistency losses caused by deleting such a constituent. We explain why our method works best with narrative texts. With a rule-based system using SYGFRAN's morpho-syntactic analysis for French \cite{C84}, we select removable constituents. Our results are satisfactory at the sentence level but less effective at the whole text level, a situation we explain by describing the difference of impact between constituents and relations.


Title:

A WEIGHTED MAXIMUM ENTROPY LANGUAGE MODEL FOR TEXT CLASSIFICATION

Author(s):

Kostas Fragos, Yannis Maistros and Christos Skourlas

Abstract:

The Maximum entropy (ME) approach has been extensively used for various natural language processing tasks, such as language modeling, part-of-speech tagging, text segmentation and text classification. Previous work in text classification has been done using maximum entropy modeling with binary-valued features or counts of feature words. In this work, we present a method to apply Maximum Entropy modeling for text classification in a different way it has been used so far, using weights for both to select the features of the model and to emphasize the importance of each one of them in the classification task. Using the X square test to assess the contribution of each candidate feature from the obtained X square values we rank the features and the most prevalent of them, those which are ranked with the higher X square scores, they are used as the selected features of the model. Instead of using Maximum Entropy modeling in the classical way, we use the X square values to weight the features of the model and give thus a different importance to each one of them. The method has been evaluated on Reuters-21578 dataset for test classification tasks, giving very promising results and performing comparable to some of the “state of the art” systems in the classification field.


Title:

WHEN SMART HOME MEETS PERVASIVE HEALTHCARE SERVICES USING MOBILE DEVICES AND SENSOR NETWORKS– STATUS AND ISSUES

Author(s):

Ti-Shiang Wang

Abstract:

The present work is focused on the systematization of a process of knowledge acquisition for its use in intelligent management systems. The result was the construction of a computational structure for use inside the institutions (Intranet) as well as outside them (Internet). This structure was called Knowledge Engineering Suite, an ontological engineering tool to support the construction of ontologies in a collaborative environment and was based on observations made on the Semantic Web, UNL (Universal Networking Language) and WordNet. We use both a knowledge representation technique called DCKR to organize knowledge, and psychoanalytic studies, focused mainly on Lacan and his language theory to develop a methodology called Mind Engineering to improve the synchronicity between knowledge engineers and specialists in a particular knowledge domain.


Title:

A KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION AND REASONING MODULE FOR A DIALOGUE SYSTEM IN A MOBILE ROBOT

Author(s):

Luís Seabra Lopes, António J. S. Teixeira and Marcelo Quinderé

Abstract:

The recent evolution of Carl, an intelligent mobile robot, is presented. The paper focuses on the new knowledge representation and reasoning module, developed to support high-level dialogue. This module supports the integration of information coming from different interlocutors and is capable of handling contradictory facts. The knowledge representation language is based on classical semantic networks, but incorporates some notions from UML. Question answering is based on deductive as well as inductive inference.


Title:

CLOSING THE GAP: COGNITIVELY ADEQUATE, FAST BROAD-COVERAGE GRAMMATICAL ROLE PARSING

Author(s):

Gerold Schneider, Fabio Rinaldi, Kaarel Kaljurand and Michael Hess

Abstract:

We present Pro3Gres, a fast robust broad-coverage and deep-linguistic parser that has been applied to and evaluated on unrestricted amounts of text from unrestricted domains. We show that it is largely cognitively adequate and discuss related approaches. We argue that Pro3Gres contributes to closing the gap between psycholinguistics and language engineering, between probabilistic parsing and formal grammar-based parsing, between shallow parsing and full parsing, and between deterministic parsing and non-deterministic parsing. We also describe the successful applications of Pro3Gres, focusing on its use for parsing research texts from the BioMedical domain.


Workshop on Ubiquitous Computing (IWUC-2005)
 
Title:

WHEN SMART HOME MEETS PERVASIVE HEALTHCARE SERVICES USING MOBILE DEVICES AND SENSOR NETWORKS– STATUS AND ISSUES

Author(s):

Ti-Shiang Wang

Abstract:

In this paper, to deliver healthcare service pervasively, especially to the home space, we first discuss the status and activities on healthcare infrastructures and systems using mobile devices and sensor networks. We also provide the information and illustrate the reasons why home healthcare will be even more hot space in the near future. With the advance of wireless network, mobile devices become more demanding for users to communicate each other either for voice or data service, or both. In addition, as medical record goes to digital form and will be available any where, any time and used by any kind of mobile devices, so that mobile healthcare becomes a hot topic and many issues are currently working on. From the user side point of view, advanced sensing devices and networks based on them provide rich context and seamless connec-tion between users and mobile devices so that the personal data or medical re-cord could be updated as needed and quality of services can be improved. With the help of smart sensors and sensor networks embedded either on body or in the home space, the quality of personal healthcare can be improved in lower cost as well. In this paper, we also address some issues to implement the home-based pervasive healthcare applications and provide a visionary scenario inte-grating smart home and healthcare services.


Title:

A PLATFORM FOR UNIVERSAL ACCESS TO APPLICATIONS

Author(s):

Nuno Valero Ribeiro and José Manuel Brázio

Abstract:

This paper gives an insight on the services that are necessary for a system capable of supporting one practical application of the concept of Ubiquitous Computing. The applied scenario is an academic campus and it is pretended that students may access typical laboratorial computer applications ubiquitously, i. e., anywhere and at anytime. We call it: Universal Access to Applications. In this scenario, each user may access and use an arbitrary and heterogeneous set of applications on any computer and anywhere in the campus. A survey on technologic solutions for enabling the access to non-native applications is firstly summarized. Then we proceed with the design of such distributed system using MoNet methodology. Four steps are covered together with their main contributions: requirements capturing, conception of a Logical Model, elaboration of a Functional Model, and finally, setting of a Reference Model for implementation. From this Reference Model it becomes clear that a careful choice on what kind of middleware technology to adopt is fundamental for such a system. Finally, conclusions from a proof-of-concept developed platform (SDUA), based on the modelled system, are given.


Title:

TOWARDS ACCEPTABLE PUBLIC-KEY ENCRYPTION IN SENSOR NETWORKS

Author(s):

Erik-Oliver Blaß and Martina Zitterbart

Abstract:

One of the huge problems for security in sensor networks is the lack of resources. Typical sensor nodes such as the quite popular MICA and MICA2 Motes from UC Berkeley [1] are based on a microcontroller architecture with only a few KBytes of memory and severe limited computing ability. Strong publickey cryptography is therefore commonly seen as infeasible on such devices. In contrast to this prejudice this paper presents an efficient and lightweight implementation of public-key cryptography algorithms relying on elliptic curves. The code is running on Atmels 8Bit ATMEGA128 microcontroller, the heart of the MICA2 platform. To our knowledge this implementation is the first to offer acceptable encryption speed while providing adequate security in sensor networks. The key to our fast implementation is the use of offline precomputation and handcrafting.


Title:

AN INFRASTRUCTURED-ARCHITECTURAL MODEL (IAM) FOR PERVASIVE & UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING

Author(s):

R. Gunasekaran and V. Rhymend Uthariayaraj

Abstract:

An extensible and modular architecture called IAM that addresses this information-routing problem while leveraging significant existing work on composable Internet services and adaptation for heterogeneous devices is described here. IAM's central abstraction is the concept of a trigger, a self-describing chunk of information bundled with the spatial and/or temporal constraints that define the context in which the information should be delivered. The IAM architecture manages triggers at a centralized infrastructure server and arranges for the triggers to be distributed to pervasive computing devices that can detect when the trigger conditions have been satisfied and alert the user accordingly. The main contribution of the architecture is an infrastructure-centric approach to the trigger management problem. We argue that pervasive computing devices benefit from extensive support in the form of infrastructure computing services in at least two ways. First, infrastructure adaptation services can help manage communication among heterogeneous devices. Second, access to public infrastructure services such as MapQuest and Yahoo can augment the functionality of trigger management because they naturally support the time and location dependent tasks typical of pervasive-computing users. We describe our experience with a functional prototype implementation that exploits GPS to simulate an AutoPC.


Title:

INTERACTING WITH OUR ENVIRONMENT THROUGH SENTIENT MOBILE PHONES

Author(s):

Diego López de Ipiña, Iñaki Vázquez and David Sainz

Abstract:

The latest mobile phones are offering more multimedia features, better communication capabilities (Bluetooth, GPRS, 3G) and are far more easily programmable (extendible) than ever before. So far, the “killer apps” to exploit these new capabilities have been presented in the form of MMS (Multimedia Messaging), video conferencing and multimedia-on-demand services. We deem that a new promising application domain for the latest Smart Phones is their use as intermediaries between us and our surrounding environment. Thus, our mobiles will behave as personal butlers who assist us in our daily tasks, taking advantage of the computational services provided at our working or living environments. For this to happen, a key element is to add senses to our mobiles: capability to see (camera), hear (michrophone), notice (Bluetooth) the objects and devices offering computer services within an environment. In this paper, we propose the MobileSense system which adds sensing capabilities to mobile phones. We illustrate its use in two scenarios: (1) making mobiles more accessible to people with disabilities and (2) enabling the mobiles as guiding devices within a museum.


Title:

INTEGRATED AUTHORIZATION FOR GRID SYSTEM ENVIRONMENTS

Author(s):

Jiageng Li

Abstract:

Grid computing has received widespread attention in recent years as a significant new research field. Yet to date, there has been only a limited work on the grid system authorization problem. In this paper, we address the authorization problem and its requirements in a grid system environment. We propose a new integrated authorization service that tackles the authorization problem at two levels: grid system level and organization unit level. It is shown that the new approach not only meets the requirements of the authorization in grid system environment but also overcomes the disadvantages found in existing authorization designs.


Title:

SERVICE COMPOSITION BASED MIDDLEWARE ARCHITECTURE FOR MOBILE GRID

Author(s):

M. A. Maluk Mohamed and D. Janakiram

Abstract:

Service Composition refers to the construction of complex services with the help of more primitive and easily executable services or components. With the proliferation of wireless communication and the mobile Internet, the demand for mobile data services has increased. In addition the recent spurt of e-services and m-services has increased the importance of service composition. We envisage service composition to play a crucial role in providing mobile devices access to complex services. The basis for our proposed approach is to virtualize the individual system resources as services that can be described, discovered and dynamically configured at runtime to execute an application. To accomplish such a global service composition we propose to add functional layers over the Anonymous Remote Mobile Cluster Computing model. The idea behind such middleware is to use the available resources efficiently and to hide the complexity inherent in managing heterogeneous services. This paper describes the unique capabilities of the proposed middleware and gives the layered view of the proposed architecture.


Title:

ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS FOR CONTEXT-AWARE SERVICES PLATFORMS

Author(s):

P. Dockhorn Costa, L. Ferreira Pires and M. van Sinderen

Abstract:

Architectural patterns have been proposed in many domains as means of capturing recurring design problems that arise in specific design situations. In this paper, we present three architectural patterns that can be applied beneficially in the development of context-aware services platforms. These patterns present solutions for recurring problems associated with managing context information and proactively reacting upon context changes. We demonstrate the benefits of applying these patterns by discussing the AWARENESS architecture.


Title:

ICRICKET: A PROGRAMMABLE BRICK FOR KIDS' PERVASIVE COMPUTING APPLICATIONS

Author(s):

Fred Martin, Kallol Par, Kareem Abu-Zahra, Vasiliy Dulsky and Andrew Chanler

Abstract:

The iCricket is a new internet-enabled embedded control board with built-in motor and sensor interface circuits. It is designed for use by pre-college students and other programming novices. It includes a Logo virtual machine with extensions that allow networked iCrickets communicate with one another, retrieving sensor values and remotely running each other's Logo procedures. The underlying implementation uses standard HTTP protocols. The iCricket's key contribution is that it will allow programming novices (children, artists, and other non-engineers) to implement pervasive computing applications with an easy-to-use, interactive language (Logo). This paper focuses the iCricket hardware and software design. Later work will evaluate results of using the design with various users.


Title:

QOS IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION FOR MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS

Author(s):

Xuefei Li and Laurie Cuthbert

Abstract:

Future mobile Ad hoc networks (MANETs) are expected to be based on all-IP architecture and be capable of carrying the multitude of real time multimedia applications such as voice, video and data. It is very necessary for MANETs to have a reliable and efficient routing and quality of service (QoS) mechanism to support diverse applications which have varying and stringent requirements for delay, jitter, bandwidth, packets loss. Providing multipath routing is very beneficial to avoid traffic congestion and break of communications in MANETs where routes are disconnected frequently due to mobility. Differentiated Services (DiffServ) which have simple, efficient and scalable characteristics can be used to classify network traffic into different priority levels and apply different scheduling and queuing mechanisms to obtain QoS guarantees. In this paper, we propose a practical node-disjoint Multipath QoS Routing protocol of supporting DiffServ (MQRD), which provides low routing overhead and end-to-end QoS support. Simulation results show that MQRD achieves better performance in terms of packet delivery ratio and average delay.


Title:

PERVASIVE SECURE ELECTRONIC HEALTHCARE RECORDS MANAGEMENT

Author(s):

Petros Belsis, Apostolos Malatras, Stefanos Gritzalis, Christos Skourlas and Ioannis Chalaris

Abstract:

Pervasive environments introduce a technological paradigm shift, giving a new impetus to the functionality of applications, overcoming applicability barriers of legacy applications. Electronic healthcare records management can clearly benefit from the new challenges brought by this emerging technology, due to its low cost and high percentage of user adaptivity. Still, the sensitivity of medical data, poses new requirements in the design of a secure infrastructure based on the ad-hoc networking schema, which underlies pervasive environments.


Title:

SERVICE COMPOSITION IN EHOME SYSTEMS: A RULE-BASED APPROACH

Author(s):

Michael Kirchhof and Philipp Stinauer

Abstract:

In this paper we will take a look at systems combining automated homes, called eHomes, with enterprises and virtual enterprises. We call these systems eHome systems. We focus on the service composition in order to reduce complexity and to leverage maintainability and extensibility of eHome services. Talking about services, we mean any piece of software, which is executed in a network environment, making the usage and administration of ubiquitous appliances easier. Current situation is, that the complete functionality is hard-coded into services without the facilities to be extended or reused. Many logical correlations (e.g., how to react if an alarm condition is raised) are made explicit in an inappropriate way. To tackle this problem, we introduce a declarative approach to specify logical correlations and to combine functionalities and services to new services, offering the required flexibility and comprehensiveness.


Title:

A SENSORY ORIENTED MODEL FOR MONITORING UBIQUITOUS ENVIRONMENTS

Author(s):

Soraya Kouadri Mostéfaoui

Abstract:

Recently context and context-aware computing have gained a remarkable momentum and attracted the attention of several researchers. The work presented in this paper contributes to this topic by providing a generic and flexible model for handling heterogeneous sensor data. Our work towards this goal is not the first one; recently there have been many attempts in this direction. However, to our knowledge, most of them are tightly coupled to a particular set of application domains and lack generality. The proposed model tries to overcome this shortcoming. Our modelling concepts are founded on an XML based approach, in which context


Workshop on Security In Information Systems (WOSIS-2005)
 
Title:

A SECURE HASH-BASED STRONG-PASSWORD AUTHENTICATION SCHEME

Author(s):

Shuyao Yu, Youkun Zhang, Runguo Ye and Chuck Song

Abstract:

Password authentication remains to be the most common form of user authentication. So far, many strong-password authentication schemes based on hash functions have been proposed, however, none is sufficiently secure and efficient. Based on the analysis of attacks against OSPA protocol, we present a hash-based Strong-Password mutual Authentication Scheme (SPAS), which is resistant to DoS attacks, replay attacks, impersonation attacks, and stolen-verifier attacks.


Title:

TRANSITIVE SIGNATURES BASED ON BILINEAR MAPS

Author(s):

Changshe Ma, Kefei Chen, Shengli Liu and Dong Zheng

Abstract:

The notion of transitive signature, firstly introduced by Micali and Rivest, is a way to digitally sign the vertices and edges of a dynamically growing, transitively closed graph. All the previous proposed transitive signature schemes were constructed from discrete logarithm, factoring, or RSA assumption. In this paper, we introduce two alternative realizations of transitive signature based on bilinear maps. The proposed transitive signature schemes possess the following properties: (i) they are provably secure against adaptive chosen-message attacks in the random oracle model; (ii) there are no need for node certificates in our transitive signature schemes, so the signature algebra is compact; (iii) if using Weil pairing, our signature schemes are more efficient than all previous proposed schemes.


Title:

PUBLIC-KEY ENCRYPTION BASED ON MATRIX DIAGONALIZATION PROBLEM

Author(s):

Jiande Zheng

Abstract:

We propose in this paper a novel public-key function based on matrix diagonalization problem over a ring of algebraic integers, develop a scheme for message encryption with it, and show that its one-way property is related to either the complexity of extracting irrational roots from a high-order polynomial equation, or the complexity of finding a secret composite factor from a big integer, which is a product of a large number of primes. The new public key cryptosystem has two original features that distinguish it from existing ones: (a) It recognizes the ability of adversaries to factor big integers; (b) It requires only simple (without modulus) additions and multiplications for message encryption and decryption, no high-order exponentiation is required.


Title:

A REAL-TIME INTRUSION PREVENTION SYSTEM FOR COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE DATABASES AND FILE SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Ulf T. Mattsson

Abstract:

Modern intrusion detection systems are comprised of three basically different approaches, host based, network based, and a third relatively recent addition called procedural based detection. The first two have been extremely popular in the commercial market for a number of years now because they are relatively simple to use, understand and maintain. However, they fall prey to a number of shortcomings such as scaling with increased traffic requirements, use of complex and false positive prone signature databases, and their inability to detect novel intrusive attempts. This paper presents an overview of our work in creating a practical database intrusion detection system. Based on many years of Database Security Research, the proposed solution detects a wide range of specific and general forms of misuse, provides detailed reports, and has a low false-alarm rate. Traditional commercial implementations of database security mechanisms are very limited in defending successful data attacks. Authorized but malicious transactions can make a database useless by impairing its integrity and availability. The proposed solution offers the ability to detect misuse and subversion through the direct monitoring of database operations inside the database host, providing an important complement to host-based and network-based surveillance.


Title:

ANALYSING THE WOO-LAM PROTOCOL USING CSP AND RANK FUNCTIONS

Author(s):

Siraj Shaikh and Vicky Bush

Abstract:

Designing security protocols is a challenging and deceptive exercise. Even small protocols providing straightforward security goals, such as authentication, have been hard to design correctly, leading to the presence of many subtle attacks. Over the years various formal approaches have emerged to analyse security protocols making use of different formalisms. Schneider has developed a formal approach to modeling security protocols using the process algebra CSP. He introduces the notion of rank functions to analyse the protocols. We demonstrate an application of this approach to the Woo-Lam protocol. We describe the protocol in detail along with an established attack on its goals. We then describe Schneider’s rank function theorem and use it to analyse the protocol.


Title:

A UML-BASED METHODOLOGY FOR SECURE SYSTEMS: THE DESIGN STAGE

Author(s):

Eduardo B. Fernandez, Tami Sorgente and María M. Larrondo-Petrie

Abstract:

We have previously proposed a UML-based secure systems development methodology that uses patterns and architectural layers. We studied requirements and analysis aspects and combined analysis patterns with security patterns to build secure conceptual models. Here we extend this methodology to the design stage. Design artifacts provide a way to enforce security constraints. We consider the use of views, components, and distribution.


Title:

ID-BASED SERIAL MULTISIGNATURE SCHEME USING BILINEAR PAIRINGS

Author(s):

Raju Gangishetti, M. Choudary Gorantla, Manik Lal Das, Ashutosh Saxena and Ved P. Gulati

Abstract:

This paper presents an ID-based serial multisignature scheme using bilinear pairings. We use Hess's ID-based signature scheme as the base scheme for our multisignature scheme. Our scheme requires a forced verification at every level to avoid the overlooking of the signatures of the predecessors. We show that the scheme is secure against existential forgery under adaptive chosen message attack in the random oracle model.


Title:

AN ATTRIBUTE-BASED-DELEGATION-MODEL AND ITS EXTENSION

Author(s):

Chunxiao Ye, Zhongfu Wu and Yunqing Fu

Abstract:

In current delegation models, delegation security fully depends on delegator and security administrator. In many cases, we need a more secured delegation with a strict constraint. Delegation constraint of current delegation models is only delegation prerequisite condition. This paper proposes an Attribute-Based-Delegation-Model (ABDM) with an extended delegation constraint. Delegation constraint in ABDM includes delegation attribute expression (DAE) and delegation prerequisite condition (CR). In ABDM, delegatees must satisfy delegation constraint (especially DAE) when assigned to a delegation role. With delegation constraint, delegator can restrict the delegatee candidates more strictly. ABDM relieves the security management effort of delegator and security administrator in delegation. ABDM also supports two new types of delegations: decided-delegatee and undecided-delegatee. In ABDM, temporary and permanent delegation constraints are the same, thus limit the scope of delegatee candidates in temporary delegtion. So, if delegator wants to temporary delegate his permissions to a person who doesn’t satisfy delegation constraint for a short term, ABDM doesn’t support this operation. For a more flexibility and security, we propose a delegation model named ABDMX, which is an extension of ABDM. In ABDMX, delegator can temporary delegate some high level permissions to low level delegatee candidates for short term. But delegator can’t permanent delegate high level permissions to low level delegatee candidates.


Title:

A PROTOCOL FOR INCORPORATING BIOMETRICS IN 3G WITH RESPECT TO PRIVACY

Author(s):

Christos K. Dimitriadis and Despina Polemi

Abstract:

A common parameter in the security mechanisms of Third Generation (3G) mobile systems is user authentication, which is usually implemented by the use of a Personal Identification Number (PIN) or a password. However, knowledge as well as the possession of an item, does not distinguish a person uniquely, revealing an inherent security weakness of password and token-based authentica-tion mechanisms. Moreover, PIN stealing, guessing or cracking have become very popular, with software tools implementing relevant attacks and research pa-pers describing sophisticated techniques for invading PIN security. This paper proposes a secure protocol, called BIO3G, for embedding biometrics in 3G secu-rity, which is differentiated from the common practice of utilizing biometrics lo-cally, for gaining access to the device, providing real end-to-end user strong au-thentication to the mobile operator, requiring no storing or transferring of biomet-ric data and eliminating at the same time any biometric enrolment and administra-tion procedure, which are time-consuming for the user and expensive for the mo-bile operator.


Title:

AN APPROACH FOR MODELING INFORMATION SYSTEMS SECURITY RISK ASSESSMENT

Author(s):

Subhas C. Misra, Vinod Kumar and Uma Kumar

Abstract:

In this paper, we present a conceptual modeling approach, which is new in the domain of information systems security risk assessment. The approach is helpful for performing means-end analysis, thereby uncovering the structural origin of security risks in an information system, and how the root-causes of such risks can be controlled from the early stages of the projects. The approach addresses this limitation of the existing security risk assessment models by exploring the strategic dependencies between the actors of a system, and analyzing the motivations, intents, and rationales behind the different entities and activities constituting the system.


Title:

STATEFUL DESIGN FOR SECURE INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Thuong Doan, Laurent D. Michel, Steven A. Demurjian and T. C. Ting

Abstract:

UML has gained wide acceptance as tool for the design of component-based applications, containing different diagrams (e.g., use-case, class, sequence, activity, etc.) for representing functional requirements. However, UML is lacking in its ability to model security requirements, which is the norm rather than the exception in today's applications. This paper presents and explains techniques that support stateful design for secure information systems, for applications constructed using UML that have been extended with role-based access control and mandatory access control properties. From a security-assurance perspective, we track all states of a design to insure that a new state (created from a prior state) is always free of security inconsistencies, in terms of the privileges of users (playing roles) against the application's components. This paper examines the theory of our approach, along with its realization as part of the design process and within the UML tool Together Control Center.


Title:

ANALYSIS OF THE PHISHING EMAIL PROBLEM AND DISCUSSION OF POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS

Author(s):

Christine Drake, Andrew Klein and Jonathan Oliver

Abstract:

With the growth of email, it was only a matter of time before social engineering efforts used to defraud people moved online. Fraudulent phishing emails are specifically designed to imitate legitimate correspondence from reputable companies but fraudulently ask recipients for personal or corporate information. Recent consumer phishing attempts include spoofs of eBay, PayPal and Citibank. Phishing emails can lead to identity theft, security breaches, and fi-nancial loss and liability. Phishing also damages e-commerce because some people avoid Internet transactions for fear they will become victims of fraud. In a recent survey, both fraudulent and legitimate emails were misidentified 28 percent of the time and 90 percent of respondents misidentified at least one email. Based on these results, we cannot expect consumers alone to be able to recognize phishing emails. Instead, we must combine multiple solutions to combat phishing, including technical, legal, best business practices, and con-sumer education.


Title:

DETECTION OF THE OPERATING SYSTEM CONFIGURATION VULNERABILITIES WITH SAFETY EVALUATION FACILITY

Author(s):

Peter D. Zegzhda, Dmitry P. Zegzhda and Maxim O. Kalinin

Abstract:

In this paper, we address to formal verification methodologies and Safety Evaluation Workshop, the system analyzing facility, to verify property of the operating systems safety. Using our technique it becomes possible to discover security drawbacks in any security system based on access control model of 'state machine' style. Through our case study of model checking in Sample Vulnerability Checking (SVC), we show how SEW tool can be applied in MS Windows 2000 to specify and verify safety problem of system security.


Title:

VALIDATING THE SECURITY OF MEDUSA: A SURVIVABILITY PROTOCOL FOR SECURITY SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Wiebe Wiechers and Semir Daskapan

Abstract:

In this paper a new approach for enabling survivable secure communications in multi agent systems is validated through CSP/FDR state analysis. The security validation of this approach centers around three security properties: confidentiality, integrity and authentication. Requirements for these security properties are defined for every message generated by this security protocol during its life cycle. A logical analysis of these requirements is followed up by a thorough security validation, based on a model-checking CSP/FDR analysis. Both analyses show that with minor modifications the protocol is able to deliver on its security requirements for the three tested security properties. Finally, the protocol is optimized with possible improvements that increase its efficiency whilst maintaining the security requirements.


Title:

EXTERNAL OBJECT TRUST ZONE MAPPING FOR INFORMATION CLUSTERING

Author(s):

Yanjun Zuo and Brajendra Panda

Abstract:

In a loosely-coupled system various objects may be imported from different sources and the integrity levels of these objects can vary widely. Like downloaded information from the World Wide Web, these imported objects should be carefully organized and disseminated to different trust zones, which meet the security requirements of different groups of internal applications. Assigning an object to a trust zone is called trust zone mapping, which is essentially a form of information clustering and is designed to guide internal applications when they are using objects from different zones. We developed methods to perform trust zone mapping based on objects’ trust attribute values. The defined threshold selection operators allow internal applications to best express their major security concerns while tolerating insignificant issues to certain degrees. As two major trust attributes, the primary and secondary trust values are explained and we illustrate how to calculate each of them.


Title:

A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO ANONYMITY

Author(s):

Sabah S. Al-Fedaghi

Abstract:

Personal information anonymity concerns with anonymizing information that identifies individuals; in contrast to anonymizing activities such as downloading copyrighted items on the Internet. It may refer to encrypting personal data, “generalization and suppression” (Samarati, 2001), ‘untraceability’ or ‘unidentifiability’ of identity in the network, etc. A common underlining notion is hiding the “identities” of persons whom the data refers to. We introduce a systematic framework of personal information anonymization by utilizing a new definition of based on referents to persons in linguistic assertions. Anonymization is classified with respect to its content, its proprietor (the person it refers to) or its possessor. A general methodology is introduced to anonymize private information, based on canonical forms that include a personal identity. It is shown that the method is applied both for textual and tabular data.


Title:

HONEYNET CLUSTERS AS AN EARLY WARNING SYSTEM FOR PRODUCTION NETWORKS

Author(s):

Sushan Sudaharan, Srikrishna Dhammalapati, Sijan Rai and Duminda Wijesekera

Abstract:

Due to the prevalence of distributed and coordinated Internet attacks, many researchers and network administrators study the nature and strategies of attackers. To analyze event logs, using intrusion detection systems and active network monitoring, Honeynets are being deployed to attract potential attackers in order to investigate their modus operandi. Our goal is to use Honeynet clusters as real-time warning systems in production networks. Towards satisfying this objective, we have built a Honeynet cluster and have run experiments to determine its effectiveness. Majority of Honeynets function in isolation and do not share information real time. In order to rectify this deficiency, we built a federation of cooperating Honeynets (referred to as Honeynet cluster) that shares knowledge of malicious traffic. This paper describes the methods in building a hardware assisted Honeynet cluster and testing its effectiveness.


Title:

SECURE UML INFORMATION FLOW USING FLOWUML

Author(s):

Khaled Alghathbar, Duminda Wijesekera and Csilla Farkas

Abstract:

FlowUML is a logic-based system to validate information flow policies at the requirements specification phase of UML based designs. It uses Horn clauses to specify information flow polices that can be checked against flow information extracted from UML sequence diagrams. FlowUML policies can be written at a coarse grain level of caller-callee relationships or at a finer level involving passed attributes. Validating information flow requirements at an early stage prevents costly fixes mandated during latter stages of the development life cycle.


Title:

AN EFFECTIVE CERTIFICATELESS SIGNATURE SCHEME BASED ON BILINEAR PAIRINGS

Author(s):

M. Choudary Gorantla, Raju Gangishetti, Manik Lal Das and Ashutosh Saxena

Abstract:

In this paper we propose a certificateless signature scheme based on bilinear pairings. The scheme effectively removes secure channel for key issuance between trusted authority and users and avoids key escrow problem, which is an inherent drawback in ID-based cryptosystems. The scheme uses a simple blinding technique to eliminate the need of secure channel and user chosen secret value to avoid the key escrow problem. The signature scheme is secure against adaptive chosen message attack in the random oracle model.


Title:

CONTROLLED SHARING OF PERSONAL CONTENT USING DIGITAL RIGHTS MANAGEMENT

Author(s):

Claudine Conrado, Milan Petkovic, Michiel van der Veen and Wytse van der Velde

Abstract:

This paper describes a system which allows the controlled distribution of personal digital content by users. The system extends an existing Digital Rights Management system that protects commercial copyrighted content by es-sentially allowing users to become content providers. This fact however makes the system vulnerable to the illegal content distribution, i.e., distribution by us-ers who do not own the content. To solve this problem a solution is proposed which involves the compulsory registration with a trusted authority of a user’s personal content. During registration, content identity is initially checked to verify whether the content is new. If it is, the association between user identity and content is securely recorded by the authority, with users also having the possibility to remain anonymous towards any other party. In this way, the trusted authority can always verify personal content ownership. Moreover, in case the initial content identification fails and content is illegally registered, the authority can ensure user accountability.


Title:

USING REPUTATION SYSTEMS TO COPE WITH TRUST PROBLEMS IN VIRTUAL ORGANIZATIONS

Author(s):

Marco Voss and Wolfram Wiesemann

Abstract:

The concept of virtual organizations (VO) denotes a relatively new organizational approach. It should allow especially small- and medium-sized firms to rapidly cooperate by forming ad-hoc organizations in order to exploit business opportunities that would otherwise not be manageable for the participants alone. VOs will span enterprise and national boarders. This paper addresses the trust problem inherent in virtual organizations and proposes reputation systems as a solution which already proved functionality in many domains of computer science. We finally present a reputation system for VO marketplaces that pays special attention to the privacy requirements specific to this scenario.


Title:

AN APPROACH FOR THE ANALYSIS OF SECURITY STANDARDS FOR AUTHENTICATION IN DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS

Author(s):

H. A. Eneh and O. Gemikonakli

Abstract:

In this paper, we present our analysis of the leading standards for authentication in distributed systems in order to illustrate the extensibility of a finite proof system initially adopted by [3] but could only be illustrated with Woo and Lam protocol. Our inference rule proved that Kerberos version 5 remains vulnerable in scenarios of an attacker having unlimited communication and computational power especially in a single broadcast network. This vulnerability can aid a masquerade participating in the protocol. We also prove the possibility of a masquerade attack when an intruder participates in the SAML protocol. Though our inference rule, as part of our pre-emptive protocol tool still in early stages of development, may show some analytical difficulties, it has the potential to reveal subtle flaws that may not be detected by rules of the same family.


Title:

AN EFFICIENT AND SIMPLE WAY TO TEST THE SECURITY OF JAVA CARDSTM

Author(s):

Serge Chaumette and Damien Sauveron

Abstract:

Till recently it was impossible to have more than one single application running on a smart card. Multiapplication cards, and especially Java Cards, now make it possible to have several applications sharing the same physical piece of plastic. Today, these cards accept to load code only after an authentication. But in the future, the cards will be open an everybody should be authorized to upload an application. This raises new security problems by creating additional ways to attack Java Cards. These problems and the method to test them are the topic of this paper. The attacks will be illustrated with code samples. The method presented here can be applied right now by authorised people (e.g. ITSEF) to test the security of Java Cards since they have the authentication keys and tomorrow a hacker may also be able to use this method to attack cards without needing the keys.


Title:

TREE AUTOMATA FOR SCHEMA-LEVEL FILTERING OF XML ASSOCIATIONS

Author(s):

Vaibhav Gowadia and Csilla Farkas

Abstract:

In this paper we present query filtering techniques based on bottom-up tree automata for XML access control. In our authorization model (RXACL), RDF statements are used to represent security objects and to express the security policy. We present concepts of simple security object and association security object. Our model allows to express and enforce access control on XML trees and their associations. We propose a query-filtering technique that evaluate XML queries to detect disclosure of association-level security objects. We use tree automata to model-security objects. Intuitively a query Q discloses a security object o iff the (tree) automata corresponding to o accepts Q. We show that our schema-level method detects all possible disclosures, i.e., it is complete.


Title:

TOWARDS A PROCESS FOR WEB SERVICES SECURITY

Author(s):

Carlos Gutiérrez, Eduardo Fernández-Medina and Mario Piattini

Abstract:

Web Services (WS) security has been enormously developed by the major organizations and consortiums of the industry during the last few years. This has carried out the appearance of a huge number of WS security standards. This fact has caused that organizations have been reticent about adopting technologies based on this paradigm due to the learning curve necessary to integrate security into their practical deployments. In this paper, we present PWSSec (Process for Web Services Security) that enables the integration of a set of specific security stages into the traditional phases of WS-based systems development. PWSSec defines three stages, WSSecReq, WSSecArch and WSSecTech that facilitate the definition of WS-specific security requirements, the development of a WS-based security architecture and the identification of the WS security standards that the security architecture must articulate to implement the security services, respectively


Title:

COOPERATIVE DEFENSE AGAINST NETWORK ATTACKS

Author(s):

Guangsen Zhang and Manish Parashar

Abstract:

Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks on the Internet have become an immediate problem. As DDoS streams do not have common characteristics, currently available intrusion detection systems (IDS) can not detect them accurately. As a result, defend DDoS attacks based on current available IDS will dramatically affect legitimate traffic. In this paper, we propose a distributed approach to defend against distributed denial of service attacks by coordinating across the Internet. Unlike traditional IDS, we detect and stop DDoS attacks within the intermediate network. In the proposed approach, DDoS defense systems are deployed in the network to detect DDoS attacks independently. A gossip based communication mechanism is used to exchange information about network attacks between these independent detection nodes to aggregate information about the overall network attacks observed. Using the aggregated information, the individual defense nodes have approximate information about global network attacks and can stop them more effectively and accurately. To provide reliable, rapid and widespread dissemination of attack information, the system is built as a peer to peer overlay network on top of the internet.


Title:

TOWARDS A UML 2.0/OCL EXTENSION FOR DESIGNING SECURE DATA WAREHOUSES

Author(s):

Rodolfo Villarroel, Eduardo Fernández-Medina, Juan Trujillo and Mario Piattini

Abstract:

At present, it is very difficult to develop a methodology that fulfills all criteria and comprises all security constraints in terms of confidentiality, integrity and availability, to successfully design data warehouses. If that methodology was developed, its complexity would avoid its success. Therefore, the solution would be an approach in which techniques and models defined by the most accepted model standards(such as UML)were extended by integrating the necessary security aspects that, at present, are not covered by the existing methodologies. In this paper, we will focus on solving confidentiality problems in data warehouses conceptual modeling by defining a Profile using the UML 2.0 extensibility mechanisms. In addition, we will define an OCL extension that allows us to specify the static and dynamic security constraints of the elements of data warehouses conceptual modeling, and we will show the benefit of our approach by applying this profile to an example.


Title:

A HONEYPOT IMPLEMENTATION AS PART OF THE BRAZILIAN DISTRIBUTED HONEYPOTS PROJECT AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF ATTACKS AGAINST A UNIVERSITY’S NETWORK

Author(s):

Claudia J. Barenco Abbas, Alessandra Lafetá, Giuliano Arruda and Luis Javier Garcia Villalba

Abstract:

This paper intends to describe the deployment of a honeypot at University of Brasília (UnB), by configuring an unique machine as part of the Distributed Honeypots Project from the Brazilian Honeypots Alliance and the Honeynet.BR Project. This work initially presents all the tools needed to implement the honeypot environment, as well as the implementation itself. Afterwards, the collected data about the attacks and their analysis are presented. Finally, final statements are made and future works are suggested.


Title:

SISBRAV – BRAZILIAN VULNERABILITY ALERT SYSTEM

Author(s):

Robson de Oliveira Albuquerque, Daniel Silva Almendra, Leonardo Lobo Pulcineli, Rafael Timoteo de Sousa Junior, Claudia J. B. Abbas and Luis Javier Garcia Villalba

Abstract:

This paper describes the project and implementation of a vulnerability search and alert system based on free software. SisBrAV (acronym in Portuguese for Brazilian Vulnerability Alert System), will consist in a spider mechanism that explores several security-related sites for information on vulnerabilities and an intelligent interpreter responsible for analyzing and sorting the relevant data, feeding it into a database. With that information in hands, an email notifier sends out alerts, in Portuguese, about new vulnerabilities to registered clients, according to the operating systems and services run in their environment. In addition to the email notifier, a web server will also be implemented, for systems administrators to perform an on-demand custom search in the vulnerabilities database.


Title:

MANET - AUTO CONFIGURATION WITH DISTRIBUTED CERTIFICATION AUTHORITY MODELS CONSIDERING ROUTING PROTOCOLS USAGE

Author(s):

Robson de Oliveira Albuquerque, Maíra Hanashiro, Rafael Timoteo de Sousa Junior, Claudia J. B. Abbas and Luis Javier Garcia Villalba

Abstract:

In this paper, we discuss about certification, authentication, auto configuration and routing for mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). The presented design is based on the works [1], [2] and [3]. We describe distributed certification, MAE authentication, auto configuration process and routing protocols. Then, we show some problems of these models and we propose some solutions considering routing and others protocol modifications.


Title:

TOWARDS AN INTEGRATION OF SECURITY REQUIREMENTS INTO BUSINESS PROCESS MODELING

Author(s):

Alfonso Rodríguez, Eduardo Fernández-Medina and Mario Piattini

Abstract:

Business Processes are considered as an essential resource for companies to optimize and assure their quality by obtaining advantages with respect to their competitors. Consequently, Business Process Modeling becomes relevant since it allows us to represent the essence of the business. A notation to model businesses must be able to capture the majority of the requirements of the business. We have had the opportunity to check that security requirements have been scarcely considered in nowadays’ most used notations to model business processes. In this work, we will present the security aspects that can be modelled from the business experts’ dominion and that have been scarcely studied in the business process modeling, a review of the main notations used for modeling and a proposal to represent security requirements considering the knowledge of the experts in the business.


Title:

RETURN ON SECURITY INVESTMENT (ROSI): A PRACTICAL QUANTITATIVE MODEL

Author(s):

Wes Sonnenreich, Jason Albanese and Bruce Stout

Abstract:

Organizations need practical security benchmarking tools in order to plan effective security strategies. This paper explores a number of techniques that can be used to measure security within an organization. It proposes a benchmarking methodology that produces results that are of strategic importance to both decision makers and technology implementers.


Workshop on Computer Supported Activity Coordination (CSAC-2005)
 
Title:

A WEB SERVICES BASED COMMUNICATION SERVICES FRAMEWORK FOR COLLABORATIVE WORK

Author(s):

Jun Liu, Bo Yang and Wei Lu

Abstract:

This paper considers the problem of integrating communication services that support group collaboration systems. Past experience has shown that heterogeneous communication services are extremely difficult to be integrated into collaboration environment and extended to meet continuous changing re-quirements. This paper aims at proposing a common, interoperable framework based on Web Services technology for integrating communication services in a collaboration environment. This framework allows the implementation of reus-able communication services components that can be plugged into the collabo-ration system and be invoked on demand according to communication require-ments of collaboration applications. Based on this framework, a prototype sys-tem called Rich Media Collaborative Workplace is developed. This system pro-vides an integrated collaborative workplace with benefits of increasing produc-tivity, saving cost and improving efficiency.


Title:

A MACHINE LEARNING MIDDLEWARE FOR ON DEMAND GRID SERVICES ENGINEERING AND SUPPORT

Author(s):

Wail M. Omar, A. Taleb Bendiab and Yasir Karam

Abstract:

Over the coming years, many are anticipating grid computing infrastructure, utilities and services to become an integral part of future socio-economical fabric. Though, the realisation of such a vision will be very much affected by a host of factors including; cost of access, reliability, dependability and security of grid services. In earnest, autonomic computing model of systems’ self-adaptation, self-management and self-protection has attracted much interest to improving grid computing technology dependability, security whilst reducing cost of operation. A prevailing design model of autonomic computing systems is one of a goal-oriented and model-based architecture, where rules elicited from domain expert knowledge, domain analysis or data mining are embedded in software management systems to provide autonomic systems functions including; self-tuning and/or self-healing. In this paper, however, we argue for the need for unsupervised machine learning utility and associated middleware to capture knowledge sources to improve deliberative reasoning of autonomic middleware and/or grid infrastructure operation. In particular, the paper presents a machine learning middleware service using the well-known Self-Organising Maps (SOM), which is illustrated through a case-study scenario -- intelligent connected home. The SOM service is used to classify types of users and their respective networked appliances usage model (patterns) and their services dependencies. The models are accessed by our experimental self-managing infrastructure to provide Just-in-Time deployment and activation of required services in line with learnt usage models and baseline architecture of specified services assemblies. The paper concludes with an evaluation and general concluding remarks.


Title:

A WORKFLOW MODEL FOR INTEGRATING IC DESIGN AND TESTING

Author(s):

Andres Mellik

Abstract:

This paper outlines the challenges facing the domain of automated testing of mixed-signal integrated circuits and how these can be tackled by enhancing communication between the design and test engineers. An abstract model is introduced for seem-less interaction of design and test teams, thus enabling faster work-flow and a greater redundancy in the correctness of communicated specification data. The latter is embedded into a system-level model and completely integrated into the process. An abstract model is proposed for realizing the suggestive approach. The goal is to reduce the time for developing and running test programs, which is a major cost factor in the reducing life-cycles of mixed-signal devices. The paper emphasizes obstacles in current settings and suggests workarounds.


Title:

A CONCEPTION OF MULTIAGENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF DISPERSED MARKET INFORMATION – E-NEGOTIATIONS AREA

Author(s):

Leszek Kiełtyka and Rafał Niedbał

Abstract:

The conception of multiagent system (MAS) as a tool aiding dispersed market information management in e-negotiations area was proposed in this article. The results of the conducted surveys concerning among other things identification of the application areas of intelligent software agents in the enterprises are also presented here. Attention was paid to the role of business negotiation in market information acquisition. Software environment AgentBuilder enabling elaboration of the simulating model of the proposed conception of the system was also described in the present article.


Title:

USING TIMED MODEL CHECKING FOR VERIFYINGWORKFLOWS

Author(s):

Volker Gruhn and Ralf Laue

Abstract:

The correctness of a workflow specification is critical for the automation of business processes. For this reason, errors in the specification should be detected and corrected as early as possible - at specification time. In this paper, we present a validation method for workflow specifications using model-checking techniques. A formalized workflow specification, its properties and the correctness requirements are translated into a timed state machine that can be analyzed with the Uppaal model checker. The main contribution of this paper is the use of timed model checking for verifying time-related properties of workflow specifications. Using only one tool (the model checker) for verifying these different kinds of properties gives an advantage over using different specialized algorithms for verifying different kinds of properties.


Title:

A FRAMEWORK FOR DESIGNING COLLABORATIVE TASKS IN A WEB-ENVIRONMENT

Author(s):

Dina Goren-Bar and Tal Goori

Abstract:

We present a framework that considers both the collaboration activities as well as the tools involved combining the artifact and process oriented approaches of knowledge engineering. Following the framework stages, we designed an Asynchronous Learning Network with a collaborative environment that enables structured collaboration between group members. Hundred and fifty (150) university students divided into teams of ten members each performed two collaborative tasks within a university course. As a preliminary evaluation we classified the messages sent by students within the discussion forum. Feedback on uploads increased significantly in the second assignment indicating that students besides performing their own task also took part in other group’s tasks creating a cooperative group that produced a collaborative outcome. We discuss the suitability of the framework for the design of Collaborative Environments for knowledge sharing and raise a few topics for further research.


Title:

PROCESS MODELLING AND ACTIVITY COORDINATION IN AN ACADEMIC SCHOOL WITHIN A HIGHER EDUCATION ENTERPRISE: AN ISO 9001:2000 CERTIFICATION PROCESS

Author(s):

Daisy Seng and Leonid Churilov

Abstract:

To gain a leading edge in today’s competitive environment, higher education enterprises are implementing and obtaining International Standard Organisation (ISO) 9001:2000 certification for their quality management system (QMS). In this paper, the use of ARIS (Architecture of Integrated Information Systems) methodology to assist in process understanding when implementing QMS is discussed. Introduction of the ISO certified QMS into the School of ABC, XYZ University – the first ever for an academic school in Australia, is used as a case study to illustrate both the notion of a process-oriented HEE and the elegance and power of ARIS.


Title:

IDENTITY MANAGEMENT FOR ELECTRONIC NEGOTIATIONS

Author(s):

Omid Tafreschi, Janina Fengel and Michael Rebstock

Abstract:

Using the Internet as the medium for transporting sensitive business data poses risks to companies. Before conducting business electronically, a company should take preventive measures against data manipulations and possible data misuse. One initial step could be obtaining certainty about the true identity of a potential business partner responding to a request or tender. In this paper we report on the development of a concept for identity management to introduce trust for electronic negotiations. We describe the character of electronic negotiations and give an example for a possible use-case scenario of our concept. For this we choose the most complex type of negotiations in the business domain, which are interactive bilateral multiattributive negotiations. Based on a general application architecture for such negotiations developed in a research project, we show the necessity of security provisions and introduce a security concept for identity management. We argue that the development of authentication and authorization services for the identity management of business partners involved in a negotiation are not only crucial but also an enhancement for electronic marketplaces.


Title:

OTHER WAY OF MAKING BUSINESS: A VIRTUAL E-COMMERCE COMMUNITY / CVN PLATFORM

Author(s):

Roberto Naranjo, Jorge Moreno, Luz Marina Sierra and Martha Mendoza

Abstract:

This article describes the current problem in the business environment from the Cauca region – Colombia (South America), and the proposed solution called Project CVN (Spanish initials) “Business Virtual Community - for the Cauca region - Internet Commercial Platform or BVC”. Based on a markets research, the architecture of the added value conceived by the project is described; these values support advertising, collaboration, B2C, and B2B activities framed within the virtual environment of the community. Below, the business model proposed for the community and the logic architecture of the software is described. Lastly the experiences and the learnt lessons throughout the implementation of the project are exposed.


Title:

A WORKFLOW-BASED ENVIRONMENT TO MANAGE SOFTWARE-TESTING PROCESS EXECUTIONS

Author(s):

Duncan Dubugras A. Ruiz, Karin Becker, Bernardo Copstein, Flavio Moreira de Oliveira, Angelina Torres de Oliveira, Gustavo Rossarolla Forgiarini, Cristiano Rech Meneguzzi and Rafaela Lisboa Carvalho

Abstract:

This work describes a workflow-based environment that manages the execution of software-testing processes. Testing processes require that human and computer resources be handled as dedicated resources, previously scheduled for testing activities, with no overlapping. Two striking features of this environment are: a) the efficient handling of resources by taking into account the capabilities offered by resources required by testing activities, and b) it provides a broader view of all execution steps in a software-testing plan. Hence, it enables a better planning of software-testing process executions, as well as of human and computer resources involved.


Title:

IMPROVING SUPPLY CHAIN OPERATIONS PERFORMANCE BY USING A COLLABORATIVE PLATFORM BASED ON A SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE

Author(s):

Rubén Darío Franco, Ángel Ortiz Bas, Víctor Anaya and Rosa Navarro

Abstract:

Every new technology promises to solve a lot of problems inside companies and to achieve unforeseen performance improvements. Nowadays, Service-Oriented Architectures begin to be promoted as new balsam where companies may realize their visions and put all their new strategies in practice. Initially focused on intra-organizational integration efforts, they begin to be used when supporting inter-organizational business processes engineering in networked organizations. Although these kinds of initiatives in most of cases are lead by major companies, the INPREX project (Spanish acronym for Interoperability in Extended Processes), here presented, falls out this category. By contrast, this is an undergoing initiative leaded by a Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) and founded by a local government in Spain. In this work, we introduce the IDIERE Platform which has been designed for supporting three major requirements of networked enterprises: openness, flexibility and dynamism when deploying and executing distributed business processes


Title:

APPLICATION OF SOCIAL NETWORK THEORY TO SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT: THE PROBLEM OF TASK ALLOCATION

Author(s):

Chintan Amrit

Abstract:

To systematize software development, many process models have been proposed over the years. These models focus on the sequence of steps used by developers to create reliable software. Though these process models have helped companies to gain certification and attain global standards, they don’t take into account interpersonal interactions and various other social aspects of software development organizations. In this paper we tackle one crucial part of the Coordination problem in Software Development, namely the problem of task assignment in a team. We propose a methodology to test a sample hypothesis based on how social networks can be used to improve coordination in Software Industry. In a pilot case study based on 4 teams of Masters Student working in a globally distributed environment (Holland and India), the social network structures along with the task distribution in each of the teams were analyzed. In each case we observed that the patterns, which could be used to test many hypothesis on team coordination and task allocation between them.


Title:

REDUCTION OVER TIME: EASING THE BURDEN OF PEER-TO-PEER BARTER RELATIONSHIPS TO FACILITATE MUTUAL HELP

Author(s):

Kenji Saito, Eiichi Morino and Jun Murai

Abstract:

A peer-to-peer complementary currency can be a powerful tool for promoting exchanges and building relationships for coordinated activities. i-WAT is a proposed such currency usable on the Internet. It is based on the WAT System, a polycentric complementary currency using WAT tickets as its media of exchange: participants spontaneously issue and circulate the tickets as needed, whose values are backed up by chains of trust. i-WAT implements the tickets electronically by exchanging messages signed in OpenPGP. This paper proposes an extension to the design of i-WAT to facilitate mutual help among people in need. In particular, we propose additional "reduction" tickets whose values are reduced over time. By deferring redemption of such tickets, the participants can contribute to reduce the debts of the issuers, as well as to accelerate spending. Applications of this feature include a relief to disaster-affected people. A reference implementation of i-WAT has been developed in the form of a plug-in for an XMPP instant messaging client. We have been putting the currency system into practical use, to which the proposed feature will be added shortly.


Title:

INTEGRATING AWARENESS SOURCES IN HETEROGENEOUS COLLABORATION ENVIRONMENTS

Author(s):

Vijayanand Bharadwaj, Y. V. Ramana Reddy and Sumitra Reddy

Abstract:

Collaboration in heterogeneous environments involves dealing with variety of information sources that generate information that users need to be aware of. Users must be empowered to tailor the quality of awareness information. Heterogeneity of sources and media adversely affects the quality of group awareness. We propose a solution in terms of integrating the sources at the in-formation level and provide a model for the same. We discuss our progress in designing the model, its utility and benefits. We believe that such a unifying framework can increase the effectiveness of group awareness in supporting co-ordination and execution of collaborative work.


Joint Workshop on Web Services and Model-Driven Enterprise Information Services (WSMDEIS-2005)
 
Title:

A MODEL-BASED APPROACH TO MANAGING ENTERPRISE INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Robert France, Roger Burkhart and Charmaine DeLisser

Abstract:

Organizations must evolve their information systems (IS) in order to adapt to changes in their environment or to maintain or enhance competitiveness. The use of modern application integration technologies (e.g., middleware) and advanced network technologies has resulted in IS that provide services at unprecedented levels, but at the price of becoming more complex and thus more difficult to evolve. By way of concrete examples, this paper focuses on the use of system models expressed in the Unified Modeling Language (UML) to effectively manage information systems assets. The system models capture critical information about an organization and are part of an overall framework called the Application Mapping Framework or AMF. The AMF can be used by IT architects and planners to track applications, relate descriptions of system artifacts across different levels of abstraction and support redundancy, gap and impact analyses. The paper also identifies management roles needed to ensure that the AMF repository contains comprehensive and up-to-date models.


Title:

ONTOLOGY BASED MODEL TRANSFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE

Author(s):

Arda Goknil and N. Yasemin Topaloglu

Abstract:

Using MDA in ontology development has been investigated in several works recently. The mappings and transformations between the UML constructs and the OWL elements to develop ontologies are the main concern of these research projects. On the other hand, we propose another approach in order to achieve the collaboration between MDA and ontology technologies. We propose an ontology based model transformation infrastructure to transform application models by using query statements, transformation rules and models defined as ontologies in OWL. Using this approach in model transformation infrastructure will enable us to use semantic web and ontology facilities in model driven ar-chitecture. This paper will discuss how these two technologies come together to provide automatization in model transformations.


Title:

EVALUATION OF THE PROPOSED QVTMERGE LANGUAGE FOR MODEL TRANSFORMATIONS

Author(s):

Roy Grønmo, Mariano Belaunde, Jan Øyvind Aagedal, Klaus-D. Engel, Madeleine Faugere and Ida Solheim

Abstract:

This paper describes the set of requirements to a model-to-model transformation language as identified in the MODELWARE project. We show how these requirements divide into three main groups according to the way they can be measured, how to decompose them into different grades of support and how they can be weighted. All this information is then used as a basis for an al-gorithm that can compute an overall score. The evaluation framework has been applied to the current QVTMerge submission which targets the OMG QVT standardization.


Title:

STEERING MODEL-DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT OF ENTERPRISE INFORMATION SYSTEM THROUGH RESPONSIBILITIES

Author(s):

Ming-Jen Huang and Takuya Katayama

Abstract:

OMG proposed Model Driven Architecture to solve existing business and technology problems. The intention is clear but the implementation is unspecified. We proposed a model-driven approach for development of enterprise information system, RESTDA. In this paper, we describe a domain-specific language - Business Models. It helps domain experts to describe the running of a business without concerning any details of technology. We also describe a rule-based approach to find inconsistency of Business Model. It ensures the correctness for further model transformation. Finally, we introduce a model transformation mechanism utilizing the connections of roles, responsibilities, and collaborations within different abstraction levels. The connections can be implemented in rule-based engine for transforming Business Models to source code. Our work provides a DSL to help domain experts describe their works from pure business point of view. Our model transformation mechanism also bridges the gap between problem domain and solution domain tightly.


Title:

TOWARDS A FORMALIZATION OF MODEL CONFORMANCE IN MODEL DRIVEN ENGINEERING

Author(s):

Thanh-Hà Pham, Mariano Belaunde and Jean Bézivin

Abstract:

The principle of “everything is an object” basically supported by two fundamental relationships inheritance and instantiation has helped much in driving the object technology in the direction of simplicity, generality and power of integration. Similarly in the Model Driven Engineering (MDE) today, the basic principle that “everything is a model” has many interesting properties. The two relations representation and conformance are suggested [B04] to be the two basic relations in the MDE. This paper tends to support this ideas by investigating some concrete examples of the conformance relation concerning three technological spaces (TS) [KBA02]: Abstract/Concrete Syntax TS, XML TS and Object-Oriented Modeling (OOM) TS. To go further in this direction we try to formalize this relation in the OOM TS by using the category theory – a very young and abstract but powerful branch of mathematics. The OCL language is (partially) reused in this scheme to provide a potentially useful environment supporting MDE in a very general way.


Title:

DEPENDENCIES BETWEEN MODELS IN THE MODEL-DRIVEN DESIGN OF DISTRIBUTED APPLICATIONS

Author(s):

João Paulo A. Almeida, Luís Ferreira Pires and Marten van Sinderen

Abstract:

In our previous work, we have defined a model-driven design approach based on the organization of models of a distributed application according to different levels of platform-independence. In our approach, the design process is structured into a preparation and an execution phase. In the preparation phase, (abstract) platforms and transformation specifications are defined. These results are used by a designer in the execution phase to develop a specific application. In this paper, we analyse the dependencies between the various types of models used in our design approach, including platform-independent and platform-specific models of the application, abstract platforms, transformation specifications and transformation parameter values. In order to examine the relations between the various models, we consider models as modules and employ a technique to visualize modularity which uses Design Structure Matrices (DSMs). This analysis leads to requirements for the various types of models and directives for the design process which reduce undesirable dependencies between models.


Title:

FROM MAPPING SPECIFICATION TO MODEL TRANSFORMATION IN MDA: CONCEPTUALIZATION AND PROTOTYPING

Author(s):

Slimane Hammoudi and Denivaldo Lopes

Abstract:

In this paper, we present in the first part our proposition for a clarification of the concepts of mapping and transformation in the context of Model Driven Architecture (MDA), and our approach for mapping specification and generation of transformation definition. In the second part, we present the application of our approach from UML to JAVA platform. We propose a metamodel for mapping specification and its implementation as a plug-in for Eclipse. Once mappings are specified between two metamodels (e.g. UML and JAVA), transformation definitions are generated automatically using transformation languages such as Atlas Transformation Language (ATL). We have applied this tool to edit mappings between UML and JAVA metamodels. Afterwards, we have used this mapping to generate ATL code to achieve transformations from UML into JAVA.


Title:

AN XML-BASED SYSTEM FOR CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS USING WEB-SERVICES

Author(s):

Adnan Umar, James J. Sluss Jr. and Pramode K. Verma

Abstract:

As the utilization and the application base of the Internet grows, the need for an improved network management system becomes increasing apparent. It is generally accepted that SNMP is not capable of tackling the arising network management requirements and needs to be replaced. Also, configuration management has been identified as one of the most desired network management functionality. Recent research publications suggest a growing interest in replacing SNMP by a Web Services (XML)-based network management solution. In this paper we present our methodology and design of our complete XML-based network management system developed with the specific aim of performing configuration management.


Title:

SERVICE ORIENTED MODEL DRIVEN ARCHITECTURE FOR DYNAMIC WORKFLOW CHANGES

Author(s):

Leo Pudhota and Elizabeth Chang

Abstract:

Collaborative workflow management systems in logistic companies require strong information systems and computer support. These IT integration requirements have expanded considerably with the advent of e-business; utilizing web services for B2B (Business to Business) and P2P (Partner to Partner) e-commerce. This paper proposes service oriented model driven architecture for dynamic workflow changes and strategy for implementation of these changes by isolation of services and business processes where by existing workflow systems can easily incorporate and integrate the changes following a step by step process replacement synchronization in workflow. This paper will also describe conceptual framework for prototype implementation resulting in dynamic collaborative workflow management.


Title:

DESIGN AND PROTOTYPING OF WEB SERVICE SECURITY ON J2ME BASED MOBILE PHONES

Author(s):

Ti-Shiang Wang

Abstract:

One of the main objectives in this paper is to investigate how to manipulate the SOAP message and place security functions in the header of SOAP message. Here, we will present the design and implementation of web service security application on J2ME based mobile devices. Basically this prototyping includes two-stage approach. In the first stage, we study the concept of proof in implementation of web services security on the IBM laptop using IBM Web-Sephere Studio Device Developer (WSDD V 5.6) IDE [1]. In addition we im-port kXML/kSOAP APIs to process SOAP message and use Bouncy Castle’s API [2] supporting cryptographic algorithms for security implementations. In this paper, the security functions we present here include five tasks: non-security, data digest, data encryption using symmetric key, data encryption us-ing asymmetric key, and digital signature. At each task, we will discuss its cor-responding design, SOAP header message, time performance, and return results in emulator. Based on the expected results from the first stage, in the second stage, we use Nokia 6600 mobile phone as a target mobile device to test our application and evaluate performance at each task. Finally we will share our ex-perience and lessons on this work in the conclusion and do the demonstration using Nokia 6600 mobile phone in the conference if time permits.


Title:

ARCHITECTURE FOR AN AUTONOMIC WEB SERVICES ENVIRONMENT

Author(s):

Wenhu Tian, Farhana Zulkernine, Jared Zebedee, Wendy Powley and Pat Martin

Abstract:

The growing complexity of Web service platforms and their dynamically varying workloads make manually managing their performance a tough and time consuming task. Autonomic computing systems, that is, systems that are self-configuring and self-managing, have emerged as a promising approach to dealing with this increasing complexity. In this paper we propose an architecture of an autonomic Web service environment based on reflective programming techniques, where components at a Web service hosting site tunes themselves and collaborate to provide a self-managed and self-optimized system.


Title:

EXTENDING UDDI WITH RECOMMENDATIONS: AN ASSOCIATION ANALYSIS APPROACH

Author(s):

Andrea Powles and Shonali Krishnaswamy

Abstract:

This paper presents a novel recommendation extension to UDDI that we term RUDDIS. Recommendations can have potential benefits to both providers and consumers of Web Services. We adopt a unique technique to making recommendations that applies association analysis rather than traditional collaborative filtering approach. We present the implementation and demonstrate the functioning of RUDDIS in an unobtrusive manner where the user has total control over the recommendation process.


Title:

XML SCHEMA-DRIVEN GENERATION OF ARCHITECTURE COMPONENTS

Author(s):

Ali El bekai and Nick Rossiter

Abstract:

It is possible to code by hand an XSL stylesheet that validates an XML document against some or all constraints of an XML schema. But the main goal of this paper is to introduce general techniques as a technology solution for different problems such as generation of (a) SQL schema from XMLSchema, (b) XSL stylesheet from XMLSchema, and (c) XQuery interpreter. Each of the techniques proposed in this paper employs XMLSchema-driven generation architecture components with XSL stylesheets. As can be seen the input is XMLSchema and XSL stylesheet and the output is generic stylesheets. These stylesheets, as an integral part of our development, can be used as interpreters for generating other types of data such as SQL queries from XQueries, SQL data, SQL schema and HTML format. Finally, we present algorithms for these types of generator and show how we can generate the components automatically. We also introduce examples to evaluate the generated components.


Title:

ARCHITECTURAL FRAMEWORK FOR WEB SERVICES AUTHORIZATION

Author(s):

Sarath Indrakanti, Vijay Varadharajan and Michael Hitchens

Abstract:

This paper considers the security issues in the service oriented architectures and proposes an authorization architecture for web services. It describes the architectural framework, the administration and runtime aspects of our architecture and its components for secure authorization of web services as well as the support for the management of authorization information. The paper also describes authorization algorithms that support various possibilities of collecting credentials required to authorize a client’s request. The proposed architecture has several benefits, which are discussed in the paper. It is able to support legacy applications exposed as web services as well as new web service based applications built to leverage the benefits offered by service oriented architectures; it can support multiple access control models and mechanisms and is decentralized and distributed and provides flexible management and administration of web services and related authorization information. We believe that the proposed architecture is easy to integrate into existing platforms and provides enhanced security by protecting exposed web services. This architecture is currently being implemented within the .NET framework.


Title:

A FORMAL SEMANTICS FOR THE BUSINESS PROCESS EXECUTION LANGUAGE FOR WEB SERVICES

Author(s):

Roozbeh Farahbod, Uwe Glässer and Mona Vajihollahi

Abstract:

We define an abstract operational semantics for the Business Process Execution Language for Web Services (BPEL) based on the abstract state machine (ASM) formalism. This way, we model the dynamic properties of the key language constructs through the construction of a BPEL abstract machine in terms of a distributed real-time ASM. Specifically, we focus here on the process execution model and the underlying execution lifecycle of BPEL activities. The goal of our work is to provide a well defined semantic foundation for establishing the key language attributes. The resulting abstract machine model provides a comprehensive and robust formalization at various levels of abstraction.


Workshop on Pattern Recognition in Information Systems (PRIS-2005)
 
Title:

INTRUSION DETECTION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR ECOMMERCE SECURITY

Author(s):

Jens Lichtenberg and Jorge Marx Gómez

Abstract:

One of the main problems in eCommerce applications and all other systems handling confidential information in general, is the matter of security. This paper introduces the idea of an intrusion detection management system to support the security. Intrusion detection per se, is the act of detecting an unauthorized intrusion by a computer or a network from the inside or the outside of the affected system, making an intrusion the attempt to compromise or otherwise do harm to other network devices. Next to the normal intrusion detection system an Intrusion Management System applies different Intrusion Detection Systems to not only detect a threat but also analyze it and propose counter measures to avoid the compromization of the guarded system. The numerous intrusion detection systems are linked to the attack analyzer. The best system coverage is achieved using detection systems that apply different techniques. An exemplatory system might apply, with SNORT a signature based system, and with INBOUNDS an anomaly detecting system, and, thus, cover historically known attacks as well as hazardous behavior. The attack analyzer gathers the information from the IDS 1…n and diagnoses a treatment plan. The system manager or the response planning module aiding the manager can also query the analyzer for information about the attack character, possible goals and the impending threat level. For the treatment plan, depending on the analysis, a multitude of counter measures is identified and ranked. The counter measure identification is done using data mining techniques on a counter measure repository, the final ranking through sorting algorithms. Of the numerous data mining techniques applicable for diagnostic or analytic purposes the nearest neighbor and the correlation coefficient techniques have been implemented. A feasibility study has shown that an analyzer can match a problem against a solution repository and find the optimal treatment suggestions, applied with a ranking, in an acceptable short period of time. Future work will include the analysis of attack characteristics and goals, and the interaction between system manager, response planning and execution module and the attack analyzer. Furthermore the counter measure repository will be evaluated and updated.


Title:

DATA MINING BASED DIAGNOSIS IN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Author(s):

Mathias Beck and Jorge Marx Gómez

Abstract:

There are different solutions to resource allocation problems in Resource Management Systems (RMS). One of the most sophisticated ways to solve these problems is, if supported by the RMS, an adjustment to Quality-of-Service (QoS) settings during runtime. These settings affect the trade-off between the resource usage and the quality of the services the executed tasks create. But, to be able to determine the optimal reactive changes to current QoS settings in an acceptable time, knowledge of the resource allocation problem’s cause is necessary. This is especially significant in an environment with real-time constraints. Without this knowledge other solutions could be initiated, still an improvement to the current resource allocation, but the optimal compromise between resource requirements and QoS is likely to be missed. A resource management system (RMS) with the ability to adjust QoS settings can solve more resource allocation problems than one providing reallocation measures only. But problem-depending only optimal changes to QoS settings can solve the problem within timing constraints and thus prevent expensive system failures. Depending on the environment a RMS is used in, the failures could be a huge financial loss or even a threat to human lives. “The real-time and reliability constraints require responsive rather than best-effort metacomputing.”[1] But the knowledge of a problem’s cause does not only help to solve the problem within existing timing constraints and to guarantee feasibility of the executed tasks, but helps to maximize the quality of the generated services as well.


Title:

A COMPARISON OF DOCUMENT CLUSTERING ALGORITHMS

Author(s):

Yong Wang and Julia Hodges

Abstract:

Document clustering is a widely used strategy for information retrieval and text data mining. This paper describes the preliminary work for ongoing research of document clustering problems. A prototype of a document clustering system has been implemented and some basic aspects of document clustering problems have been studied. Our experimental results demonstrate that the average-link inter-cluster distance measure and TFIDF weighting function are good methods for the document clustering problem. Other investigators have indicated that the bisecting K-means method is the preferred method for document clustering. However, in our research we have found that, whereas the bisecting K-means method has advantages when working with large datasets, a traditional hierarchical clustering algorithm still achieves the best performance for small datasets.


Title:

A COMPARISON OF METHODS FOR WEB DOCUMENT CLASSIFICATION

Author(s):

Julia Hodges, Yong Wang and Bo Tang

Abstract:

WebDoc is an automated classification system that assigns Web documents to appropriate Library of Congress subject headings based upon the text in the documents. We have used different classification methods in different versions of WebDoc. One classification method is a statistical approach that counts the number of occurrences of a given noun phrase in documents assigned to a particular subject heading as the basis for determining the weights to be assigned to the candidate indexes (or subject headings) that it generates. A second classification method that we tested for our system uses a naïve Bayes approach. In this case, we experimented with the use of smoothing to dampen the effect of having a large number of 0s in our feature vectors (due to the infrequent occurrence of many of the noun phrases). A third classification method that we tested was a k-nearest neighbors approach. With this approach, we tested two different ways of determining the similarity of feature vectors: counting the number of common feature values based on the occurrences of those features and using the cosine coefficient approach, which computes the normalized inner product of the two vectors being compared. In this paper, we report the performance of each of the versions of WebDoc in terms of recall, precision, and F-measures.


Title:

AUTOMATIC RECOGNITION OF POLLUTANTS IN PACKAGED FOODS FROM X-RAY IMAGING

Author(s):

Giorgio Grasso, Rosa Maria Gembillo and Maria Schepis

Abstract:

The quality and purity of industrially packaged foods is today of fundamental importance, given the level of expectation of consumers and the current laws imposing serious liabilities on producers. This paper presents a novel method for automatic recognition of pollutants in packaged foods for industrial applications. To maximize the contrast between foods and pollutants a dual acquisition method has been applied to obtain a pair of images taken at two different x-ray source voltages. Taking advantage from the wavelength dependence of absorption coefficient for different materials. In order to further increase the classification potential of the algorithms, the H color spectrum was adopted, for its high discrimination capabilities. The analysis of images is performed on-line utilizing three independent methods. Over a series of experiments each of the three strategies have given a correct classification rate of pollutants ranging from 83% to 95%. To further increase the degree of reliability of the automatic recognition process, the three methods have been combined into a pollution coefficient. The confidence achieved on the experimental set resulted in a 92% correct classifications, for pollutants larger than 2mm.


Title:

DISTINCTION OF PATTERNS WITHIN TIME-SERIES DATA USING CONSTELLATION GRAPHS

Author(s):

Mayumi Oyama-Higa, Michihiko Setogawa and Teijun Miao

Abstract:

Constellation graphs for time-series data(CGSTS) are very effective tool for displaying characteristic patterns within time-series data. In the past, line graphs were the tool of choice to analyze patterns within time-series data. The advantage of using constellation graphs is that they make pattern fluctuations easier to discern, and allow observation of partial changes between periods. This paper compares the line graphs and CGSTS. And we display several sample of time-series data and concludes that time-series data are most easily interpreted via constellation graphs.


Title:

A NEW RBF CLASSIFIER FOR BURIED TAG RECOGNITION

Author(s):

Larbi Beheim, Adel Zitouni and Fabien Belloir

Abstract:

This article presents noticeable performances improvement of an RBF neural classifier. Based on the Mahalanobis distance, this new classifier increases relatively the recognition rate while decreasing remarkably the number of hidden layer neurons. We obtain thus a new very general RBF classifier, very simple, not requiring any adjustment parameter, and presenting an excellent ratio performances/neurons number. A comparative study of its performances is presented and illustrated by examples on real databases. We present also the recognition improvements obtained by applying this new classifier on buried tag.


Title:

SELECTIVE VISUAL ATTENTION IN ELECTRONIC VIDEO SURVEILLANCE

Author(s):

James Mountstephens, Craig Bennett and Khurshid Ahmad

Abstract:

In this paper we describe how a model of visual attention, driven entirely by visual features can be used to attend to “unusual” events in a complex surveillance environment. For the purposes of illustration and elaboration we have used Itti and Koch’s model of selective visual attention, used a program developed by it’s authors and used a professional benchmark video dataset produced by the EC sponsored CAVIAR project (80 video clips comprising 90,000 frames).


Title:

UNSUPERVISED FILTERING OF XML STREAMS FOR SYSTEM INTEGRATION

Author(s):

Ingo Lütkebohle, Sebastian Wrede and Sven Wachsmuth

Abstract:

In the last years, computer vision research is more and more shifting from algorithmic solutions to the construction of active systems. However, available integration frameworks in this area still suffer from many aspects, like insufficient decoupling of components, long learning curves, missing support for distributed and asynchronous processing, fixed control strategies, or no resource control. Especially, a centralized resource management typically leads to very complex control strategies for distributed and asynchronous running systems. Many processing components only need to compute new results if their input data has significantly changed. This can be defined as a pattern recognition task that analyzes the data flow in the system. In the following, we will describe a generic solution for data-flow reduction based on XML distance metrics. We present first results on the application of this component in an integration framework for a vision-based Human-computer interface within an augmented reality scenario.


Title:

CAR LICENSE PLATE EXTRACTION FROM VIDEO STREAM IN COMPLEX ENVIRONMENT

Author(s):

Giorgio Grasso and Giuseppe Santagati

Abstract:

The recognition of car license plates has a variety of applications ranging from surveillance, to access and traffic control, to law enforcement. Today a number of algorithms have been developed to extract car license plate numbers from imaging data. In general there two class of systems, one operating on triggered high speed cameras, employed in speed limit enforcement, and one based on video cameras mainly used in various surveillance systems (car-park access, gate monitoring, etc). A complete automatic plate recognition system, consists of two main processing phases: the extraction of the plate region from the full image; optical character recognition (OCR) to identify the license plate number. This paper focuses on dynamic multi-method image analysis for the extraction of car license plate regions, from live video streams. Three algorithms have been deviced, implemented and tested on city roads, to automatically extract sub-images containing car plates only. The first criterion is based on the ratio between the height and width of the plate, which has, for each type of plate, a standard value; the second criterion is based on the eccentricity of the image on the two dimensions, i.e. the projection histogram of plate number pixels onto the reference axes of the image; the third criterion is based on the intensity histogram of the image. For each criterion a likelihood is defined, which reaches its maximum when the tested sub-image is close to the standard value for the type of plate considered. The tuning of the methods has been carried on several video streams taken during travel on busy city roads. The results for the overall recognition rate on single frames is around 65%, whereas the multi-frame recognition rate is around 85%. The significant value for the performance of the method is the latter, as typically a license plate is visible in 5-10 frames. Based on three parameters ranking, the same system can potentially distinguish and identify a wide range of license plate types.


Title:

APPEARANCE-BASED FACE RECOGNITION USING AGGREGATED 2D GABOR FEATURES

Author(s):

King Hong Cheung, Jane You, Qin Li and Prabir Bhattacharya

Abstract:

Current holistic appearance based face recognition methods require a high dimensional feature space to attain fruitful performance. In this paper, we have proposed a relatively low feature dimensional, template-matching scheme to cope with the transformed appearance-based face recognition problem. We use aggregated Gabor filter responses to represent face images. We investigated the effect of ``duplicate'' images (images from different sessions) and the effect of facial expressions. Our results indicate that the proposed method is more robust in recognizing ``duplicate'' images with variations in facial expression than the Principal Component Analysis method.


Title:

DYNAMIC FEATURE SELECTION AND COARSE-TO-FINE SEARCH FOR CONTENT-BASED IMAGE RETRIEVAL

Author(s):

Jane You, Qin Li, King Hong Cheung and Prabir Bhattacharya

Abstract:

We present a new approach to content-based image retrieval by addressing three primary issues: image indexing, similarity measure, and search methods. The proposed algorithms include: an image data warehousing structure for dynamic image indexing; a statistically based feature selection procedure to form flexible similarity measures in terms of the dominant image features; and a feature component code to facilitate query processing and guide the search for the best matching. The experimental results demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method.


Title:

NOVEL CIRCULAR-SHIFT INVARIANT CLUSTERING

Author(s):

Dimitrios Charalampidis

Abstract:

Several important pattern recognition applications are based on feature extraction and vector clustering. Directional patterns may be represented by rotation-variant directional vectors, formed from M features uniformly extracted in M directions. It is often required that pattern recognition algorithms are invariant under pattern rotation or, equivalently, invariant under circular shifts of such directional vectors. This paper introduces a K-means based algorithm (Circular K-means) to cluster vectors in a circular-shift invariant manner. Thus, the algorithm is appropriate for rotation invariant pattern recognition applications. An efficient Fourier domain imple-mentation of the proposed technique is presented to reduce computational complex-ity. An index-based approach is proposed to estimate the correct number of clusters in the dataset. Experiments illustrate the superiority of CK-means for clustering direc-tional vectors, compared to the alternative approach that uses the original K-means and rotation-invariant vectors transformed from rotation-variant ones.


Title:

INDUCTIVE STRING TEMPLATE-BASED LEARNING OF SPOKEN LANGUAGE

Author(s):

Alexander Gutkin and Simon King

Abstract:

This paper deals with formulation of alternative structural approach to the speech recognition problem. In this approach, we require both the representation and the learning algorithms defined on it to be linguistically meaningful, which allows the speech recognition system to discover the nature of the linguistic classes of speech patterns corresponding to the speech waveforms. We briefly discuss the current formalisms and propose an alternative -- a phonologically inspired string-based inductive speech representation, defined within an analytical framework specifically designed to address the issues of class and object representation. We also present the results of the phoneme classification experiments conducted on the TIMIT corpus of continuous speech.


Title:

A MULTI-RESOLUTION LEARNING APPROACH TO TRACKING CONCEPT DRIFT AND RECURRENT CONCEPTS

Author(s):

Mihai M. Lazarescu

Abstract:

This paper presents a multiple-window algorithm that combines a novel evidence based forgetting method with data prediction to handle different types of concept drift and recurrent concepts. We describe the reasoning behind the algorithm and we compare the performance with the FLORA algorithm on three different problems: the STAGGER concepts problem, a recurrent concept problem and a video surveillance problem.


Title:

KNOWLEDGE-BASED SILHOUETTE DETECTION

Author(s):

Antonio Fernández-Caballero

Abstract:

A general-purpose neural model that challenges image understanding is presented in this paper. The model incorporates accumulative computation, lateral interaction and double time scale, and can be considered as biologically plausible. The model uses - at global time scale t and in form of accumulative computation - all the necessary mechanisms to detect movement from the grey level change at each pixel of the image. The information on the detected motion is useful as part of an object’s shape can be obtained. On a second time scale base T<


Title:

MOTION DIRECTION DETECTION FROM SEGMENTATION BY LIAC, AND TRACKING BY CENTROID TRAJECTORY CALCULATION

Author(s):

Antonio Fernández-Caballero

Abstract:

Motion information can form the basis of predictions about time-to impact and the trajectories of objects moving through a scene. Firstly, a model that incorporates accumulative computation and lateral interaction is presented. Applied to artificial vision, the model uses in form of accumulative computation all the necessary mechanisms to detect movement from the grey level stripe change at each pixel of the image. By means of the lateral interaction of each element with its neighbours, the model is able to segment moving objects present in an indefinite sequence of images. In a further step, moving objects are tracked using a centroid-based trajectory calculation. More concretely, the proposed solution is described in three steps: (1) segmentation by grey level stripes, (2) lateral interaction in accumulative computation and (3) centroid trajectory calculation.


Title:

BAGGING KNN CLASSIFIERS USING DIFFERENT EXPERT FUSION STRATEGIES

Author(s):

Amer. J. AlBaghdadi and Fuad M. Alkoot

Abstract:

Bagging KNN Classifiers using Different Expert Fusion Strategies An experimental evaluation of Bagging K-nearest neighbor classifiers (KNN) is performed. The goal is to investigate whether varying soft methods of aggregation would yield better results than Sum and Vote. We evaluate the performance of Sum, Product, MProduct,Minimum, Maximum, Median and Vote under varying parameters. The results over different training set sizes show minor improvement due to combining using Sum and MProduct. At very small sample size no improvement is achieved from bagging KNN classifiers. While Minimum and Maximum do not improve at almost any training set size, Vote and Median showed an improvement when larger training set sizes were tested. Reducing the number of features at large training set size improved the performance of the leading fusion strategies.


Title:

EVALUATING PATTERN RECOGNITION TECHNIQUES IN INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEMS

Author(s):

Marcello Esposito, Claudio Mazzariello, Francesco Oliviero, Simon Pietro Romano and Carlo Sansone

Abstract:

Pattern recognition is the discipline which studies the design and operation of systems capable to recognize patterns with specific properties in data sources. Intrusion detection, instead, is in charge of identifying anomalous activities by analyzing a data source, be it the logs of an operating system or in the network traffic. It is easy to find similarities between such research fields, and it is straightforward to think of a way to combine them. As to the descriptions above, we can imagine an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) using techniques proper of the pattern recognition field in order to discover an attack pattern within the network traffic. What we propose in this work is such a system, which exploits the results of research in the field of data mining, in order to discover potential attacks. The paper also presents some experimental results dealing with performance of our system in a real-world operational scenario.


Title:

ACTIVITY IDENTIFICATION AND VISUALIZATION

Author(s):

Richard J. Parker, William A. Hoff, Alan Norton, Jae Young Lee and Michael Colagrosso

Abstract:

Understanding activity from observing the motion of agents is simple for people to do, yet the procedure is difficult to codify. It is impossible to enumerate all possible motion patterns which could occur, or to dictate the explicit behavioural meaning of each motion. We develop visualization tools to assist a human user in labelling detected behaviours and identifying useful attributes. We also apply machine learning to the classification of motion into motion and behavioural labels. Issues include feature selection and classifier performance.


Title:

INDEXATION OF DOCUMENT IMAGES USING FREQUENT ITEMS

Author(s):

Eugen Barbu, Pierre Heroux, Sebastien Adam and Eric Trupin

Abstract:

Documents exist in different formats. When we have document images, in order to access some part, preferably all, of the information contained in that images, we have to deploy a document image analysis application. Document images can be mostly textual or mostly graphical. If, for a user, a task is to retrieve document images, relevant to a query from a set, we must use indexing techniques. The documents and the query are translated in a common representation. Using a dissimilarity measure (between the query and the document representations) and a method to speed-up the search process we may find documents that are from the user point of view relevant to his query. The semantic gap between a document representation and the user implicit representation can lead to unsatisfactory results. If we want to access objects from document images that are relevant to the document semantic we must enter in a document understanding cycle. Understanding document images is made in systems that are (usually) domain dependent, and that are not applicable in general cases (textual and graphical document classes). In this paper we present a method to describe and then to index document images using frequently appearances of items. The intuition is that frequent items represents symbols in a certain domain and this document description can be related to the domain knowledge (in an unsupervised manner). The novelty of our method consists in using graph based summaries as a description for document images. In our approach we use a bag of objects as description for document images. From the document images we extract graph based representations. In these graphs, we apply graph mining techniques in order to find frequent and maximally subgraphs. For each document image we construct a bag with all frequent subgraphs found in the graph-based representations. This bag of “symbols” represents the description of the document.


Title:

AUTOMATED ANNOTATION OF MULTIMEDIA AUDIO DATA WITH AFFECTIVE LABELS FOR INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

Author(s):

Ching Hau Chan and Gareth J. F. Jones

Abstract:

The emergence of digital multimedia systems is creating many new opportunities for rapid access to huge content archives. In order to fully exploit these information sources, the content must be annotated with significant features. An important aspect of human interpretation of multimedia data, which is often overlooked, is the affective dimension. Such information is a potentially useful component for content-based classification and retrieval. Much of the affective information of multimedia content is contained within the audio data stream. Emotional features can be defined in terms of arousal and valence levels. In this study low-level audio features are extracted to calculate arousal and valence levels of the audio stream. These are then mapped onto a set of keywords with predetermined emotional interpretations. Experimental results illustrate the use of this system to assign affective annotation to multimedia data.


Title:

WEB PAGE CLASSIFICATION BASED ON WEB PAGE SIZE AND HYPERLINKS AND WEB SITE HYPERLINK STRUCTURE

Author(s):

Denis L. Nkweteyim

Abstract:

This paper presents a new metric, Page Rank × Inverse Links-to-word count Ratio (PR × ILW), used in classifying Web pages as content or navigation. The metric combines Web page size and number of hyperlinks present on the page, and the Web page rank metric, based on the Web site topology, to compute the new metric. We present a theoretical basis for the new metric, and the results of a Web page classification study, which show that the new metric, when combined with the links-to-word count ratio of Web pages, accurately classifies them into the two categories: content and navigation.


Title:

A NEW JOINLESS APRIORI ALGORITHM FOR MINING ASSOCIATION RULES

Author(s):

Denis Nkweteyim and Stephen Hirtle

Abstract:

In this paper, we introduce a new approach to implementing the apriori algorithm in association rule mining. We show that by omitting the join step in the classical apriori algoritm, and applying the apriori property to each transaction in the transactions database, we get the same results. We use a simulation study to compare the performances of the classical to the new joinless algorithm under varying conditions and draw the following conclusions: (1) the joinless algorithm offers better space management; (2) the joinless apriori algorithm is faster for small, but slower for large, average transaction widths. We analyze the two algorithms to determine factors responsible for their relative performances. The new approach is demonstrated with an application to web mining of navigation sequences.


Title:

PICTURE ID AUTHENTICATION USING INVISIBLE WATERMARK AND FACIAL RECOGNITION FEATURES

Author(s):

Wensheng Zhou and Hua Xie

Abstract:

Picture ID authentication is very important for any identification verifications and extremely critical for homeland security. Here we propose a unique picture ID authentication apparatus which combines invisible watermark embedding and detection technology with facial recognition techniques. To demonstrate this apparatus, we implemented a system that is capable of fast and secure verification on the integrity and authenticity of ID documents with face image contents. The proposed invisible watermarks tolerate most-common attacks. We believe with only minor improvement this picture ID authentication system can be deployed in real environment at airports and country borders.


Title:

FAST ALGORITHM FOR OPTIMAL POLYGONAL APPROXIMATION OF SHAPE BOUNDARIES

Author(s):

Prabhudev I. Hosur and Rolando A. Carrasco

Abstract:

This paper presents a fast algorithm for optimal polygonal approximation of shape boundaries, to generate a polygon with the minimum number of vertices for a given maximum tolerable approximation error. For this purpose, the directed acyclic graph (DAG) formulation of the polygonal approximation problem is considered. The reduction in computational complexity is achieved by reducing the number of admissible edges in the DAG and speeding up the process of determining whether the edge distortion is within the tolerable limit. The proposed algorithm is compared with other optimal algorithms in terms of the execution time.


 


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